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The Advantages of Outsourcing HR …

Outsourcing hr functions essay

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Beauty Therapist CV Writing Service. If you love the essay, idea of making people feel good and looking their best, a job as a beauty therapist could be perfect for you. Essay On Musical Instruments? Beauty therapists carry out face and body treatments for clients to help them look and feel better. To start work as a fully qualified beauty therapist you need a relevant level 3 NVQ or City Guilds. You can also gain these qualifications through an apprenticeship.

Beauty Therapists need to be open and friendly. They also need to be able to make clients feel relaxed and be a good listener. If you love the idea of making people feel good and look their best, a job as a beauty therapist could be perfect for you. As a beauty therapist, you could provide a range of hr functions essay face and body treatments, including: facials – cleansing, massaging and toning the skin applying and advising about make-up eyebrow shaping and eyelash colouring manicures, pedicures and other nail treatments like extensions and nail art removal of unwanted facial and body hair electro-therapy treatments to improve body tone and donald essay, shape non-surgical skin improvement treatments UV (ultraviolet) and outsourcing essay, spray tanning. You may offer other treatments, such as massage, aromatherapy, hydrotherapy and reflexology. As well as carrying out treatments, your day to hidden day tasks would include: reception work, such as answering the telephone and receiving clients booking appointments checking and ordering supplies keeping notes of clients’ medical histories and treatment programmes. You may occasionally need to outsourcing hr functions refer clients to their doctor, for essay, example, if they have a severe skin problem. Your working hours would typically be 9 am to 5 pm, including Saturdays. Some salons offer evening appointments. You could work in a high street salon or beauty clinic, health spa, hotel, or on a cruise ship. You could also be self-employed, either working from outsourcing hr functions essay, home or visiting clients in faces coursework, their own homes.

Beauty therapists typically earn between ?12,000 and outsourcing, ?17,000 a year. Hall? Salon managers can earn over ?20,000 a year. Beauty therapists also receive tips, and are usually paid extra for products they sell in the salon (known as commission). Outsourcing Hr Functions Essay? Figures are intended as a guideline only. To start work as a fully qualified beauty therapist you would need at least a level 3 qualification such as: NVQ Certificate/Diploma in Beauty Therapy at Level 3 City Guilds Level 3 Diploma in Beauty Therapy Techniques ITEC Level 3 Diploma in Advanced Beauty Therapy VTCT Level 3 Diploma in research, Beauty Therapy Treatments. You can add to outsourcing your skills by expository essay completing courses in specialist areas such as epilation, ear piercing, waxing techniques and outsourcing hr functions, UV tanning. Courses leading to qualifications from awarding organisations such as ITEC, VTCT, City Guilds and Edexcel are run at colleges and critical romeo, private beauty schools.

Visit the websites of the awarding bodies for details. Suppliers of some beauty products may offer training in the use of their products. You can also take higher level qualifications. These would be useful if you want to progress to essay salon management. Higher level qualifications include BTEC HNDs and foundation degrees in subjects like Beauty Therapy Management, Salon and Spa Management, and Spa and Therapy Management. To become a beauty therapist you would need: a friendly and welcoming manner the ability to make clients feel relaxed tact, diplomacy and the ability to listen and communicate well the ability to explain procedures clearly to clients business awareness and the ability to sell products and earn commission a high standard of personal hygiene and care for your appearance the ability to be on your feet for most of the hall essay, day some knowledge of chemistry, anatomy and human biology a talent for applying nail art and outsourcing hr functions, make-up. You could develop your career by coursework help training in a wider variety of hr functions treatments, or moving into the sound research paper outline, fashion, theatre or media make-up. With experience, and possibly further training, you could progress to become a salon manager, or move into training. The health and fitness industry is hr functions, part of the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, represented by SkillsActive Sector Skills Council.

This sector is expository on musical instruments, based on leisure and recreation and outsourcing hr functions essay, includes: sport and outline, recreation; playwork; the essay, outdoors; and the caravan industry. The UK active leisure, learning and well?being sector currently employs 663,300 people, representing just over 2% of the hidden coursework, UK workforce, and an estimated 1.9 million volunteers in hr functions essay, England (equating to 54,000 full?time equivalents). There are an estimated 39,800 workplaces, of which 74% employ 10 or less people. Much of the workforce work in a part?time capacity (47%) and seasonal employment is important for outdoors, caravans and playwork, which attract students and other temporary workers. The health and fitness industry focuses on the supervision of donald poetry exercise and physical activity. The UK has thousands of fitness clubs, leisure centres and gyms for outsourcing hr functions, public use. Over the last decade, the industry has grown rapidly, which has come both from within the private sector, but also through the government’s reliance on the industry to help it deliver on public health and activity targets in the fight against poetry, illness and obesity. There are 51,500 people working in the health and outsourcing hr functions, fitness industry.

There are over 3,100 private fitness facilities within the UK with 4,397,200 members. There are just under 2,600 public health and fitness facilities, which have over donald essay poetry 2,758,400 members. 38% of the outsourcing hr functions essay, workforce is essay, employed full?time, 42% part?time and 20% self?employed. Essay? Around 29% of the health and hall essay, fitness workforce is aged 16?24 years (compared with 14% across all industries in the UK). Jobs in the industry include: fitness instructor, personal trainer, group exercise instructor, yoga and pilates teacher, recreation assistant, club managers, duty managers, sales personnel, receptionist, lifeguard, finance manager, beautician, creche staff, children’s activity staff. East Midlands – There are 44,300 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 3,900 are employed in outsourcing hr functions, the health and fitness industry. Donald Hall? The region hosts a broad range of hr functions essay activities, including coastal and countryside destinations (e.g. the Peak District, Sherwood Forrest and the National Forest). There are many places to walk and cycle, and the growing network of rights of way, footpaths, multi?use trails and long?distance paths forms an important recreational resource.

Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; first aid; and child protection. East of England – There are 61,400 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 6,100 are employed in the health and fitness industry. Hidden Faces? London – There are 70,200 people employed in essay, the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 5,900 are employed in the health and faces coursework, fitness industry. London has a rich mix of active leisure and learning facilities, high profile sporting clubs and venues and outsourcing, hosts a wide range of international, national, regional and local events. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; management; initiative; first aid; child protection; project management; and the sound, working with people with disabilities. North East – There are 24,500 people employed in the active leisure, learning and outsourcing hr functions, well?being sector, of which 1,900 are employed in expository, the health and fitness industry. The region has 20 facilities listed in the London 2012 Pre?Games Training Camps Guide and 4 universities providing sports provision recognised in the 2012 Training Camps Guide. Outsourcing Hr Functions? The region hosts to the Great North Run, which has the largest participation in the world.

Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; first aid; team?working; health and safety; working with disabled people; child protection; and initiative. North West – There are 65,700 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 5,400 are employed in the health and fitness industry. The region is home to the Lake District, Forest of Bowland and the coast, so facilities include a purpose built mountain bike trail and outdoor activity centres. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; initiative; team?working; planning and preparing work; child protection; and first aid. South East – There are 96,700 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 8,700 are employed in the health and essay virtue, fitness industry. Two of the nine UK Sports Institutes are based in the region at outsourcing essay, Bisham Abbey and Bisley. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; first aid; child protection; communication; management; and planning and preparing work. South West – There are 53,700 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of coursework which 4,100 are employed in the health and fitness industry. The region offers a range of hr functions opportunities for surfing, sailing, surf lifesaving, Tarka Trail, Camel Trail and coastal paths.

Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; management; team?working; planning and preparing work; initiative; project management; and problem solving. West Midlands – There are 48,200 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 3,700 are employed in the health and fitness industry. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; management; team?working; initiative; and planning and preparing work. Jane Eyre Coursework Help? Yorkshire and the Humber – There are 51,900 people employed in hr functions essay, the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 3,500 are employed in the health and fitness industry. The region has a strong sporting infrastructure and expository, is home to a cluster of sports science, technology, medicine and economics research and outsourcing essay, development units. The region hosts three National Parks and a range of outdoors activities including rock climbing, airborne activities, water sports and cycling.

Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; child protection; initiative; and management. Northern Ireland – There are 10,738 people employed in the active leisure, learning and eyre help, well?being sector, of which 1,000 are employed in the health and fitness industry. Scotland – There are 58,200 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 5,100 are employed in the health and fitness industry. Wales – There are 29,500 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 2,100 are employed in the health and fitness industry.

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Guest Editorial: Uncounted: Power, inequalities and outsourcing hr functions essay, the post-2015 data revolution. People and groups go uncounted for reasons of power: those without power are further marginalized by their exclusion from statistics, while elites and criminals resist the counting of their incomes and wealth. As a result, the pattern of faces coursework counting can both reflect and exacerbate existing inequalities. Hr Functions Essay? The global framework set by the Sustainable Development Goals will be more ambitious, in terms of both the hidden faces counting and the challenging of hr functions essay inequalities, than anything that has gone before. This article explores the help likely obstacles, and the unaddressed weaknesses in the agreed framework, and suggests a number of measures to strengthen the hr functions essay eventual challenge to inequalities, including by the promotion of tax justice measures. Explains how the current patterns of ‘counting’ can both reflect and exacerbate existing inequalities, and explores the likely obstacles and the unaddressed weaknesses the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Data: Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis. Revolution: A forcible overthrow of a government or social order, in favour of a new system . Oxford English Dictionary.

Counting matters. As the Stiglitz et al. (2009 : 7) report puts it: ‘What we measure affects what we do; and research paper outline, if our measurements are flawed, decisions may be distorted …. [I]f our metrics of hr functions essay performance are flawed, so too may be the inferences that we draw’. Critical Essays Romeo And Juliet? The Commission criticizes at outsourcing hr functions length the jane eyre help use of gross domestic product (GDP) and economic growth as the primary measures of progress, predominantly focusing on rich countries. In development thinking, there is essay a comparatively rich and varied history of analysing different measures. Jane Help? The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) represented the outsourcing hr functions essay first attempt to essays, establish a common set for all developing countries; the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) takes this further and identifies a universal (global) set of goals, targets and essay, indicators, applicable from 2016 onwards. ‘… measures to essay on musical, strengthen the capacity and coverage of national and sub-national monitoring and evaluation, data collection and analysis. These will need to track the impact of outsourcing hr functions essay policies, legislation, budgets and programmes among those most disadvantaged and excluded; allow for truly participatory assessment of these measures; enable much more systematic disaggregation of information for equity-focused targets and indicators; and provide mechanisms for locally-led citizen monitoring and feedback on progress and essays romeo, performance.’ ( UNICEF/UNWomen, 2013 : 10) Later that year, the High Level Panel of Eminent Persons confirmed to the UN Secretary General that ‘any new goals should be accompanied by hr functions essay an independent and rigorous monitoring system, [requiring] a data revolution for sustainable development, with an international initiative to improve the quality of eyre statistics and information available to hr functions, citizens’ ( UNICEF/UNWomen, 2013 : 21; emphasis in original).

This momentum carried through, albeit somewhat imperfectly, into the SDGs framework, which achieved UN consensus in August 2015. This article evaluates the framework in terms of how far that ‘data revolution’ is likely to reach. The term ‘uncounted’ is used to describe a politically motivated failure to count . This takes two main forms. First, there may be people and groups at the sound and the paper the bottom of outsourcing hr functions essay distributions (e.g., income) whose ‘uncounting’ adds another level to their marginalization, for example, where they are absent from statistics that inform policy prioritization. Second, there may be people and groups at eyre help the top of distributions who are further empowered by being able to go uncounted – not least by outsourcing hr functions essay hiding income and wealth from taxation and regulation. In either case, the phenomenon is not a random or arbitrary one. Being uncounted is not generally a matter of coincidence, but reflects power: the lack of donald essay poetry it, or its excess.

As such, the hr functions term ‘data revolution ’ is most appropriate. The implication is coursework help not of a technical reform, but rather of a major political change. If the SDGs were to reach their potential in this regard, a substantial redistribution of essay power is implied. It is donald hall essay poetry argued here that for a range of reasons, both by design and by omission, the SDG framework is likely to go much further in tackling the phenomenon of those who are uncounted at the bottom. There are however a number of developments outside the framework that support some optimism about the uncounted at the top also. Outsourcing? Importantly, there is essay still scope to essay, establish additional mechanisms to strengthen the framework and romeo and juliet, the prospects for empowering political change.

The article is outsourcing organized as follows. The first section outlines the context of development thought within which the MDGs and SDGs were adopted, highlighting the major differences in emphasis. The second section considers the outline implications of the SDG approach, as adopted, for those who are uncounted at the bottom: Will the framework really ‘Leave No One Behind’? The third section assesses those who are left ahead – the hr functions essay uncounted at the top, and eyre coursework help, the extent to which the SDGs may shed light here – in particular from a tax justice perspective. A final section concludes as to the prospects for a post-2015 ‘data revolution’, challenging inequalities and tax injustice, and offers two recommendations to strengthen the framework. Evolution of outsourcing essay development thought: context for MDGs and SDGs.

The history of development thinking can be seen in a series of evolutionary steps in counting. In each stage, mainstream aims have become more nuanced and more relevant to the lived experience of populations. Inevitably, this greater nuance has driven better counting (i.e., better measurement of essay virtue a population’s lived experience). However, the causality runs in both directions because at the same time, better measurement has revealed important realities that have in turn informed different mainstream priorities. The longstanding preoccupation of much development analysis (and policy) has been GDP, and its growth (or at best, GDP per capita and its growth). With important interventions from UNICEF’s Adjustment with a Human Face ( Cornia et al., 1987 ) and UNDP’s (1990) first Human Development Report, this focus on outsourcing hr functions essay poor countries gave way – first to a greater emphasis on non-GDP aspects of national human development, and donald essay, then to a focus instead on people living in poverty. The World Bank promoted extreme income poverty as the central element, from the subsequent 1990 World Development Report ( World Bank, 1990 ), and its ‘dollar-a-day’ measure was eventually adopted as the basis for the target of the first UN MDG in 2000. Alongside (and partly in response to) the focus on absolute, monetary poverty came a much wider and richer analysis of (individual and household) poverty that much more closely reflect the UNICEF and UNDP analysis. Ruggeri-Laderchi et al. (2003) identify three main approaches. The capabilities approach (following Sen, 1999 ) treats poverty as the failure to achieve certain minimal capabilities, rather than as the failure to reach a certain consumption or income level.

While the emphasis remains on absolute achievements, the hr functions essay capabilities approach is necessarily a multidimensional one, going far beyond income as a proxy for hidden faces, utility. The social exclusion approach, which had by far the most important policy role in the European Union, puts greater emphasis on relative aspects of poverty – emphasizing the ability of outsourcing hr functions people to participate in essay virtue, a given society. From this approach tends to follow an understanding of poverty as clearly multidimensional, and significant attention to group characteristics (since these are frequently the outsourcing hr functions basis for exclusion). Finally, the participatory approach seeks to donald essay poetry, elicit views from within communities on the nature and locus of poverty. Important concerns here reflect issues around eliciting views without introducing external bias; ensuring the views that are heard are genuinely representative (a problem that looms ever larger as attempts are made to take this approach to national scale); and inherent problems of self-identification (including, e.g., the hr functions tendency to identify others as [more] poor). A comparison of four approaches to poverty. Social exclusion approach. Unit of analysis. Ideally the individual, de facto the hidden coursework household. Individuals or groups relative to hr functions, others in their community/society.

Groups and individuals within them. Required or minimum standard identified by. Reference to ‘external’ information (defined outside the unit); central element food requirements. Reference to ‘lists’ of dimensions normally assumed to be objectively definable. Reference to those prevailing in society and state obligations. Local people’s own perceptions of well-being and ill-being. Sensitivity to social institutions. None, but assessments can be broken down by group. Emphasis on adequacy rather than sufficiency leaves space for (non-modelled) variations. Reflected in the way poor people analyze their own reality. Importance of processes.

One of the main thrusts of the approach. Critical for achievement of satisfactory methods. Major weaknesses conceptually. Utility is not an adequate measure of well-being, and poverty is not an expository essay instruments, economic category. Elements of arbitrariness in outsourcing essay, choice of basic capabilities, problems of adding up. Broad framework, susceptible to many interpretations, difficult to compare across countries. Whose perceptions are being elicited, and how representative or consistent are they? How does one deal with disagreements? Problems for cross-country comparisons. Comparability of critical essays romeo surveys, of price indices, of drawing poverty lines. Fewer problems if basic capabilities are defined externally, but adding up difficulties make comparisons difficult with inconsistencies according to adding up methodology.

Lines of social exclusion essentially society-specific; also an adding up problem. Cultural difference can make appropriate processes differ across countries, results may not be comparable. Household surveys regularly conducted; omitted observations can be important. Use of hr functions essay national income data – but requires assumptions about jane coursework distribution. Data less regularly collected, but could easily be improved. Currently have to rely on hr functions data collected for other purposes. If agreed on outline basic dimensions, data could be regularly collected. Generally only hr functions small purposive samples. Never available nationally, would be difficult to extend method for regular national data collection. Major weaknesses for eyre coursework, measurement. Needs to be anchored to external elements.

Impossibility of set evaluation. How to deal with multidimensionality even if only outsourcing of basic functionings. Problems with multidimensionality. How comparable? How representative? Challenge of capturing process.

Interpreted by policymakers as requiring. Emphasis on economic growth and distribution of monetary income. Investments in extending basic capabilities/basic needs via monetary incomes and jane help, public services. Foster processes of inclusion, inclusion in outsourcing hr functions, markets and social processes, with particular emphasis on formal labour market. Empowerment of the poor. In both aspects, the MDGs marked a final break from donald essay, seeing development as a problem of hr functions essay ‘poor countries’, and focused instead on poor people. Collier’s (2007) The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It can be seen as something of a throwback.

Its main thesis was subsequently demolished in Sumner’s (2010) work on the ‘new bottom billion’, showing that the majority of extreme income poverty occurred – and had done for some time – in middle- rather than low-income countries, reflecting within-country inequality rather than countries’ absolute poverty. The power of the latter analysis has combined with growing political attention to essay virtue, income and wealth inequalities in donor countries following the 2008 financial crisis (see, e.g., the unexpected prominence of Piketty, 2014 ). But perhaps the strongest current in essay, development thought since the establishment of the essay virtue MDGs has been that focused on group inequalities. Two inter-related strands can be identified: one intellectual, one data-led. Of the outsourcing hr functions former, much credit is due to the pioneering work on horizontal inequalities of Stewart and essays romeo, the Centre for Research into Inequality, Security and Ethnicity at Oxford (see, e.g. Stewart, 2002 ). The MDG Achievement Fund played a major role in funding work that directly addressed potential applications within the hr functions essay SDG framework (in particular Kabeer, 2010 ; Paz Arauco et al., 2014 ). At the same time, the growing availability of relatively consistent survey data has allowed a range of jane coursework help group inequalities to be analyzed. Although the data remain far from outsourcing hr functions, perfect, the effect has been to demonstrate the possibility of a truly global framework with disaggregation in multiple dimensions – as reflected in calls from international NGOs such as Christian Aid (e.g. Cobham et al., 2010 ) and Save the Children (e.g. Coursework? Espey et al., 2012 ; Roche et al., 2015 ). The Multidimensional Poverty Index (e.g. Alkire and outsourcing hr functions, Robles, 2015 ) has also highlighted the potential of survey data, albeit without stressing group inequalities.

In addition, the gender equality goal (MDG 3 of 8) has increasingly been seen as a (perhaps even ‘the’) success story from the MDGs. By playing an important role in making concrete a norm that was still only essay emerging, this in turn set the basis for outsourcing, the group equality norm, which runs through the SDGs, under the banner of ‘Leave No One Behind’, and is the subject of the following section. Finally, note that both the process and the intended financing of the SDGs differ in powerful ways from that for and the research paper outline, the MDGs, and these also reflect the outsourcing hr functions changing currents of development thought. The process was deliberately participatory, and established something much closer to a global conversation (albeit with inevitable issues of access and empowered engagement) than the ‘few white men in a room’ approach that developed the MDG framework from the original Millennium Declaration. Essay Virtue? In keeping with this wider ownership, the essay financing emphasis is very much on domestic resource mobilization (and on tax revenues in critical, particular), rather than foreign aid.

In this broader context of development thought, the SDGs represent an entirely logical evolution from the MDGs – and one in effect mapped out by Ruggeri-Laderchi et al. (2003) . Where the MDGs combined then-dominant monetary poverty and capabilities approaches, the SDGs add important social exclusion dynamics to the framework and in the process at least put rather greater emphasis on participatory approaches. Both aspects demand a step change in counting, in order to address inequalities and power questions. They require data to capture important group disaggregation as well as data to outsourcing hr functions, provide transparency and support accountability. The rest of the article considers how successful the essay virtue framework is likely to be. Uncounted at the bottom: will the SDGs really ‘Leave No One Behind’? ‘As we embark on this great collective journey, we pledge that no one will be left behind. Recognizing that the dignity of the human person is fundamental, we wish to see the Goals and targets met for all nations and peoples and for all segments of society. Outsourcing Hr Functions? And we will endeavour to reach the furthest behind first. SDGs, finalized text for adoption’ (1 August 2015: 3) ‘The next development agenda must ensure that in hall essay, the future neither income nor gender, nor ethnicity, nor disability, nor geography, will determine whether people live or die, whether a mother can give birth safely, or whether her child has a fair chance in life.

We must keep faith with the promise of the MDGs and now finish the job. The MDGs aspired to outsourcing essay, halve poverty. After 2015 we should aspire to put an end to hunger and extreme poverty as well as addressing poverty in all its other forms. This is eyre coursework help a major new commitment to everyone on the planet who feels marginalised or excluded, and to the neediest and most vulnerable people, to make sure their concerns are addressed and that they can enjoy their human rights … To be sure that our actions are helping not just the largest number of people, but the outsourcing essay neediest and most vulnerable, we will need new ways of measuring success.’ ( High Level Panel of hidden faces Eminent Persons, 2013 ) A major criticism of the hr functions MDGs reflected here is that by largely ignoring identity, and targeting aggregate progress instead, the framework actually incentivized greater inequality ( UNICEF, 2015 ). In terms of vertical inequalities, helping those living on US$0.01 a day is almost inevitably harder than tipping those on critical essays and juliet $0.99 a day over essay the line instead.

In terms of horizontal inequalities, although it turns out that countries that reduced these tended to see greater aggregate success (as, e.g., Roche et al., 2015 find in child mortality reduction), this was not obvious ex ante . Donald Essay? Where existing inequalities reflected the balance of power in outsourcing hr functions, a country, and/or were not widely recognized, then a well-meaning pursuit of national progress could easily exacerbate or simply fail to address them. The social exclusion impetus of the SDGs is intended to ensure that identity is well recognized from the outset; and that disaggregated data support accountability for addressing group inequalities. These are the final of the 169 targets: Data, monitoring and critical, accountability. 17.18. Hr Functions? By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in the sound, national contexts.

17.19. By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement GDP, and outsourcing, support statistical capacity-building in developing countries. Two main risks can be identified: first, that the core data necessary simply are not collected; and second, that the essay instruments data are collected but characterized by such systematic weaknesses as to undermine the aims of inclusion from the outset. Analysis to date has largely focused on the first risk, and on the technical and financial aspects (rather than the political). Probably the most common interpretation of the ‘data revolution’ call has been as requiring a major increase in the coverage and frequency of household surveys – in order to essay, establish that ‘neither income nor gender, nor ethnicity, nor disability, nor geography’ remain determinants of coursework major human development outcomes. Alkire and Samman (2014 : 35) compare possible data sources and conclude that ‘traditional in-depth survey programmes accompanied by interim surveys have the greatest potential’. Jerven (2014) suggests that the costs of such a survey push would be prohibitive. He estimates the cost of a full MDG data package at around $1 billion a year, extrapolating on a simple per-target basis to hr functions, suggest a total figure for eyre coursework help, the SDGs of as much as $254 billion (or around two and a half times the annual aid budget).

Sandefur and Demombynes (2014) , however, conclude that this is overblown. In practice, they suggest that the total of international donor assistance needed is outsourcing hr functions essay of the order of $300 million per jane coursework help year – much of which is already provided, so should not be seen as additional for the SDGs. Less prominently analyzed in the post-2015 context is the range of hr functions systematic weaknesses in current survey (and national census) data. Carr-Hill (2013 , 2014 ) has led the way in assessing the extent to which particular groups are excluded, either by design or by sampling failures. Household surveys by design exclude those who are not part of households, specifically: homeless populations; those in institutions (hospitals and prisons); and, highly mobile populations, including nomadic and pastoralist groups. In addition, there is significant under-representation in and juliet, practice of three further groups (all of which experience some level of insecurity or fragility): those living in outsourcing hr functions essay, informal settlements; those from households that are fragile and/or disjointed; and, those living in relatively insecure areas. Overall, albeit using inevitably somewhat crude estimates, Carr-Hill (2013) identifies the potential scale of the problem as affecting 300–350 million people. While a randomly distributed undersampling of perhaps 5 percent of the essay virtue global population might not be a grave concern, a common feature of the groups in question is the outsourcing hr functions essay likelihood of their being overwhelmingly over-represented at the bottom of the relevant income distributions.

Quality of water sources, urban populations of sub-Saharan Africa. A separate failing of survey data relates to the identities that are captured. On the whole, surveys tend to allow regional and urban–rural disaggregation. Faces Coursework? Often, although not always, ethnolinguistic disaggregation is also possible. The long-standing problem of gender disaggregation remains, since important (especially economic) data may be captured at the household rather than the individual level. Perhaps the most egregious failing of surveys in respect of the groups identified in the SDGs, however, relates to persons living with disabilities. Here there has been a persistent failure, if anything worsening over outsourcing time.

Samman and Rodriguez-Takeuchi (2013) address disabilities in survey data, and the somehow parallel issues of mental health and old age. In each case, the authors highlight scale and identify associations with poverty. Donald Hall Essay Poetry? People over hr functions 60 make up 11 percent of the global population, and households they head are likely to have lower incomes; and hidden, that mental health disorders affect 450 million people, although the comparative lack of study and data mean that any link to poverty or poor development outcomes is less clear. An estimated 15–20 percent of the world’s population lives with some form of disability, including those resulting from mental health issues, and the disability is considered severe for an estimated 2–4 percent of the global population. Essay? People living with disabilities are again more likely to be income-poor and to be excluded in a range of other ways. Essays? In the hr functions essay United Kingdom, for example, where major data challenges remain, it is estimated that women living with learning disabilities died 20 years earlier than the general population, and men with learning disabilities 13 years earlier ( Heslop et al., 2013 ). Samman and Rodriguez-Takeuchi (2013) also show that the three groups are undercounted, and often completely uncounted, with the main surveys conducted.

There are issues in coursework, terms of essay coverage (e.g., these groups may be more likely to live outside formal households, a problem discussed above) and the extent of information collected (not least, whose opinion is sought about conditions affecting household members). Eyre Coursework Help? However, the biggest issues relate to identification. Are the right questions being asked of sufficient numbers of hr functions people to coursework help, obtain representative data? Almost without exception – and above all for disabilities and mental health – the answer is no. Essay? For example, disability questions are typically not included (sometimes with the justification that necessary over-sampling to obtain representative data would be prohibitively expensive). Where disability questions have been included, the form has been weak. For example, ‘Is [NAME] physically or mentally handicapped or disabled?’ Such questions will tend to identify only jane help severe, and typically more physically visible, disabilities, while issues of stigma may undermine even this identification.

There is now fairly broad consensus – although only limited practical use – of the minimum six-question approach proposed by the UN’s Washington Group on Statistics, which instead puts the emphasis on hr functions self-reporting of essays romeo actual capabilities: Do you have difficulty seeing even if wearing glasses? Do you have difficulty hearing even if using hearing aid/s or are you deaf? Do you have difficulty walking or climbing stairs? Do you have difficulty remembering or concentrating? Do you have difficulty (with self-care such as) washing all over or dressing?

Do you have difficulty communicating (for example, understanding or being understood by others)? Question response categories: No, Some, A lot, and hr functions essay, Unable. Extended versions exist, but reasons of cost may prevent their widespread use in surveys that must address multiple issues. The areas of old age, mental health and – above all – disability, are ones in which being uncounted represents very clearly a further marginalization. Progress will require new approaches that condemn such exclusion to the past, and generate the data even to assess whether these groups are included in any individual SDG achievements. Survey data are of course not the only options.

Outlining elements of a solution to the sound and the fury outline, the systematic omissions he identifies, Carr-Hill (2013) highlights the importance of accurate census data, both as a central element of national statistics in their own right and as the basis to assess and possibly to reweight survey findings. By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration. Dunning et al. (2014) note three reasons: that recognized identity supports the establishment of (at least notional) rights vis-a-vis a state; that it facilitates (practical) access to state services; and third, to support better data. Thus, as with broader aspects of counting, it is both means and hr functions essay, end to development progress. Once again, the uncounted are not an arbitrary group: ‘it is no accident that those lacking birth registration and legal identity are typically the most vulnerable people in the poorest countries’ ( Dunning et al., 2014 : 3). This includes an estimated 750 million children under 16, of whom around 230 million are under 5. Coursework? A further 70 million registered children are estimated to have no birth certificate. By 2030, all countries at least halve the percentage of unregistered births for children younger than five and reduce the average age of birth registration. By 2030, ensure that all individuals have well-defined and recognized legal identity by the time they become adult (15–18) A further set of concerns relate to the linkages between legal identity and essay, citizenship ( Bloom, 2015 ). These include the general risk that attention to legal identity exacerbates the problems faced by those who are stateless (e.g., that they may receive an identity that confers illegal status, in jane help, effect; or that the outsourcing hr functions SDGs’ emphasis on accountability to citizens may exclude them more comprehensively even than presently).

The need to ensure rights regardless of essay virtue legal identity or citizenship is not made generally explicit (although migrants are explicitly included in some targets). Overall, as far as the uncounted at the bottom are concerned, there is reason to be cautiously optimistic about the SDGs. The driving force of the social exclusion approach has resulted in a clear focused on group inequalities, and so the proposed data revolution may go a long way to improving identity-based development statistics. The underpinning political drivers cannot be ignored, however, and nor should they be expected simply to dissolve in the face of UN consensus. There is no coincidence in the fact that so many of the outsourcing hr functions essay groups about whom data is now sought, but currently unavailable, have been unable to exert the hidden effective political demand to outsourcing, be counted. This may reflect a widespread lack of understanding or concern, for example, as is likely to be the essay virtue case worldwide for persons living with disabilities. It may reflect embedded political dynamics, for outsourcing hr functions, example, such as that facing indigenous populations in countries from Australia to Canada that result in what the UN Special Rapporteur refers to as ‘nearly universal disadvantageous social and economic conditions’ ( OHCHR, 2014 ); or something more targeted such as the apparently deliberate marginalization of multiple regions and ethnolinguistic groups in Sudan ( Cobham, 2005 ). 1.

In the last section, I consider some possibilities to support greater progress, reflecting the political nature of the obstacles. Before doing that, it is essential to essay poetry, explore the role of the outsourcing SDGs in respect of uncounted phenomenon related to the top of the distribution. Uncounted at donald hall the top: hidden inequalities and tax justice. At the other end of the hr functions distribution are phenomena that go uncounted because of an excess of power: tax abuses of individuals and companies; the financial secrecy provided by jurisdictions including some of the richest that undermine tax and the rule of law in jane eyre coursework, others including the poorest; and the hidden criminality of private and public sector corruption. In addition, more prosaic forms of going uncounted also contribute to obscure actual inequality. The SDG approach to illicit financial flows (IFFs) is essay considered below, but the immediate concern relates to the treatment of vertical inequalities. The most relevant goals and targets are as follows. Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries. 10.1. By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the essay virtue bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average.

10.2. By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status. 10.4. Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality. Fully capturing the distribution at the top is outsourcing essay necessary to assess the extent to coursework, which growth is inclusive, and to ensure that fiscal policies progressively achieve greater equality. Cobham et al. (2015a) lay out three main ways in outsourcing essay, which income inequality in particular is hidden. First, higher-income households are undersampled in surveys (commonly because of refusal to participate). Increasingly, a remedy can be found through administrative tax data – as now brought together for a growing number of coursework help countries in outsourcing essay, the World Top Incomes Database by Alvaredo et al. (2015) . Using such tax data appears to add in the order of poetry 3–6 percentage points to the resulting Gini coefficient, for hr functions, national (e.g., for the United States, Korinek et al., 2005 ) or global data ( Anand and Segal, 2014 ).

Second, tax data is itself likely to be systematically biased downwards, because of the critical and juliet under-reporting of hr functions essay incomes associated with tax evasion. Zucman (2013) estimates that undeclared assets held offshore may amount to as much as 10 percent of global GDP. Forthcoming analysis ( Cobham et al., 2015b ) using IFF (rather than stock) estimates suggests that the eyre coursework resulting adjustment to outsourcing, national Gini coefficients for undeclared incomes may be of the same order as that found by donald allowing for declared incomes via administrative tax data. The third way in which the true extent of income inequality can be hidden relates to hr functions essay, the choice of measure. The relative insensitivity of the expository on musical instruments Gini coefficient to the tails of the distribution has long been recognized ( Atkinson, 1973 ). Outsourcing Hr Functions? Cobham and Sumner (2013a , 2013b ) demonstrate that the Gini is also relatively insensitive at higher levels of inequality.

In addition, these papers provide evidence that such is the relative stability (across countries and over time) of the essay virtue income share of deciles 5–9 that despite its oversensitivity here that a regression of the Gini on outsourcing essay the bottom 40 percent and top 10 percent income shares alone produces near-perfect fit. That same stability supports Palma’s (2006 , 2011 ) findings, and the proposal of Cobham and Sumner (2013a , 2013b ) for an alternative inequality measure, the Palma ratio: the faces coursework ratio of national income shares of the top 10 percent to the bottom 40 percent, since this is where most income inequality actually occurs. Per Atkinson (1973) , no single measure of inequality is hr functions without subjective implications; the hidden best we can do is to be aware of that which we use. Although the same two income shares drive the Gini coefficient in practice also, it occurs in a somewhat obscure and opaque way. In the hr functions Palma ratio, by contrast, it is direct and transparent. The subtitle of Palma’s (2011) paper is ‘The share of the rich is what it’s all about’. What is disappointing about the income inequality measure in the SDGs is that it obscures the hall share of the rich almost completely.

As discussed above, the centrality of social exclusion as the development approach behind the SDG framework results in great emphasis on group inequalities, and in particular on marginalized groups. Hr Functions? Those relatively favoured groups do not necessarily come into such stark contrast, in particular if the progress of marginalized groups is compared with national averages rather than that of the most advantaged groups. This logic reaches a nadir in the ‘income inequality’ target. The relationship between the bottom 40 percent, deciles 5–9 and the top 10 percent shares of national income is such that, in general, the coursework target of higher income growth for the bottom 40 percent than for outsourcing essay, the mean is likely to be associated with reductions in hidden, the Palma or Gini – but it is hr functions unclear why such a circular and complex route is critical essays romeo preferred to, for example, the Doyle and Stiglitz (2014) proposal of hr functions essay targeting a Palma ratio of 1, in each country, by 2030. The uncounted nature of some part of top-end incomes introduces no less important a bias in essays romeo and juliet, the SDG target than it would in a Palma target, only that it is somewhat hidden. ‘There has been some criticism that the essay focus on the growth rate of the per hidden faces coursework capita income of the poorest 40 percent ignores inequality. This criticism is misplaced. Since each nation already tracks the growth rate of the per capita income of its entire population and these data are widely available, as soon as we see the growth rate of the bottom 40 percent next to this figure, it will be immediately obvious as to whether the poorest 40 percent is hr functions falling off from the rest or catching up. The fact that this is not combined into a single ratio means little, since the ratio is all too obvious. Moreover, there is some literature showing that what the poorest 40 percent loses goes largely to the top 10 percent of the population.’ ( Palma, 2011 ; Green, 2012 ) It was perhaps inevitable that the jane coursework help World Bank’s measure would not be taken directly into the SDGs, when its defenders begin by recognizing that only as a ratio can it speak to inequality. It seems at best unfortunate, however, to set a target that would loosely equate to hr functions essay, a reduction in inequality, with no attention paid to critical and juliet, the starting point.

Given the hr functions essay universal nature of the SDGs, does it make sense for a country where the bottom 40 percent earn more than the top 10 percent (i.e., Palma1) face the same target as a country where the essay top 10 percent earn perhaps five or six times as much? Ultimately, the compromise between ‘shared prosperity’ and essay, a Palma target is an the sound and the fury paper, unsatisfactory one. The SDG position reflects clear progress from the absolute income focus of the MDGs, of course, but there is a sense of having ducked an important possibility. Returning to IFFs, a somewhat similar conclusion may be reached. In theory, MDG 8 (Develop a global partnership for development), and target 8A in particular, may be relevant: ‘Develop further an outsourcing essay, open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and faces, financial system’. In practice, MDG 8 has been excoriated as badly designed, little measured and largely unaccountable; and 8A stands out even here. Not only outsourcing essay is the hidden target not SMART (arguably, it meets none of the criteria at all: certainly it is neither specific nor measurable); there is also no single indicator in the framework that relates. Overall, the MDGs focused strongly on aid and had no space for domestic taxation; and included no references beyond the vague wording of 8A to the transparent or fair operation of international finance and trade. 17.1.

Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection. Note the somewhat ambiguous recognition of the international nature of the problem. Some (non-aid donor) countries had apparently pushed for outsourcing, clarity over international responsibility, for example, in jane eyre, respect of full inclusion of developing countries in the exchange of tax information; some (donor) countries rejected this, allowing instead the language on support that could be interpreted as technical assistance in-country alone. This year has seen studies from both UNCTAD (2015 , for the World Investment Report) and the Fiscal Affairs Department of the International Monetary Fund ( Crivelli et al., 2015 ) highlighting the scale of revenue losses associated with profit-shifting by multinational groups. The former suggests that investment structures (including intra-group lending) through conduit jurisdictions results in a loss for developing countries of around $100 billion annually. The latter suggests that overall profit-shifting might have twice that impact, as well as causing around $500 billion of annual revenue losses for OECD countries. The fact that such estimates (based variously on outsourcing statistics on tax revenues, FDI income and corporate tax rates) are currently the best guide for policy reflects a further aspect of uncounted. Current corporate reporting rules do not provide for country-by-country information on the economic activities and tax paid by multinational groups; and without this, neither the multinationals nor national tax authorities can be effectively held accountable for essay poetry, their approaches. The first analysis and hr functions essay, advocacy priority of the expository essay on musical then nascent Tax Justice Network in 2003 was for public country-by-country reporting ( Murphy, 2003 ). Hr Functions? Ten years later, with increasing pressure from essay virtue, media revelations about corporate tax abuse such as ‘LuxLeaks’, the G8 and G20 groups of countries called for the OECD to develop just such a standard, which it has now done ( OECD, 2014 ). At present, however, the outsourcing essay information generated (potentially by every multinational group) will only be supplied to individual tax authorities – so while some abuses may become visible and be addressed, there will be no greater public accountability of either multinationals or tax authorities. A related area for international support of domestic tax capacity, again data-dependent, is the exchange of tax information between jurisdictions.

This was the second of the Tax Justice Network’s original priorities, and essay virtue, again was adopted by the G8 and G20 some ten years later, and the OECD mandated to deliver. Hr Functions Essay? The automatic provision of information is seen as a powerful mechanism to essay virtue, minimize the hiding of taxable wealth and incomes in other jurisdictions including tax havens. Despite assurances to the contrary, however, it seems likely that the main beneficiaries will be OECD member states, while many developing countries may remain excluded from full participation. In addition, there are currently no plans in place to outsourcing, ensure consistent partially aggregated is published on the scale of bilateral holdings – so once again, the scope for accountability of tax authorities, or indeed of jurisdictions for their contribution to international financial transparency, or opacity. The lack of indicators in the SDGs, or indeed in the Financing for Development document, suggests again a missed opportunity to support domestic tax capacity – this time by improving the essay virtue counting of outsourcing elites’ offshore incomes. As noted, the essay underlying assets are likely to represent a material share of world GDP, and to outsourcing, have significant implications for recorded inequality. 16.4. By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and expository instruments, return of stolen assets, and combat all forms of outsourcing hr functions organized crime. ‘We will redouble efforts to substantially reduce illicit financial flows by 2030, with a view to eventually eliminating them, including by combating tax evasion and corruption through strengthened national regulation and fury research outline, increased international cooperation.’ ( UN, 2015 : 8) The dictionary definition of illicit is ‘forbidden by law, rules or custom’; that is, it goes beyond narrow illegality. The consistent feature of IFFs – those that are certainly illegal, such as cross-border money-laundering and outsourcing hr functions essay, tax evasion, and that those may be legal but are socially unacceptable such as the most egregious tax avoidance (or unproven evasion) of some multinational companies – is the use of financial secrecy to prevent public visibility.

A typology of IFFs and on musical, immediate impacts. Impact on state funds. Impact on hr functions state effectiveness. Exploit subsidy regime. (Re)patriate undeclared capital. Shift undeclared (licit) income/profit. Shift criminal proceeds out. Evade capital controls (including on profit repatriation) (Re)patriate undeclared capital.

Shift undeclared (licit) income/profit. Shift criminal proceeds out. Evade capital controls (including on profit repatriation) Shift undeclared (licit) income/profit. Shift undeclared (licit) income/profit. Shift criminal proceeds out.

Evade capital controls (including on hall essay poetry profit repatriation) (Re)patriate undeclared capital. Hide market dominance. Hide political involvement. Evade capital controls (including on outsourcing profit repatriation) Shift undeclared (licit) income/profit. Shift criminal proceeds out. Hide political involvement.

(If no expectation of repayment, or if under-priced) Public asset theft (illegitimate allocation of jane eyre help state funds) (If state illegitimate, or if over-priced) Public asset theft (illegitimate creation of state liabilities) Related party lending. Shift undeclared (licit) income/profit. Related party borrowing. Shift undeclared (licit) income/profit. Public asset sales. Public asset theft. Hide market dominance. Hide political involvement.

Public asset theft. Hide market dominance. Hide political involvement. Offshore ownership transfer. Note : ‘IFF type’ defined as: 1 – market/regulatory abuse, 2 – tax abuse, 3 – abuse of power, including theft of state funds, 4 – proceeds of crime. As the outsourcing essay table illustrates, each form can occur via multiple channels (from, e.g., mispricing of trade to the use of anonymous shell companies); and each channel can be used for more than one form of illicit flow. Jane Help? As a result, precise estimates are difficult. The leading estimates of outsourcing total IFFs come from expository, Global Financial Integrity ( Kar and essay, Spanjers, 2014 ), and combine a ‘hot money’ component reflecting capital account anomalies with a ‘misinvoicing’ component reflecting trade anomalies. While there are criticisms of each, and expository essay on musical instruments, alternatives in specific areas where more detailed trade data, for example, has been available ( Pak and Zdanowicz, 2000 ), Global Financial Integrity has long set the challenge to international institutions to do better. As yet, none have attempted it. One major benefit of the SDG target then – vague and currently unmeasured as it is – is essay that it may finally prompt action, perhaps from the World Bank or the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or ideally a broader collaboration including NGO expertise, to establish a methodology around which consensus can be formed.

Ideally, such an approach would come closer to essays romeo and juliet, the breadth of IFF in hr functions essay, Table 3 , and the work cited by UNCTAD and IMF researchers on multinational tax losses could well form a part. In any event, if there is to be accountability for jane, progress, a necessary first step is to count IFF more effectively. Conclusions and policy recommendations. This article has considered the new SDGs framework in the context of the evolution in development thought since 2000. The greater emphasis on outsourcing social exclusion and participatory approaches to romeo, poverty has been seen to underpin the framework’s attention to power and to inequalities, which represent important shifts from the focus on outsourcing hr functions essay absolute income poverty and basic capabilities that characterized the MDGs. If this shift is to gain traction in policy terms, and to drive meaningful rebalancing of political power as is essays and juliet implied, then the much-heralded data revolution will truly be required. Hr Functions Essay? While there are many technical and financial challenges to achieve this, such a revolution is fundamentally political – and so too are the obstacles. The thesis of ‘uncounted’ put forward here asserts that marginalized groups are often further excluded by essay virtue their absence from statistics used for policy or in public debate, while elites may be further empowered by their lack of visibility. In both cases, technical fixes alone will not address the political reasons for the inequalities – but genuine progress on essay counting can be a powerful step towards addressing the coursework help wider inequalities.

Two proposals are put forward, with the common aim of strengthening the political accountability of the counting that the hr functions essay framework requires. The first relates primarily to the uncounted at the bottom, the second to critical essays romeo and juliet, the uncounted at the top. Who will count those who themselves are counting? A major risk is hr functions that states and/or elites will either actively suppress the collation or publication of data on uncomfortable inequalities (note 1), or more through inertia simply fail to prioritize sufficiently the counting of those who are in expository, fact most marginalized (consider, e.g., the hr functions essay failures globally in relation to research outline, persons with learning disabilities, and indigenous populations; or the effective absence of elites from outsourcing essay, much income distribution data). At a minimum, reporting structures should be put in place so that the presence or absence of reporting, in relation to each inequality type relevant to each target, is poetry itself reported . Outsourcing Hr Functions Essay? This would facilitate the comparison and and juliet, ranking of the extent of uncounted phenomena, by issue; by inequality type and/or group; and by outsourcing hr functions country and hidden coursework, region. Is health better counted than income poverty?

Is counting with respect to disabilities catching up or falling further behind? Which countries are leading, and which trailing, and why? Are there financial issues holding back overall progress, or more political aspects leaving individual groups or thematic areas uncounted? Sometimes, such analysis is likely to outsourcing essay, reveal legitimate prioritizations; in other cases, making the effective choices visible will ensure greater accountability, and a more participatory approach to future decisions. Equivalent accountability should be put in place for national statistical offices (NSOs) also, to essay poetry, track the essay extent to which they deliver their share of the necessary data.

Here the importance is as much to support the independence of NSOs from domestic political pressure, as to hold them accountable themselves. To this end, the global framework might usefully be augmented by the addition of annual indicators for each country of the de facto and de jure independence of NSOs, as are often constructed for central bank independence, for example. Even with the convoluted income inequality target 10.1, it remains the essays romeo and juliet case that if those at the top are uncounted then it is impossible to know if those at the bottom are being left behind or otherwise. While there may be more political discomfort to a focus on top incomes, or other development outcomes – and perhaps exactly because of that discomfort – it is important that these groups do not remain uncounted, if the SDGs are to deliver their promise. A specific aspect of uncounted at the top relates to the inclusion or otherwise of data on essay offshore assets and incomes to lower-income countries, and the publication or otherwise of partial aggregates for accountability of both taxpayers and expository essay on musical instruments, tax authorities, along with the essay country-by-country reporting of multinationals for exactly the same reasons. Much like the non-aid commitments of donor countries in MDG 8, the essay virtue G8 has yet to essay, deliver on its promises of 2013 to ensure full inclusion of developing countries in tax information exchange.

The SDGs and Financing for Development outcome document have, in the end, delivered somewhat less of a shift in power than might have been hoped. Jane Help? Neither, for example, has required the publication of country-by-country reporting data; and the latter narrowly failed to deliver an intergovernmental tax body with the power to strengthen cooperation. For each country and jurisdiction, on what proportion of foreign-owned assets and to outsourcing hr functions essay, the states of what proportion of the world’s population, are they providing tax information bilaterally to others? For each country and jurisdiction, from which countries and jurisdictions are they receiving tax information bilaterally? For each country and jurisdiction receiving information, what proportion and volume of revealed assets were already declared by hall essay the taxpayer, and what resolution has reached each year in respect of the remainder? For each country and jurisdiction, for multinationals making up what proportion of the declared multinational tax base is country-by-country reporting publicly available? For each country and jurisdiction, are they contributing to the World Top Incomes Database or elsewhere publishing equivalent data and/or adjusted income distribution data? There are of course a range of other areas in which SDG-related efforts to tackle the problems of the uncounted would be valuable. For potential adoption from the outset, however, these two proposals could be quickly implemented and offer immediate support to outsourcing hr functions essay, existing stated intentions. The SDGs offer the promise of the greatest, global challenge to systematic power inequalities.

A true data revolution would overcome the deep-rooted political underpinnings to the intertwined problem of the uncounted. The paper shows the pattern by combining regionally disaggregated data on jane health and outsourcing essay, education outcomes, with equivalently disaggregated fiscal data published by the IMF in the early 2000s. Donald Essay? When the IMF published a report nearly ten years later using updated data ( Abdoun et al., 2012 ), and I requested it, they delayed repeatedly – apparently because the Sudanese government was doing the same in response to the IMF’s request for permission. Ultimately, the hr functions essay data was not made available to expository essay, me – or, presumably, to any Sudanese or other citizen with an interesting in exploring these questions. The author is grateful for comments from participants and discussants at seminars and conferences at outsourcing hr functions Birmingham, Columbia, Heriot-Watt, NYU Law School and at hidden coursework the Pan-African Conference on Inequalities in the Context of Structural Transformation in hr functions, Accra. There are no affiliations available.

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Top 10 Details to Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of nursing resumes. Unfortunately, the vast majority of them were missing multiple details that were important to the Nurse Managers and Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the hiring decisions. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in today’s hiring process. Outsourcing Hr Functions. We hope the information provided here will help you create an amazing resume! First, it’s important to have an idea of how the hiring process typically works in order to thoroughly understand the importance of these critical details. Expository On Musical Instruments. When a job opens up to the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of resumes. In some cases, the outsourcing hr functions resumes are electronically ranked by essay virtue, Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for resumes that include the hr functions essay critical skills and experiences sought for the job. In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the rankings and resumes and pass along the and the paper outline “best” candidates to the hiring managers.

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Including the degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is a must. Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from consideration. This is because the and the fury research paper outline information is often required for the resume to move through the process and it isn’t easily attainable by the staffing office. Essay. So, they’ll often pass on a resume that doesn’t include the information in favor one that does. Provide at least the following information about your education: Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and hall poetry, State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the hr functions earlier you are in essay virtue your career, so keep that in mind when crafting the outsourcing hr functions education section of your resume.

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Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the specific job description in critical essays romeo and juliet your resume’s Work History section, or in your resume’s Summary. For example, if the job listing you’re applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to identify your trauma experience in the resume Summary to hr functions essay, make it stand out. Include the number of total beds at the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of expository essay on musical instruments, beds in the specific units on which you worked. Just like the facility type, providing the number of beds tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the outsourcing unit.

Unfortunately, only people who work at that facility know what that means. Romeo And Juliet. Instead, include the type of unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to convey the message. We can’t stress enough how important this is. Also include your caseload. Essay. What was the nurse to patient ratio in this unit, and how much support was there in the form of LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well. Did the donald unit take trauma patients? Did the outsourcing essay unit routinely deal with overflow from hidden coursework, other units?

If so, what types of patients were seen from overflow? 1. Hr Functions Essay. Specific Details/Duties and Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to this point, the essay on musical focus has been on incidental, although very important, details. But what about the outsourcing hr functions meat of expository essay, your resume, the job descriptions and experiences that make up the bulk of your resume? When it comes to this, nurses are in outsourcing hr functions essay the precarious position of essay virtue, balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven. Hr Functions Essay. The idea is that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and tangible results for your current and previous employers. Advocates of essay virtue, this approach advise against listing duties on your resume. However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to the job you’re applying for. At the same time, they too want to know about outsourcing hr functions your accomplishments. Essay Poetry. Therefore, it’s important to essay, include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed.

However, at the same time, you don’t want to fall into essay the trap of creating a “duties-driven resume”. Outsourcing. Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes. Before we continue, it’s best to essay virtue, address the 800 pound gorilla in outsourcing this conversation. Jane Eyre Coursework. Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to list because you certainly can’t list them all? We hate to say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is a complete waste of hr functions essay, space. Essay Virtue. It’s simply too general.

Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in nursing resumes. Hr Functions Essay. In reality, the differences are stark between various facilities. For example, the Step-Down Unit at one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to consider when determining the essay virtue types of duties to include on your resume. Outsourcing. This list is not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the critical level of specificity that we’re talking about: Did you start IVs? Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for?

Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho? Rehab? What was the age range of the patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with? Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps?

Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is among the most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements. Outsourcing. There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to make note of those that were used by hall poetry, your previous employers. Now, we’re still in the tough spot of outsourcing, determining exactly which skills and duties to on musical, include on the resume. First, start by including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on the employer in question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list. Use the company website, news, and outsourcing essay, any professional connections you have in hidden coursework an effort to determine the essay types of patients, processes and essay virtue, procedures common to the specific employer in question.

Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of ways to convey them on your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the duties into your “accomplishment statements”. We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. While this is less preferred, it is sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way. Your summary is a good place for essay, this. For example, you might include the following in your resume summary if you’re applying for a position in the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and hidden, other cardiovascular medications. Bonus: Given the large number of skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search.

Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to outsourcing essay, over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and downloaded as PDF documents. You can view a sample here. They’re a great way to convey your skills to potential employers. Expository Essay. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for outsourcing, jobs or you can bring them to research paper outline, your job interviews. Considerations for Accomplishments. Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at accomplishments. First, you can try to frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in order to knock them both out at outsourcing hr functions essay the same time. In other words, offer an explanation about faces coursework how you achieved results while performing your duties.

Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations: Did you receive recognition or awards from your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to that? When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to know how your previous and current employers quantified their success as an organization. Outsourcing Hr Functions Essay. For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey.

Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that? Next, it’s important to and the research outline, understand how your current and outsourcing essay, former employers measured your individual performance as this is very helpful when framing accomplishments. Hall Essay Poetry. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations. Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements. Again, you may choose to list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to frame the duties within your accomplishment statements.

Or you may choose a combination of the two approaches. In any case, it’s important to provide both job-specific duties and accomplishments on your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to outsourcing, know what other skill sets you have outside of your primary area of expertise. Did you float to and the paper outline, the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to provide some reference to hr functions, the skills and accomplishments you achieved in these areas. General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into a standard resume.

However, nursing is not a standard profession and concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the donald hall advent of Applicant Tracking Systems. Moreover, the push to force nursing and healthcare resumes to conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to hr functions, both healthcare professionals and employers. Essay Virtue. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and experience that are highly sought after. As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates. This push toward generalized conformity is even prevalent on the most popular job boards, like Monster and CareerBuilder, and outsourcing, professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of recording healthcare specific career details as well as the ability to print the research paper outline profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals. So it’s like a cloud based resume service. It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently. As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated.

Please let us know what you think by posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who. How to Write the Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary? Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or. I am wondering how to list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from mom baby, to peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu.

How do i go about addressing those different areas and responsibilities and outsourcing essay, skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. Essays Romeo And Juliet. This site is of so much help to me. thank you, and it is also free. Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at essay a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for expository, a job in an ICU. The locations and facility i am looking at essay have nothing for donald hall, experience nurses, but have a lot of positions for new nurses that want to work in ICU. I just want to apply to outsourcing hr functions, the new nurse position and i really don’t mind the pay. Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the expository instruments position is for new grads. please i will really appreciate any advise. thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC on my resume. Can I include it on my credentials area on top of my resume – following my name and degree?

I ask because the ANCC instructs to outsourcing hr functions, do so on their website. I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at least to hidden, me. I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and outsourcing, RN licensure are, etc. I just wanted it to stand out and pop so to speak – as to not have to read on to notice it. On ANCC site, on a “How to hall poetry, Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified). Was hoping you could clarify or add something else. Great web site … thanks. Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for the delay! Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and should be listed after your name at the top of your resume and in the Licenses and outsourcing hr functions, Certifications section of your resume. The order for critical essays romeo, listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards.

I hope this helps! I have been working out of the acute care setting in public health nursing for outsourcing hr functions essay, 7 years. I have heard over critical romeo and over that because I have been out of the acute care setting for outsourcing hr functions, so long that I don’t qualify for a lot of the essay virtue positions that I have applied for. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for outsourcing, the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood. I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and hall, I am really not happy with my current job.

I am unsure of how to make my resume “pop” and hr functions, have prospective employers want to give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Any ideas. Kurt, I am an RN at a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry. One of the biggest hurdles to jane eyre, applying at any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an online application portal. Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for your desired role in outsourcing hr functions your application can be the difference between getting an interview and essay virtue, being passed over.

Hope this helps! In your article you talked about whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. I’m working on applying for a position that is hr functions open for an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program. I was wondering if this would be something that is good to include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for the hospital’s certification/recognition. If so, how would you go about the sound and the fury outline including that in hr functions without making it seem just a random fact listed and make it more as an accomplishment for myself also since I was a part of that unit/team during that time. Thanks for hidden faces coursework, the inquiry, Jessica. Essay. Yes, this is faces definitely something you can include on your resume. If you feel that you’re not able to expand in outsourcing essay a way that adequately describes your role in the achievement, then you may want to expand in your cover letter. On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of faces coursework, your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor. For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score.

You may also want to include this in your summary as opposed to the job description to hr functions, make it stand out a little more. I hope this helps! I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in just about every surgery setting from Open heart to Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the past I have managed a surgery department at a busy hospital and also ran a surgery center. I have been fortunate to have been able to expository essay on musical, take off time to stay home and be with my children. That being said, I am worried about the years off and blank space on hr functions essay my resume. How would you go about filling in the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from organizing an Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR. My license and continuing CEU’s have always rained current. Do you think this will make it difficult for me as I try entering the hidden faces coursework job setting? I appreciate any suggestions you might have.

Thanks for the inquiry. There is no steadfast rule on hr functions how to essay virtue, handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on outsourcing hr functions essay skills instead of experiences. In your case, you would focus on all of essays, your OR experience. You might have a small section to list your previous employers. or you may even choose to outsourcing essay, leave it out entirely. There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on the internet.

Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the entries in your chronological work history. You could include details on the experiences mentioned in your comment on this blog post. Again, there is no right or wrong way. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. The Sound And The Research Paper. To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of challenge. However, experienced nurses are in high demand at the moment, so you should be fine. Also, I’m personally inclined to recommend the chronological format.

The main advantage of essay, Functional Resumes in this particular case is to expository essay instruments, draw attention to outsourcing, your skills and away from the gap in recent experience. However, employers are going to find the gap no matter what. So, I think it’s best to embrace it. With the chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in jane eyre coursework home health and corrections for hr functions essay, about 5 years now. I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and removal. IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes.

I have responded to essay virtue, chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and outsourcing hr functions, unresponsive patients. I have worked in essay poetry a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to make my experience fit into what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. How important are listing awards? I have numerous military awards based on my work ethics and essay, performance on the job, but I am afraid that the general public is hidden faces not going to have any idea what they are or mean. Also, any good tips on turning military missions into hr functions civilian language? Thanks for your service!! I think it’s a great idea to add the essays and juliet awards to outsourcing hr functions, your resume. You could do one of eyre, two things. Simply list them out by their official name.

There’s a good chance that the reviewer will search for the award on outsourcing hr functions the internet and find it. Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in hidden faces parentheses. For example: X Award (earned for valor in essay action). Either way, if you have a lot of awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards. If you choose to list many of faces coursework, them, then put them in columns or in a continuous stream separated by commas to save space. Conveying your military experience in civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in essay a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the technical expertise to provide detailed recommendations. That said, I’d recommend reviewing the job descriptions for the jobs you’re applying for use them to guide your efforts whenever possible. I hope this helps and thanks again! I have a position working in a “float pool” (we call it the Mobile Unit).

The unit is split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for jane eyre help, me to cover all of outsourcing hr functions essay, this detail without leaving a lot out or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet. Jane Eyre Help. My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer.

This is a great question; thanks for posting it here! You’re right, you’re probably not going to be able to convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for your nursing resume. Essay. So, you’ll need to critical essays romeo, offer some general details as well as some specific details. When it comes to specifics, it’s best to tailor your resume to hr functions essay, the specific job you’re applying for. Coursework. Find out outsourcing, what they’re looking for and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience. I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to essay on musical instruments, generalizations, you could offer a description similar to outsourcing, the one you’ve provided here. The Sound. For example: I worked on hr functions a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for Med/Surg patients 50% of the help time and ICU patients 50% of the time. The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT.

The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU. Unit sizes varied from 5 beds up to 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage. Outsourcing Hr Functions Essay. Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to upload documents, so you might be able to upload skills checklists there. You can complete and essay virtue, save skills checklists on hr functions essay BluePipes and utilize them at your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to work in another field. He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move. Should he address the clinical gap in his resume?

With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. Coursework. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the gap in the resume. It’s fairly common for hospitals to require the last 7 years of work history to be included on their job applications. A large percentage of the outsourcing hr functions essay hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for hall essay, resumes. Hr Functions Essay. Unfortunately, the default assumptions when it comes to employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the experience into nursing.

I believe most career advisers would recommend the and the fury paper same. I hope this information helps! I am applying for hr functions, RN jobs, but am still waiting to take my boards (will take them within the next 1-2 months). How should I address this on my resume? You may want to add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date you’re scheduled to take the hidden faces coursework exam. For example: RN: Scheduled for outsourcing hr functions essay, NCLEX on hidden July 9, 2015.

I hope this helps! Thank you! I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on outsourcing essay a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to coursework, your nursing resume. We discuss this in our blog post on new grad resumes and in outsourcing essay our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid. Coursework. Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter. They say that all that matters is that you’re licensed. If that were the case, then no details about outsourcing hr functions essay you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. And we know that’s not true.

It is HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is passed over because you included your high GPA. Meanwhile, many hospitals and hiring managers love to faces coursework, see it, and assign value to it. So yes, by all means, add it. I hope this helps! Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use – the general number, the unit, or HR? Also, some of my employment history goes back many years and hr functions, the identifying information(number of beds, etc.) has changed.

I do not have the essay poetry correct information from when I worked there. How should I list this information? Is there a good way to find current identifying information for a hospital? Thanks in outsourcing hr functions essay advance for your response. Thanks for posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation.

That said, the general rule is that you should not include the hall essay poetry contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on your resume. Hr Functions Essay. In fact, you don’t need to eyre help, include the complete address either. The city and state will suffice for your resume. On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for most jobs on the company’s website through an applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to enter the telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers. In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of hr functions essay, information you can to your online applications. Again though, that’s separate from your resume. On a another side note: If you are applying for the sound fury research, travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to find current information for your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. I recommend using the “advanced search” for best results.

Please note that the links to these pages are underlined in blue. Here you will find the current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the hr functions essay Medicare.gov site. If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in the database with current information…assuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about jane eyre your older work history. Hr Functions Essay. Many resume experts recommend including only the the sound and the research last 10 years of work history on your resume. Hr Functions Essay. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search. Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of work history because you don’t want to date yourself.

They’re concerned about “ageism” in romeo and juliet the hiring process. These same people recommend not to include the outsourcing essay dates you attended college. Ultimately, it’s up to you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Please let me know if there are further questions!

Help! I have over 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and pacu), and for the last 6 years (in addition to the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to extract data and support level of care (I’m told this is utilization review by and juliet, a friend but we never called it that in work). Outsourcing Essay. Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). Jane Help. I’m trying to get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience. What do I need to do to get into these fields?

Any suggestions? We’re sorry to hr functions, hear about your current situation! It’s always difficult to break into donald hall poetry an entirely new field. However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on. Typically, Case Management and outsourcing hr functions, Utilization Review require InterQual experience.

If you have experience with that system, then be sure to include it on essay virtue your resume. Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it. Check with local and state agencies to see if there are any offerings for people in hr functions your situation. Also, review the specific details of essay on musical, each job opening and tailor your resume to include the key requirements where applicable. Check to see if there is hr functions a local association that you can network with like the Case Management Society of America for example. Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the the sound and the fury outline people you’ve interviewed with previously to hr functions essay, see what they say. If so, look into certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of essay virtue, this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions? I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into outsourcing essay your responses and expository, would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of mine! P.S.

When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. experience applies to or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Experience? Thank you for all your time and effort! Thanks for reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Hr Functions. Thanks so much for your interest though. Donald Poetry. As for the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described. The important thing is that it’s there. The resume builder on BluePipes.com lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and perspective employers and recruiters are able to easily locate the details on outsourcing essay the members’ profiles and resumes.

Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to have it easily accessible on your resume. However, it’s also good to add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. It may not be as easy to donald essay, locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and still presents the outsourcing essay information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an essay poetry, RN with 4 years solid experience in hr functions essay a 16 bed transitional care unit. On Musical. Now I’m trying to hr functions, move to a more challenging position. Essay Poetry. Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for 9 years in ER. Essay. Would it be wise to mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and medical college? I work in donald hall poetry a program that enrolls military medic and outsourcing hr functions, corpsman and essays, gives credit for their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program.

My question is what should the graduates highlight on their resumes? Many have extensive trauma and outsourcing, nursing care experience. Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern. I just finished my 2nd year of nursing and on a med Surg unit. I have been asked to apply to an ICU position and I need to update my resume.

I don’t know what to include. Donald Hall Essay Poetry. Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for hr functions, 16+ years and active duty for 10 years. I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to it when updating my resume! We’re glad to hear the information was useful. Congratulations on being asked to apply for an ICU position. That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to include on your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to the ICU role you’ll be applying for. However, you can also include brief descriptions of your surgical tech and active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. Relate all your work history descriptions to the ICU position.

To do so, find out as much as possible about the job and the unit. We hope this helps!! Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to have found your blog page! I was about to do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned. Eyre Coursework Help. Indeed, the day of the one page crammer is passe’. Especially with the value of the hr functions essay keyword in electronic filing.

Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from becoming fodder for the shredder. [[shudder]] We’re glad to hear the information is useful. To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to donald hall, an individual. However, in most cases, people are attaching their resume in an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to be brief and choose your words wisely.

Don’t be overly verbose and outsourcing hr functions essay, don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about expository instruments a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to outsourcing, tailor the resume’s wording to the job posting where applicable based on your background. We hope this helps! Thank you for this article! I realized that my resume was not up to par by reading this. I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on the day to day. I recently worked at essays romeo a hospital for 4 months and resigned due to it not being a good fit. It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse. Outsourcing Hr Functions. Should I include it on my resume?

You’re welcome! We’re glad to hear you found the information useful. Poetry. This is a tough question. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of potential employers. Outsourcing Hr Functions. That’s a valid concern. On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to add to your nursing resume.

There is another issue to consider. Critical Romeo. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the healthcare professional’s employment history. Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for dismissal depending on outsourcing hr functions essay how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on the sound and the research their ability to verify the hr functions omitted employment. This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is typically the document they’re working off of. However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an essay virtue, application to completed. If you choose to add the hr functions omitted job at that point, then you’ll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. Essay Virtue. If you choose to add the employment to your resume, then you may want to offer a brief explanation of why you left in your cover letter. Outsourcing. It’s all about the jane coursework story you tell. We hope this helps.

This is all great information but I do have a question. Outsourcing. I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to land my first job. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in essay virtue examples online. Thanks, Kristin. We’re glad to hear this information on was useful. You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and work experience.

To further confuse the issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. We view the preceptorship as something akin to a highly advanced internship. Essay. For all intents and purposes, it is work experience. However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship. Therefore, feel free to include it under either category on your resume, but be sure to essay virtue, clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of professional networking when landing your first job. 70%-80% of all jobs are obtained through networking. Outsourcing Hr Functions Essay. While your resume is important, networking is the key…especially for new grads. We hope this information helps. Best of luck!!

Great info – I could have used that for my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and donald hall poetry, hard to get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at the job I’m applying for. Thanks, Heidi! We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Thanks for the suggestion. We’ll explore the outsourcing hr functions topic soon. Thank you! This is very informative.

Do you have any sample resume and the sound and the research outline, application letter? We’re glad to hear the information is outsourcing hr functions essay useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for free as a member of BluePipes. You can view our recommendations on writing a nursing cover letter. We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you. Here’s my question. Hidden Faces Coursework. I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s. Outsourcing. How far back should I go?

None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and jane eyre coursework help, things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers…. Is it appropriate to ask a nursing instructor to be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks! We’re glad to hear the information is helpful!! Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, it’s a great idea to ask an instructor to be a reference.

Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to include on outsourcing hr functions your resume aren’t so cut and dry. Expository Essay. I think it’s fair to say that the vast majority of career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on a resume. However, if you could get a redeeming quote from a strong reference, like an instructor, to put in your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. You’re right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on outsourcing essay optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems.

However, one thing is essay on musical as true today as it ever has been…networking is the single best approach to landing a job. We discuss the hr functions importance in our article with recommendations for New Grad RNs. It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education. I’d say it would be good to add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of luck! Excellent information! Nursing is a second career for me and trying to put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge.

You are right on the money….the resume I had for my corporate career doesn’t translate well into the healthcare field. Critical Essays. I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on outsourcing my resume wasn’t going to work. I was destined to be one of those that got lost in the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. And The Research Outline. Thank you again for providing such valuable information. Congratulations on your new career path! We’re so glad you found this information useful. We wish you the best of luck in your job search.

We hope you’ll consider joining BluePipes.com where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for free, and build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Due to a job opportunity for hr functions, my husband, we moved from KS to PA in 2012. Critical Essays. Even securing an interview has been daunting!

I have gotten some feedback from hr functions essay, ‘ recruiters’ in a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to be sure to essay poetry, apply to the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long. How is that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse. It seems the practice of the hr functions essay three major ‘players’ in this area, is to lay off their experienced nurses, in eyre favor of outsourcing hr functions essay, hiring new grads and those with ‘ at least a year experience’. I did secure an interview which ended favorably; just short of a job offer.

The next step at this particular hospital required by the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. I have been in nursing since 1974! LPN in 1977 and BSN in 1989. Critical Essays. When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was ‘we want to make certain we give you recognition for outsourcing, all the years you have been a nurse. Essay Virtue. AND, that was the last I heard from them. I contend she realized I would have to start at the upper end of essay, compensation for critical, my experience. Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to describe myself… I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and outsourcing hr functions essay, delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to these concerns.

I am ready to essays and juliet, consult with the outsourcing department of labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to the sound paper outline, decrease costs per fte.I think it’s a shame! really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and collegues. Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. I’ve yet to figure how to outsourcing hr functions essay, be concise yet detailed with these tips in mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and donald poetry, SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. However, I always wanted to do LD or NICU. I did my preceptorship in 2011 in LD. How can I use my experience and make it appealing for LD again? We’re glad to hear that you found the information useful!

You can view the BluePipes sample resume to get an idea for formatting yours. Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Also, you might be interested in essay reading our post on resume length. You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and critical romeo, SNF experience to NICU and L#038;D. However, you most likely won’t be able to outsourcing hr functions, address the unique technical skills required for these units. You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and newborns in your community. While it’s always tough to find time to volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for your community and and the fury, getting some relevant experience to add to outsourcing hr functions essay, your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article. I have been an RN for 9 years; 4 years at the bedside and hall poetry, 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and some inpatient care. I would like to outsourcing essay, transition back to the bedside but feel that my lack of direct patient care over critical essays the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at least get through the hr functions front door of the interview process?

You’re welcome, we hope you found the article useful. Yours is a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. With respect to your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to and juliet, bedside nursing. Carefully review the job duties and qualifications of bedside nurses, and outsourcing hr functions, not just those found in the job descriptions of online job postings, to get ideas for hidden faces coursework, framing your recent experience in a way that applies to bedside nursing. Hr Functions Essay. Next, focus on writing an excellent nursing cover letter in critical romeo which you present yourself as a solution to the problems facing the employer in question. Outsourcing Hr Functions Essay. Of course, you’re still going to have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to eyre help, the lack of recent bedside experience. Therefore, networking is a must. Nearly 40% of all new-hires are the result of employee referral. With 9 years of experience, you’re bound to have some connections and now is the time to leverage them.

We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is too good to neglect it. Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and hr functions essay, LinkedIn to essay virtue, enhance your networking efforts. Finally, we’ve spoken to outsourcing hr functions, many nurses who tout the expository essay instruments benefits of refresher courses for bedside nursing. While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for over a month. Last week I became certified in ACLS and was wondering how to outsourcing essay, go about fury paper outline informing the hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from that I am newly certified in this skill, since it is not on my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on outsourcing hr functions essay your recent achievements! This is expository a great question. Hr Functions. You may be able to log in to the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile.

Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for the staffing office and donald hall, pose this question to the representative you speak with. We find that hospitals are quite responsive to candidate inquiries relative to other employers. We hope these recommendations help, and hr functions, we’d love to hear back about the sound and the fury research paper what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck! I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. When a nurse applies for a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to work. I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to outsourcing hr functions, put availability on your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is a well-crafted cover letter to romeo and juliet, accompany their resume. The additional touch of a thoughtful and appropriate cover-letter can help give you an hr functions essay, edge over eyre help other applicants who omit this step. I found some good details on cover letters for nurses here: http://bit.ly/1dDy8If . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney. Including availability on essay a nursing resume is and the fury research outline important for many reasons.

First, the job applied for outsourcing hr functions, isn’t the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about all of the essay virtue available jobs with a particular employer. Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail. With respect to availability, this can mean that a job advertised for day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. This happens frequently when the essay job board technology limits the employer’s ability to accurately display the shifts. Third, job specs often change on the back-end and are never updated on essay virtue the front-end. So a job that’s advertised for days may have changed to nights without being updated on the job board. Fourth, due to the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days. So resumes are searchable for future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the most attributes in common with any given job description. So in all of the essay scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to coursework, contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal.

Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for a specific job description when a specific job is being applied for. Hr Functions Essay. However, a plurality of jobs are filled via networking and referrals. In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is being applied for. Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to a contact who has connections with the expository essay on musical instruments employer in question. Outsourcing Essay. The resume is reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and expository on musical, the candidate is contacted. Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and related to outsourcing hr functions essay, this topic. However, they necessitate their own discussion and we plan on fury research paper outline addressing this in a future blog post. This is great information! As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend?

I have over 4 years in retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of a difference for recruiters. Outsourcing Hr Functions. Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there! Wow this information is great! Although I’m still an undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to keep in mind when applying for a job!

I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the donald essay Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in outsourcing addition to Nursing that I can apply to the work field. I know that computer knowledge is donald essay poetry a great booster for a resume, but I wanted to essay, know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for expository essay instruments, in their RNs? Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! We’re glad you found the information useful! Yes, computer knowledge is a great booster for the resume.

You can look into Health Care Informatics as an option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. Hr Functions. In fact, Spanish is essay virtue a huge selling point these days. As a side note: make the absolute most of your preceptorship. Be at your best and use the outsourcing opportunity to network with everyone you can. We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is great information! Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it.

Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for 3 years and donald hall, a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Because it is not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to add some experience. Thanks! We’re happy to hear you found the outsourcing hr functions information helpful, Dashia! You pose an essay on musical instruments, excellent question regarding the inclusion of non-RN healthcare experience on your resume. Outsourcing Hr Functions. There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and you’re going to find that some people will say yes and jane, some people will say no. I fall in the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on your resume for several reasons. First, it demonstrates progression within the general field of healthcare.

Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have. Third, in many cases (and certainly in your case) the outsourcing essay experience is related to coursework, the jobs you’re applying for. Outsourcing Essay. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to jane help, 10 years of work history regardless of whether or not it was healthcare related. While this requirement doesn’t factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the information at some point during the hiring process. Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems.

I hope this information helps! This information is outsourcing hr functions very helpfull. Hi. I obtained an MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN. I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education. I agree that it most likely will not influence the expository essay initial resume screening process. Outsourcing Hr Functions. However, it could have influence later in the process. And Juliet. You may not want to make it a significant part of your resume, but I think including it is better than not.

It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an example resume? Hey Michaele, My apologies for hr functions, the delay. We’ve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain. We do not have an example nurse resume that we’re able to publish to the blog at this time.

However, we will work on hidden coursework getting one up soon. Also, I recommend becoming a member on BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to essay, record the top 10 details recommended for nursing resumes in jane eyre this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for me. I am a new LPN attempting to start my career in outsourcing essay a new state and essay poetry, have read a lot of advice on hr functions Nurses.com that is wrong. I’ll take the advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime. Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Expository On Musical. Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on my resume in order to outsourcing hr functions essay, be considered. I was hesitant since all the threads warn of protecting it at all cost due to identity theft?

I’m glad you clarified this and some other points. I do have one question that is essays and juliet not addressed in your article. If you are continuing your education to receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on your resume make a candidate more desirable to potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to outsourcing hr functions essay, hear that you’ve found the information useful. Great question!! I think it’s a great idea to add your education in progress to your resume. Essay Virtue. I recommend including an estimated completion date and outsourcing essay, perhaps even the number of units completed to date. There are several reasons adding your education in progress could be beneficial.

First, it could result in a higher ranking by and juliet, the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that you’re interested in advancing your knowledge and hr functions essay, your career. Essay Virtue. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is a matter of public record already. Anybody can go to your state board of essay, nursing and search by romeo and juliet, name to verify your state license, which includes the license number.

So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and hr functions, the state you’re licensed in the sound and the research paper provides the essay means to easily obtain your license number. Instruments. Providing it on outsourcing hr functions your resume simply allows the human resources rep to skip this step. Jane Help. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the chain. And remember, you’re attaching your resume in outsourcing secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for your Social Security Number and Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from asking for SSN on job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the donald NCLEX, and now I am working on my resume.

I already have a BA and MSW, which I will include on my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and outsourcing essay, don’t have credits towards the degree. Thanks for your advice. Congratulations on critical romeo your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for which there is hr functions essay no steadfast answer. My belief is critical that it wouldn’t be appropriate to include the outsourcing hr functions information in the Education section of critical romeo and juliet, your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to a BSN program. Outsourcing Hr Functions. However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program.

Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in essay virtue your nursing resume summary. We hope you find this response useful. Please feel free to post any follow-up or additional questions you may have. Good luck!! I have an additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by anyone. Hr Functions Essay. I’m an older new grad. I recently had someone look at one of my resumes and essay virtue, give me her input. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree).

In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the previous education dates me if I include the years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). On the outsourcing hr functions essay other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for undergrad and grad studies, not to mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in hidden faces the sciences. Outsourcing Hr Functions. It seems like the RN to donald, BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and that is the majority of hr functions, my BA. Essay Virtue. OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the last 10 years of outsourcing hr functions, employment history. Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to education?

Should I leave it to discuss in faces coursework an interview (as recommended by the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about this. The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and when you fill in the online application portion they ask for outsourcing hr functions, all education (although you usually have to add on education). And The Outline. I would greatly appreciate your insight and recommendation. My sincerest apologies for the delay.

Congratulations on your recent graduation! This is outsourcing a tough situation. Both sides of the argument have merit. Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about resumes…only staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and cover letter are all about telling your story in a way that convinces the reader you’re the right person for the job while providing them with the details they need. Personally, I’d keep the education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the cover letter to tie that education into the story about you being the best candidate for the job in question. Given the on musical information you’ve provided about your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to do just that.

Again, there is outsourcing no right or wrong answer here. You may even try it both ways. Essay. Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another. However, I’m of the belief that all education is valuable. I hope this information helps.

We’d love to hear back about how it all works out!!

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essay on martin The Final Solution--An Essay by Martin Gilbert. [NOTE: Internal references are to other articles included in outsourcing hr functions essay the Oxford Companion to World War II ] Final Solution ( Endlsung ) was the term used for the murder of six million Jews during the Second World War. These Jews were citizens of every pre-war state in Europe. Their Jewishness had been defined by the German Nuremberg Laws of 1935 as any person with one Jewish grandparent. Many were Jews only by the Nazi definition; in the sound their own eyes they were Germans, Frenchmen, Belgians, Dutchmen, and so on. Outsourcing Essay! A number had been practising Christians for several generations. When Hitter came to power in poetry 1933 the outsourcing, Jews under German control numbered just over half a million.

Hitler and his Nazi Party were pledged to create a Germany in which the German Jews would be set apart from their fellow-Germans, and denied their place as an integral part of eyre help German life and culture. The concept of racial purity was paralleled with the stimulation of racial hatred, to outsourcing essay create the image of the hidden, German Jew as different, alien, and dangerous. The first measure based upon this Nazi ideology was the expulsion of German Jews from outsourcing many hundreds of villages and small towns in faces coursework which they lived and worked, and in which their ancestors had lived for many centuries; the first record of Jews in the Rhineland precedes the Hitler era by more than a thousand years. This first solution of what the outsourcing essay, Nazis called the fury paper, #145;Jewish Question#146; (Judenfrage) was to make hundreds of outsourcing hr functions essay municipalities #145;Jew-free#146; (Judenrein). The Jewish families thus driven out went to larger towns and cities inside Germany, or emigrated. Emigration was the second 'solution' approved by the Nazis for the Jewish Question. From 1933 until the outbreak of war in 1939, the official policy of the German government permitted, and even encouraged, emigration.

The property of the Jews who left, their shops, their livelihoods, their homes and their furniture, became part of the spoils of racism. Of Germany's half-million Jewish citizens in 1933, more than half had emigrated by 1938. Of these, more than 100,000 found refuge in the USA, 63,000 in Argentina, 52,000 in the UK and 33,000 in critical and juliet Palestine. The mass murder of the quarter of a million Jews who remained in Germany was nowhere envisaged, discussed, or planned. Such killing as there was took place within the concentration camp system set up to punish opponents of the regime. Outsourcing Hr Functions Essay! In the donald, years 1933 to 1938 fewer than a hundred Jews were among several thousand German citizens murdered in concentration camps (principally at Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, and Dachau).

With the annexation of Austria in hr functions essay March 1938 and of Bohemia and Moravia in March 1939 (see CZECHOSLOVAKIA) the number of essay poetry Jews under German rule increased by another quarter of a million. Still there was no policy of mass murder. Such violence as there was remained on a relatively small scale. In November 1938, 91 Jews were murdered throughout Greater Germany during the night of looting and burning known as the 'Night of Broken Glass' (Kristallnacht). As many as a thousand Jews were murdered in concentration camps in the following six months. In the eyes of the German government, the 'solution' to the increased number of Jews within the Reich remained emigration. More than 100,000 of Austria's 160,000 Jews now emigrated; most of them to the UK, the USA, and Palestine, to essay which they took their talent in many professions, including scientists, doctors, writers, and donald hall essay, musicians.

Emigration depended not only on the German willingness to let Jews leave. but also on the willingness of other states to take them in. Hr Functions Essay! Beginning in the summer of 1938, as pressure for a place of refuge grew, many states adopted laws restricting Jewish immigration. Another problem for the Jews who left Germany was that they could not know which countries would remain safe; the tens of thousands of Jews who found refuge in France, Belgium, and the Netherlands, for expository on musical instruments, example (as did the German-Jewish girl Anne Frank and her family), could not know that the countries which took their in would, in due course, be overrun by outsourcing, Germany. With the critical essays and juliet, German invasion of Poland in September 1939 (see POLISH CAMPAIGN), a further million and a half Jews came under German rule. During the murder in the streets of more than 10,000 Polish civilians in September and October 1939, an orgy of slaughter unprecedented in Europe in the 20th century, 3,000 Polish Jews were among those killed; some of them were forced into synagogues and then burnt alive. But no long-term plans existed for the Jews of Poland, who constituted by far the largest Jewish population within the growing borders of the Reich. With the coming of war and war conditions, including a British naval blockade of Germany (see ECONOMIC WARFARE) and the restriction of almost all but military traffic within Greater Germany, emigration became virtually impossible except for citizens of certain neutral states or their spouses. Gradually, during the winter of 1939 and the early months of 1940, a third 'solution' emerged, to be applied to outsourcing the Jews of Poland. They would be expelled from several thousand localities in essay virtue which they had lived hitherto, and made to live in outsourcing essay restricted areas. A medieval concept, that of the ghetto, was revived. But whereas in medieval times the donald poetry, ghetto, such as the one in Venice, was a centre of outsourcing Jewish creativity, under the Nazi scheme it was a place of confinement and essay, poverty.

From the spring of 1940 Jews throughout German-occupied and annexed Poland were driven out of the towns and villages in which they had lived for centuries, and sent to specially-designated areas in certain towns. They were also driven out of many parts of the principal cities, such as Warsaw and Ldz, in which they had lived hitherto, and were forced into an area which was too small for their numbers, often lacking adequate sanitary facilities, and deliberately so. The food ration imposed upon them was even smaller than that imposed upon the non-Jewish inhabitants of outsourcing essay Poland. Anyone trying to leave the ghetto, or trying to the sound and the fury research smuggle food into essay the ghetto, faced execution. By April 1941 ghettos had been enforced throughout German-occupied Poland. By June the death toll from starvation had reached 2,000 a month in poetry the Warsaw Ghetto (where half a million Jews were confined), and 800 a month in outsourcing the Ldz Ghetto (where a quarter of a million were confined). This was in critical and juliet itself a horrifying 'solution', the outsourcing hr functions, murder of whole communities of essay people by hr functions, slow starvation, though at hidden faces the rate of death in the ghettos, the total destruction of Polish Jewry would take 20 years or more. No other solution was then in prospect. The mass of Polish Jews survived in their ghettos, and provided the German administration with a vast reservoir of forced labour. The German victories in western Europe between April and June 1940 brought more and more Jews under German rule; in Norway (1,400), Denmark (5,600), France (283,000), the Netherlands (126,000), Luxemburg (1,700), and Belgium (64,000). Hr Functions! In April 1941 Greek Jews (77,000) also came under joint German and Italian control.

These western European and Balkan Jews were subjected to civic disabilities, and obliged to a yellow badge on their clothing to identify them (another medieval practice revived). The professions were closed to them, and their property gradually taken away. But their lives were safe; indeed, a few could still emigrate, and did so; others were able to flee for safety to neutral Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, and essay virtue, Turkey. In June 1941 the German Army invaded the Soviet Union (see BARBAROSSA). Immediately following the troops were special killing squads or Einsatzgruppen , whose orders were to murder Jews in every locality.

This was the essay, fourth 'solution' after expulsion, emigration, and ghettoization. It led, within six months, to the murder of as many as a million Jews. The aim of the killing squads was to eliminate Jewish life altogether. In hundreds of jane eyre help small villages in what, up to 1939, had been eastern Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia, and in western Russia, this destructive aim was fulfilled within a few hours. The killing was made easier by the active participation of local police and paramilitary groups, especially in Lithuania and the Ukraine. In Bessarabia, Moldavia, and parts of southern Russia, the killing was carried out by Romanians. In cities with large Jewish populations, thousands were murdered within a few days; at Kiev, a total of outsourcing hr functions essay 33,000 Jewish men, women, and children were killed in three days, having been taken to Babi Yar, a ravine on the outskirts of the city, and donald, machine-gunned. Tens of thousands of Jews were shot down in ditches, gravel pits, and fields near every town and village in the vast area through which the Germans advanced in the summer and autumn of 1941. These killing places, some of them pre-war beauty spots, quickly became synonymous with mass murder: Ponar near Wilno, Kaiserwald near Riga, the Ninth Fort at Kovno, the Ratomskaya ravine at Minsk, and the Drobitsky ravine at Kharkov were five of the most terrible. Other cities with large Jewish populations, such as Kishinev and Odessa, were likewise the scene of massive slaughter. By October 1941 each of the four 'solutions#146; so far put into practice was still in effect.

In Germany, towns still expelled Jews to the cities, in order to boast that they were Jew-free. Outsourcing Essay! In German-occupied western Europe it was still possible for individual Jews to emigrate, if they had, for example, American citizenship (the USA was not yet at war with Germany), or were married to subjects of other neutral states. Essay Virtue! In German-occupied Poland, more than two million Jews were still confined to ghettos, many of them forced to work in outsourcing hr functions essay factories manufacturing clothing for the German Army. In former Czechoslovakia, a so-called 'model' ghetto was established, on 10 October 1941, in the l8th-century fortress at Theresienstadt. Jane Help! Jews were deported there from Prague, Brno, and several hundred other towns and villages in Bohemia and Moravia. In German-occupied USSR, the killings in fields and ditches also continued, with each day's murder total being recorded by the killing squads and reported to Berlin. On 24 October 1941, for example, 4,000 Jews were taken from Wilno to Ponar and murdered there during the following three days; according to the precise statistics submitted by the killing squad as a matter of routine to Berlin, the murdered Jews included 885 children.

The daily slaughter in the east was often watched by curious bystanders, off-duty soldiers, and German businessmen working in the region. The brutal nature of the killings led to a number of protests being sent to Berlin. One protest, dated 27 October, was forwarded to Berlin by Wilhelm Kube, the commissioner-general of Belorussia (whose headquarters were in Minsk) with the comment 'To have buried alive seriously wounded people, who then worked their way out of their graves again, is such extreme beastliness that this incident must be reported to the Fhrer.' Even as these protests reached Berlin, a fifth solution was under discussion there. This was intended to be the 'final' solution, the outsourcing essay, aim of the sound and the fury paper which was the murder of all Jews living in Europe. Essay! It would be 'final' in that once it had been carried out, there would be no more Jews alive in Europe, and therefore no need for any further solution. Since the German annexation of essay virtue Austria in March 1938, the bureaucratic aspects of the emigration of Jews had been entrusted to hr functions a small government department in and juliet Berlin, the 'Central Office for Jewish Emigration', headed by an SS officer, Adolf Eichmann. In the autumn of 1941, Eichmann was put in charge of a new department, the 'Race and Resettlement Office', a section of the RSHAs Amt IV, and was entrusted with the task of preparing the mechanics of the hr functions, final solution. In an official letter to and juliet the German foreign office about an emigration application from a Jewish woman who wished to move from outsourcing Germany to the unoccupied zone of coursework France, he explained (on 28 October 1941) that the application had to be turned down 'in view of the approaching final solution of the European Jewry problem'.

Henceforth, this phrase 'final solution' was to appear in many official documents. The 'solution' itself was as follows: Jews living throughout Europe, whether confined in the Polish ghettos or still living in their own homes in western Europe, were to essay be rounded up (wherever possible this was to be done by French, Dutch, Belgian, or other local police), detained locally in special holding camps, and then deported by train to essay virtue distant camps in which they would be murdered by gas. No killing would take place in or near the cities in which the victims lived; instead, it would take place hundreds, and for some thousands, of kilometres away. During the autumn of 1941 experiments were made on Soviet prisoners-of-war, and hr functions, also on Jews, to find out the most expeditious method of murder by gas; the one in which the victims would have the least warning, if any, and in which the least number of operatives would be needed. Unlike the Einsatzgruppen murders in the east, there were to be no bystanders. Central to this plan were the elements of secrecy and deception. 'Deportation' was to be called 'resettlement'.

The area in which this 'resettlement' was to take place was to critical essays romeo be called 'somewhere in the East'. The trains taking the deportees were to outsourcing essay be called 'Special Resettlement Trains'. The nature of the camps was to be kept secret, even from those who had to drive the trains to within a few kilometres of them. Two methods of mass murder were devised. The first was by means of gas vans in which the essay virtue, deportees would be taken as if on a journey to a labour camp, but would in fact be killed by exhaust fumes during the short drive from the station to the camp itself. Hr Functions Essay! The second was by means of specially-designed gas chambers, into which they would be taken as if for a shower, and inside which, once the essay poetry, doors were locked, they would be killed by hr functions essay, gas (see ZYKLON-B). The process of donald poetry gassing was to hr functions essay be totally disguised; many of the gas chambers were to and juliet have signs on them such as 'shower room' or 'washing room'. The camp sites chosen for the reception and murder of the deported Jews were in remote areas, four in German-occupied Poland and one in outsourcing occupied USSR. The first to be operational was in a wood near Chelmno, a small village in western Poland. Hidden Faces! The first deportees were sent there and killed in gas vans, on 8 December 1941. Outsourcing! On that day 2,300 Jews were murdered at essay virtue Chelmno.

In the coming months, at least a thousand were killed each day, most of hr functions essay them brought by train from the Ldz Ghetto and the towns around Ldz, until as many as 400,000 had been killed. On 20 January 1942, six weeks after the start of the daily deportations and gassings at Chelmno, a group of senior German civil servants gathered at a villa near Berlin, in the suburb of Wannsee, to co-ordinate the activities of the various government departments, including the state railways, the expository instruments, foreign office and outsourcing hr functions essay, the 'Race and Resettlement Office', all of whose active cooperation was needed to carry out the deportation of Jews from throughout Europe. Statistics were prepared for hidden faces coursework, the Wannsee conference by Eichmann, giving the essay, number of Jews whom it was hoped would be rounded up and deported. Research Paper! These figures included Jews in the neutral countries of Europe, including Eire (where the essay, figure given was 4,000), Switzerland (18,000), and Spain (6,000). Also included on the Wannsee list were the Jews of Britain, estimated by Eichmann at faces coursework 330,000.

All were to be brought into the net of deportation and destruction. Three more death camps, part of operation REINHARD were also set up in German-occupied Poland, to which Jews were deported and murdered. One camp was at Sobibor, where 300,000 Jews from central Poland were murdered, and hr functions essay, several thousand Jews from Germany and the Netherlands. Another camp was at essay instruments *Belzec, where, beginning in March 1942, 600,000 Jews from western and eastern Galicia, including Cracow and outsourcing hr functions, Lww, were murdered, as well as 1,500 Poles, killed for trying to help Jews. The Sound Research! The third camp was at Treblinka, where at least 700,000 Polish Jews were murdered, including half a million from the Warsaw Ghetto, from outsourcing hr functions which the first deportations took place on 22 July 1942. Also murdered at Treblinka were almost all the Jews of several other large Polish cities, including Piotrkow (22,000). During the course of fifteen months, two million Jews were murdered at these four death camps. Essay! A further million had been murdered by the Einsatzgruppen in the east. As a result of this systematic killing, the Jewish populations of Poland, the Baltic States, and the USSR as far east as the Caucasus, had been almost entirely destroyed by the beginning of 1943. Outsourcing! The few Jews still alive in those regions worked in forced-labour camps, at specific tasks needed by donald hall essay poetry, the German Army.

The Final Solution, so effective in the east, was also intended to include all the Jews of western Europe. Round-ups took place every week, deportations either weekly (from France and outsourcing hr functions, the Netherlands), or monthly (from Belgium). All those who were rounded up were deported by train to the east. Some were deported to the existing death camps, others were sent to Kovno and Riga, where they were murdered at the sites of the earlier mass murder of the local Jews. At Riga, gas vans were used. Among the Jews deported to Treblinka and murdered were 8,000 from Theresienstadt and 12,000 from expository essay on musical instruments 23 Balkan Jewish communities in distant Macedonia and Thrace; they traced their origins to the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492.

All 12,000 were deported across Europe in outsourcing hr functions twenty trains, and murdered on reaching Treblinka. Other Jews, possibly as many as 250,000, and including 22,000 from Theresienstadt, were deported from western Europe to Maly Trostenets, a small village outside the Belorussian city of Minsk, where they were killed in gas vans similar to those used at Chelmno and Riga. Many of the Jews of Yugoslavia were murdered in camps (including Stara Gradiska, Loborgrad, and Jasenovac), set up in the independent state of Croatia, an critical romeo ally of Germany; 15,000 Serbian Jews were killed by gas vans at Zemun, a German-run camp near Belgrade. At Maly Trostenets, and in the four death camps set up by the Germans in eastern Poland, almost every deportee was murdered on reaching the camp: the young, the old, and the able-bodied. A tiny number of deportees, only a few hundred out of the hundreds of thousands deported, were formed into Sonderkommandos, or special detachments. They were kept in a special section of each camp, under heavy guard, and forced to take the bodies of those killed to pits where they were buried or burned; or to outsourcing sort out the hall, clothes of those who had been murdered for outsourcing hr functions, shipment back to Germany. These slave-labourers were then murdered in their turn.

In March 1942 yet another death camp was set up, located near the village of Birkenau, close to Auschwitz, in the industrial region of east Upper Silesia. For Jews who were sent to this camp, there was a change in the method of the final solution. The region, rich in coal, was part of German-annexed Poland. Several hundred German factories had been relocated here; they, and critical essays, the existing coal mines, required slave labour on a substantial scale. Many non-Jews formed a part of this labour force, including several thousand British prisoners-of-war.

But the need for outsourcing essay, even more manpower had become urgent, as Germany approached its third year at war, and had still failed either to conquer the USSR or to and the fury research paper invade the UK. To provide a further reservoir of slave labour, Jews were brought to Birkenau from all over Europe. Unlike the murder system already in operation at outsourcing hr functions the existing death camps, not every deportee to Birkenau was murdered. While all children, all old people, and the sick, were taken from the deportation trains and sent straight to hidden the gas chambers, several hundred able-bodied men and women from each deportation train (sometimes as many as 500 in a train with a thousand deportees) were separated from those about to essay be killed, and had a serial number tattooed on their forearm; at least in the short term their lives were spared; they were sent to barracks from which they would go each day to their slave labour tasks. The camp at Birkenau consisted of a large area of wooden huts and brick barracks, and two (later four) gas chambers, attached to which were crematoria in which the bodies of those murdered were burned almost at once. Birkenau lay within the administrative area of a nearby existing concentration camp, Auschwitz, at which, since the summer of 1940, Polish political prisoners had faced the worst rigours of punishment, including torture and execution. Some Polish Jews had already been among the victims at hidden faces coursework Auschwitz.

But Birkenau was established for Jews alone, and with a view to continuing the Final Solution, already so effective elsewhere, by outsourcing hr functions essay, the murder of at least half of those who arrived in each deportation train. The gassings of Jews at Birkenau began in May 1942 and continued until November 1944. The trains to Auschwitz-Birkenau came from coursework help every region under German rule or influence. Outsourcing Essay! Usually there were a thousand deportees in each train. The trains travelled great distances across Europe; those locked inside them had no idea of their destination, or of paper their fate.

The first trains came from Slovakia (26 March 1942) and from France (27 March 1942). In both instances, local police, Slovak and French, carried out the task of rounding up Jews, assembling them, and putting them on the trains. The French Jews in that particular deportation were all born outside France, most of them Polish Jews who had emigrated to France between the wars. During two and a half years, without respite or interruption, trains brought Jews to Auschwitz-Birkenau from outsourcing hr functions as far north as Norway, as far west as the Atlantic coast of France, as far south as Rome, Corfu, and Athens, as far east as Transylvania and essay virtue, Ruthenia. Among the essay, large Jewish communities murdered almost in their entirety at essay virtue Birkenau were those of the Greek city of Salonika (more than 40,000 murdered), the Polish city of Bialystok (more than 10,000), the Greek island of outsourcing hr functions Corfu (1,800), and the Aegean island of Rhodes (1,700). More than 44,000 Jews from Theresienstadt were also deported to essay virtue Birkenau and outsourcing hr functions, killed; as were several thousand Jews who had earlier been incarcerated in the German prewar concentration camps of Sachsenhausen and Buchenwald.

More than two and a half million Jews were deported to Birkenau, and at least two and a quarter million murdered there. In addition to those taken straight from the trains to the gas chambers, at least three-quarters of the romeo, slave labourers were among the hr functions, victims, toiled to death, killed by sadistic guards, or sent to the gas chambers when they fell sick. The aim of the Final Solution was to murder all the Jews of faces Europe. In this it failed, despite the terrifyingly high death toll. In June 1944 the Anglo-American forces landed in outsourcing Normandy (see OVERLORD), and the Red Army was on the border of eastern Galicia.

Particularly from western Europe, the deportations had not been completed. From France, 83,000 Jews had been deported and murdered, but 200,000 were still alive, many of them sheltered from deportation by coursework, their fellow French citizens. From Italy, 8,000 Jews had been deported to their deaths, but 35,000 were still in Italy at the end of the war, and thus survived. From Belgium, over 24,000 Jews were taken to their deaths, but 40,000 remained and survived. Elsewhere, the outsourcing hr functions, ratio of survivors to those murdered was much worse. Only 20,000 Dutch Jews remained undeported; 106,000 were deported and killed. Of Yugoslavia's Jews, 60,000 were killed, and only 12,000 survived. From Greece, 65,000 were taken to their deaths, and only 12,000 survived. Details of the killings of Jews reached the West only in fragments (see KARSKI and NOWAK).

Most of the hidden coursework, information that did percolate through arrived many months, and in several cases more than a year after the events had taken place. Publicity was given to the details as they emerged, but publicity could not halt the killings, which were taking place deep in the heartland of outsourcing hr functions German-occupied Europe, far beyond the range of Allied bombers, and hidden coursework, almost three years before the Allied armies were able to advance into central Europe. The details that were known were often fragmentary, and sometimes out of date. A telegram from Geneva in August 1942 warned that the Germans were in the process of drawing up plans to exterminate the outsourcing, Jews by gas (see SCHULTE). In fact, those plans had already been in operation for essay virtue, eight months. In the outsourcing hr functions essay, autumn of faces coursework 1942 news of the deportations from France was widely publicized in the British newspapers, and universally denounced. But the destination of the essay, deportees was unknown, referred to essay virtue as 'somewhere in the East'. It was in fact Auschwitz, but this was kept secret by the Germans, who used every type of deception to hide the outsourcing, true destinations and fate of the deportees. Details of the killing of Jews at Auschwitz II (Birkenau) did not reach Geneva, London, and jane eyre coursework help, New York until the summer of hr functions essay 1944, a full two years after the killings had begun.

International protest against the deportation and killing of Hungarian Jews was then effective, but only because the tide of war had turned, and Allied aircraft could at essay virtue last reach Budapest. The Hungarian government, fearing immediate Allied reprisals, forced the German authorities to halt the deportations in July 1944, after massive protests (see below). Even today, details about camps and killing centres are emerging, which were unknown, not only at the time, but for many years afterwards. There were several examples of decisive action on outsourcing, the part of governments that refused to deport Jews. All 50,000 Bulgarian Jews survived the war because King Boris and the Bulgarian parliament refused the German request to send them to the camps in Poland. In Denmark, with the encouragement of essay virtue King Frederik IX (1899-1972) almost all 5,500 Jews were taken during a single night by small boats across the narrow water to hr functions essay neutral Sweden, and safety. After the first fifteen deportees from essay on musical instruments Finland had been murdered, the Finnish government rejected all German pressure to outsourcing hr functions deport the remaining 2,000 Jews, many of whom were refugees from Germany and Central Europe. Mussolini's Italy likewise refused repeated German pressure to deport Jews, as did the Regent of Hungary, Admiral Horthy. It was only after German forces occupied northern Italy (September 1943) and Hungary (March 1944) that the deportation of Jews began. After 400,000 Jews had been deported to their deaths from Hungary to Auschwitz-Birkenau, within the space of three months, Horthy, under pressure from Pope Pius XII, from King Gustav V of on musical instruments Sweden (1858-1950), and from the hr functions, western Allies, demanded a halt to hidden faces coursework any further deportations.

More than 300,000 Hungarian Jews were thereby saved; though several thousand were subsequently murdered by Hungarian Fascist gangs such as the Arrow Cross (see HUNGARY, 3), others were saved from the gangs by the intervention of outsourcing hr functions essay several foreign diplomats in Budapest, including the senior Swedish representative in the city, Raoul Wallenberg. Like each of the captive peoples of eyre help Europe, the Jews were subjected to all the rigours of occupation, as well as the total isolation imposed on the ghettos. Nevertheless, their resistance to deportation was widespread. Best known is the outsourcing essay, Warsaw rising of April 1943. Despite the desperate hunger in the ghetto, the willpower and determination of the Jewish insurgents was such that the Germans had to use considerable military force to crush the uprising. More than a hundred other Jewish uprisings are known in donald hall towns and villages throughout eastern Europe.

There were also acts of defiance in every death camp. At Auschwitz-Birkenau two of the crematoria were blown up by Jewish slave labourers in October 1944; all those who took part in the revolt were hunted down and hr functions, killed. Slave labourers also defied their captors at Treblinka and Sobibor, where there were breakouts, and some of the escapers survived. Other Jews managed to escape from the ghettos into the forests, and to join, and even to form, partisan units, harassing German lines of communication, and trying to protect small groups of critical essays women and children who had also escaped. But German military might was deployed against these partisans, and few survived more than a single summer in hiding. Beginning in September 1944, with the outsourcing hr functions, approach of the Soviet Army, large numbers of Jewish slave labourers were evacuated from Auschwitz-Birkenau and the surrounding industrial zone. Many were driven westward on foot, or in railway trucks without adequate food or shelter. As many as 100,000 Jews died or were shot down by their guards during these evacuations, which continued through the winter. The marchers were sent to central Germany, to build and to expository on musical instruments work in vast underground factories, and at outsourcing other slave labour projects intended to help halt the jane eyre coursework, advance of the western Allies, who by January 1945 had reached the Rhine. Many of those on outsourcing, the death marches were toiled and beaten to death in these factories and the camps attached to them (one of the most notorious was Mittelbau-Dora). Others were sent to pre-war concentration camps, hitherto used in the main for political prisoners and criminals.

In these camps they were the object of sadistic cruelty and neglect. When the Anglo-American forces reached these camps in April 1945, they were shocked at the number of dead and dying, the starvation and the sickness, which they found. Jane Eyre Coursework Help! It was the liberation of these camps (among them Bergen-Belsen, Dachau, Buchenwald, and Mauthausen), that for the first time brought photographic evidence to the west. These were not images of the death camps, none of outsourcing essay which were then in existence, but they were nevertheless horrific. An estimated 300,000 European Jews survived the camps and faces, death marches. Six million Jews, one-third of the world's Jewish population in 1939, were murdered. Most of the survivors left Europe for outsourcing essay, the USA, South America, Canada, Australia, the UK, and Palestine. There they sought to rebuild their lives, learn new languages, start new families, and live with the continuing torment of the donald, memory of mass murder, and the destruction of outsourcing essay their own loved ones and communities. In many countries, museums and memorials have been set up to remember the victims of the Final Solution, which is known in Yiddish as the expository instruments, Destruction ( Churban ), in Hebrew as the Catastrophe ( Shoah ), and, more generally, as the Holocaust. Special ceremonies are now held by Jews throughout the outsourcing hr functions essay, world on Holocaust Memorial Day. The anniversaries of Kristallnacht, and of the romeo, Warsaw Ghetto uprising, are also widely commemorated.

In the immediate aftermath of the war, several dozen camp commandants and hr functions, functionaries were executed, some on research paper outline, the spot, others after trials. Further trials continued, mostly in hr functions essay the Federal German Republic, into the 1990s. In 1988, legislation was passed in Canada and Australia to bring to trial perpetrators of mass murder; in 1991 the British parliament approved similar legislation. Essay Virtue! The issue of reparations was largely resolved within a decade of the end of the war. On 10 September 1952, in Luxemburg City Hall, Israel and West Germany (both of outsourcing essay them states which had been created after the war) signed the Luxemburg Treaty, under which the West German government agreed to pay substantial sums of faces coursework money both to Israel and to Jewish organizations, as reparation for 'material damage' suffered by the Jews at the hands of the Nazis. Communist East Germany refused to participate in this agreement, but in 1990 the newly-established non-communist government of East Germany (subsequently merged with that of West Germany) agreed in principle to the payment of reparations to outsourcing hr functions surviving Jewish victims of Nazi persecution.

Several thousand Jews were saved from deportation and death by non-Jews who, at the risk of their own lives, hid and helped them. On 19 August 1953 the donald hall essay poetry, Israeli parliament passed a law making it the duty of the outsourcing, State of Israel to recognize the work done by non-Jews in saving Jewish lives during the war. An expression of honour, 'Righteous among the Nations', was awarded, in the name of the Jewish people, to every non-Jewish person or family who had risked their lives to save Jews. Evidence of hidden coursework such action has to come initially from one of those who were actually saved. At Yad Vashem, the national Holocaust memorial and archive in Jerusalem, an 'Avenue of the Righteous' was begun in 1962, where each non-Jew who is honoured plants a tree, or has a tree planted in his or her name. Outsourcing Hr Functions Essay! By 1990, more than 2,000, among them Oskar Schindler, had been thus honoured. A substantial literature about the Final Solution exists, much of it published in coursework the 1980s and in large part the testimony of hr functions essay survivors.

Several ghetto diaries and chronicles have been found and essay virtue, published, including the mass of material assembled in the Warsaw Ghetto by the historian Emanuel Ringelblum and his circle, all of whom perished during the outsourcing, war. Essay Virtue! Further volumes of the recollections of survivors are published every few days; each one adds something to our existing knowledge of the fate of an estimated ten thousand Jewish communities throughout Europe, whose lives, and also whose life and outsourcing essay, culture, was destroyed between 1939 and 1945.