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AQA Physical Education Coursework. Extracts from this document. AQA GCSE PE/Games Health-related Exercise/ Training Program Candidate name: Candidate no: Centre number: Sport/Activity: Rugby (Games candidates must do a game activity). Training method: Circuit Training _____________________________________ For Teacher use only helpful Teacher: Group: Planning (Max 20) Performing (Max 20) Monitoring (Max 10) Evaluating (Max 20) Blank page for your use Planning Purpose/aim of the program. Personal fitness profile. Explain how fit you think you are, and stone essay if you have any injuries or health problems. Outline how much physical activity you get in a typical week.
State what targets you expect to achieve by homework harmful helpful, the end of the 5 sessions in terms of letter career, aspects of harmful helpful, fitness/skills you want to improve. 5 marks Awareness of safety aspects. Outline any potential risks with any apparatus/equipment. Profit. What factors will you need to homework helpful essay consider when planning the order/types of manager essay, exercises? Explain how and harmful helpful why you will prepare your body for essay, exercise/and help it to homework essay recover afterwards. 5 marks Appropriateness of chosen exercises. Explain why you have chosen at least two of the exercises/ activities and manager skills essay how they will help you achieve your targets. Homework Harmful Essay. 5 marks Appropriate application. Explain how your training will progress each time and how you will be working harder. Alzheimer's Paper. 5 marks Performing (Teacher's Marks) Implementation with control/consistency/ease Completion safely and efficiently Attitude/motivation towards improving Effectiveness/appropriateness of warm up/cool down 20 marks Monitoring Record your results after each exercise. . read more.
60 At the end of exercise: 164 At 30 seconds intervals after finishing: 140/116/95/80/76/67/62 Recovery time: 3 minutes = 2 marks Concluding Statement/summary of homework harmful, results 2 marks My recovery rate improved through the hass, course of the 5 sessions, and so therefore, my level of homework, fitness was increasing. My heart rate rose during the 3rd and 4th sessions but this was only because I had caught cold as I recovered my heart rate slowed and even slowed past the starting rate this shows that the exercise had been of a higher intensity each time. My heart was beating at the same rate at manager essay the end of homework harmful helpful, session was as it was after the much more intense exercise after session 5. I felt much more able to cope with each session and got my breath back quicker too. It also shows that I improved because my heart rate was the alzheimer's, same after each session and because the sessions got harder and more intensive and my heart was not working any harder. This shows I had made progress from session 1 to 5 I also felt that my asthma had improved and harmful essay I was able to breathe a lot easier too after the sessions. Essay Against. This also meant that I got my breath back faster. Homework Harmful Helpful. Evaluation Planning Make comments to cover letter change to non explain the statements/questions in harmful, the first column (max 6 marks) . read more. to pump around white blood cells and acknowledgements thesis now it had to work even harder/2 Final evaluation Make comments to homework helpful essay explain the statements/questions in the first column (max 6 marks) Refer to your post test scores When I had completed the five sessions I did the Illinois agility Test again. This time I got a time of 15.03 seconds This not only demonstrates an improved fitness level, as my score is higher but also shows I had improved as I could repeat the test and consecutively get under my original time of 15.49 seconds. /2 Was the program easy to manage (set up, do, record progress etc)? /2 Explain what progress or improvements you have made because of completing the program. My cardio respiratory system had obviously developed as it could cope with supplying oxygen to the working muscles. I improved agility as I found it almost easy to complete the essay against watching television, exercises in well over the targets I set for the 1st session.
I improved my hand eye co-ordination as I found it almost 2nd nature to receive and pass a ball it became a reflex and I could complete the same number of passes I did with a big ball at the beginning as I could with a harder little ball at the end /2 Did you enjoy it and homework helpful essay work to your limit? How do you know? /2 If you were going to continue with the program what changes would you make. /2 . read more. This student written piece of work is essay one of many that can be found in our GCSE Exercise and harmful helpful essay Training section. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Stone Essay. Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related GCSE Exercise and Training essays. foot * Volley * Laces * Lob Tackling * Center * Rear * Slide * Side Set Piece: * Kick-off * Goal kick * Penalty kick * Free kick * Throwing * Corner Dribbling: * Set over homework helpful, * Skills * Sprinting * Dummying * Body Swerve PE GCSE Coursework: Section.
P.E Practice match Football (school) Football (school) Rest Even. Term Paper. Accuracy Training Endurance Training Strength Training Gym - Circuit training Endurance Training Accuracy Training Gym (Rowing Machine) Week 1 2 The levels of training in week 1 and 2 will be not worked hard as it would get my body. After watching the team play I have gathered some important information on them; Aimee seems to homework helpful have trouble at getting away from cover career change profit her defender in the shooting area. She is quick, but doesn't always use her speed when she needs to. Harmful Essay. Personal exercise programme - Like all martial artists I feel that I am . Flexibility exercises or stretches should be held for hass essay images, varying times depending on the objective. To improve flexibility, it is homework essay best to do stretching during cool-down. Type. Type refers to the kind of exercise performed. Focus the part of for a thesis, body I wish to homework essay improve. This is dependent on robert images, whether you have 'peaked' or not. For instance during puberty, your body is harmful helpful not as fully developed as for example a 20 year-old.
This means that in certain stages in manager, your life, weight training should be avoided. I also think that improving my cardio vascular fitness will help me become more healthy and homework helpful essay become fit and not get so tired during long periods of activities such as running. Training Program Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Week 1 20 lengths Rest 400m Rest 6 mile bike. the muscle cells, which in turn helps to reduce the amount of oxygen defected when you start the session or match. Warm ups should also warm the muscles up in order to mobile the joints and there fore makes the muscles work a lot better. balanced and level in the water, or make it slightly back heavy if the wind is robert hass essay strong enough to homework harmful get the boat plaining. When balancing a close hauled boat you have to lean backwards over the side of the boat a long way to counter the sails. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work.
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Is Homework Harmful Or Helpful Essay
laura mulveys essay Visual Pleasure in Narrative Cinema. A. A Political Use of Psychoanalysis. This paper intends to use psychoanalysis to homework, discover where and how the fascination of film is reinforced by pre-existing patterns of fascination already at work within the individual subject and the social formations that have moulded him. It takes as starting point the way film reflects, reveals and even plays on the straight, socially established interpretation of sexual difference which controls images, erotic ways of looking and for a thesis, spectacle. It is helpful to understand what the cinema has been, how its magic has worked in homework harmful the past, while attempting a theory and a practice which will challenge this cinema of the past. Psychoanalytic theory, is thus appropriated here as a political weapon, demonstrating the way the unconscious of patriarchal society has structured film form. The paradox of phallocentrism in all its manifestations is that it depends on the image of the castrated woman to give order and meaning to its world. An idea of woman stands as lynch pin to the system it is for a her lack that produces the phallus as a symbolic presence, it is her desire to make good the lack that the phallus signifies.
Recent writing in Screen about psychoanalysis and the cinema has not sufficiently brought out the importance of the representation of the female form in a symbolic order in which, in the last resort, it speaks castration and nothing else. To summarise briefly: the function of woman in forming the patriarclal unconscious is two-fold, she first symbolises the castration threat by her real absence of a penis and second thereby raises her child into the symbolic. Once this has been achieved, her meaning in the process is at homework helpful an end, it does not last into the world of law and language except as a memory which oscillates between memory of maternal plenitude and memory of acknowledgements for a lack. Both are posited on homework helpful essay nature (or on anatomy in Freud's famous phrase). Woman's desire is subjected to her image as bearer of the bleeding wound, she can exist only in relation to term, castration and cannot transcend it. She turns her child into the signifier of her own desire to possess a penis (the condition, she imagines, of entry into the symbolic). Either she must gracefully give way to the word, the Name of the Father and the Law, or else struggle to keep her child down with her in the half-light of the imaginary. Woman then stands in patriarchal culture as signifier for the male other, bound by a symbolic order in which man can live out his phantasies and homework harmful, obsessions through linguistic command by imposing them on the silent image of woman still tied to her place as bearer of meaning, not maker of meaning. There is an obvious interest in this analysis for feminists, a beauty in its exact rendering of the frustration experienced under the phallocentric order.
It gets us nearer to the roots of our oppression, it brings an articulation of the problem closer, it faces us with the ultimate challenge: how to fight the unconscious structured like a language (formed critically at the moment of arrival of cover profit language) while still caught within the language of the patriarchy. There is no 'way' in homework harmful helpful essay which we can produce an alternative of the blue, but we can begin to alzheimer's term, make a break by homework harmful helpful essay, examining patriarchy with the tools it provides, of which psychoanalysis is not the only but an important one. We are still separated by a great gap from important issues for the female unconscious which are scarcely relevant to phallocentric theory: the sexing of the manager skills essay female infant and her relationship to the symbolic, the harmful helpful sexually mature woman as non-mother, maternity outside the signification of the phallus, the vagina. . . But, at this point, psychoanalytic theory as it now stands can at least advance our understanding of the status quo, of the patriarchal order in which we are caught. B. Destruction of Pleasure as a Radical Weapon. As an advanced representation system, the cinema poses questions of the ways the unconscious (formed by the dominant order) structures ways of seeing and pleasure in looking.
Cinema has changed over the last few decades. It is no longer the monolithic system based on large capital investment exemplified at its best by Hollywood in the 1930'S, 1940'S and 1950's. Technological advances (16mm, etc) have changed the economic conditions of cinematic production, which can now be artisanal as well as capitalist. Thus it has been possible for an alternative cinema to develop. However self-conscious and ironic Hollywood managed to be, it always restricted itself to a formal mise-en-scene reflecting the dominant ideological concept of the cinema. Term! The alternative cinema provides a space for a cinema to be born which is radical in homework harmful helpful both a political and an aesthetic sense and challenges the basic assumptions of the mainstream film.
This is not to reject the acknowledgements thesis latter moralisticallly, but to highlight the ways in which its formal pre-occupations reflect the harmful psychical obsessions of the society which produced it, and, further, to stress that the alternative cinema must start specifically by reacting against manager essay, these obsessions and assumptions. A politically and aesthetically avant-garde cinema is now possible, but it can still only exist as counterpoint. The magic of the Hollywood style at its best (and of all the cinema which fell within its sphere of influence) arose, not exclusively, but in one important aspect, from its skilled and satisfying manipulation of visual pleasure. Unchallenged, mainstream film coded the erotic into the language of the dominant patriarchal order. In the helpful highly developed Hollywood cinema it was only through these codes that the alienated subject, torn in his imaginary memory by a sense of loss, by the terror of potential lack in phantasy, came near to oliver stone essay, finding a glimpse of satisfaction: through its formal beauty and its play on his own formative obsessions. This article will discuss the interweaving of that erotic pleasure in film, its meaning, and in particular the central place of the homework harmful helpful essay image of woman.
It is said that analysing pleasure, or beauty, destroys it. That is the intention of thesis this article. Homework Helpful! The satisfaction and manager skills essay, reinforcement of the ego, that represent the high point of homework essay film history hitherto must be attacked. Not in favour of a reconstructed new pleasure, which cannot exist in the abstract, nor of intellectualised unpleasure, but to make way for a total negation of the ease and plenitude of the acknowledgements narrative fiction film. The alternative is the thrill that comes from leaving the past behind without rejecting it, transcending outworn or oppressive forms, or daring to break with normal pleasurable expectations in homework order to conceive a new language of desire. II Pleasure in Looking/Fascination with the Human Form. A. The cinema offers a number of possible pleasures. One is scopophilia. Alzheimer's Term Paper! There are circumstances in which looking itself is a source of pleasure, just as, in the reverse formation, there is pleasure in being looked at. Originally, in his Three Essays on Sexuality , Freud isolated scopophilia as one of the component instincts of harmful essay sexuality which exist as drives quite independently of the erotogenic zones. At this point he associated scopophilia with taking other people as objects, subjecting them to a controlling and curious gaze.
His particular examples centre around the voyeuristic activities of children, their desire to robert hass essay images, see and harmful, make sure of the private and the forbidden (curiosity about other people's genital and bodily functions, about the presence or absence of the penis and, retrospectively, about the primal scene). In this analysis scopophilia is essentially active. (Later, in Instincts and their Vicissitudes , Freud developed his theory of scopophiia further, attaching it initially to pre-genital auto-eroticism, after which the pleasure of the look is transferred to stone essay, others by analogy. Homework Helpful Essay! There, is a close working here of the relationship between the active instinct and its further development in a narcissistic form.) Although the cover letter career to non profit instinct is modified by other factors, in particular the constitution of the ego, it continues to exist as the homework harmful essay erotic basis for pleasure in looking at essay for and against television another person as object. At the extreme, it can become fixated into a perversion, producing obsessive voyeurs and homework essay, Peeping Toms, whose only sexual satisfaction can come from robert hass images watching, in an active controlling sense, an objectified other. At first glance, the cinema would seem to be remote from the undercover world of the homework surreptitious observation of an unknowing and cover letter change, unwilling victim. What is seen of the screen is so manifestly shown.
But the mass of harmful helpful essay mainstream film, and the conventions within which it has consciously evolved, portray a hermetically sealed world which unwinds magically, indifferent to the presence of the for and watching audience, producing for them a sense of separation and plan on their voyeuristic phantasy. Moreover, the extreme contrast between the darkness in the auditorium (which also isolates the spectators from one another) and the brilliance of the shifting patterns of light and shade on the screen helps to promote the homework helpful illusion of voyeuristic separation. Although the film is really being shown, is there to be seen, conditions of screening and oliver essay, narrative conventions give the harmful spectator an illusion of looking in on a private world. Among other things, the position of the spectators in the cinema is blatantly one of repression of cover letter change to non profit their exhibitionism and projection of the repressed desire on to the performer. B. The cinema satisfies a primordial wish for pleasurable looking, but it also goes further, developing scopophilia in its narcissistic aspect. The conventions of mainstream film focus attention on the human form.
Scale, space, stories are all anthropomorphic. Here, curiosity and the wish to look intermingle with a fascination with, likeness and recognition: the human face, the human body, the relationship between the human form and its surroundings, the visible presence of the person in the world. Jacques Lacan has described how the helpful essay moment when a child recognises its own image in the mirror is change to non crucial for homework harmful helpful the constitution of the ego. Television! Several aspects of this analysis are relevant here. The mirror phase occurs at a time when the child's physical ambitions outstrip his motor capacity, with the result that his recognition of homework essay himself is joyous in that he imagines his mirror image to be more complete, more perfect than he experiences his own body. Recognition is essay images thus overlaid with misrecognition: the homework harmful helpful image recognised is conceived as the reflected body of the self, but its misrecognition as superior projects this body outside itself as an ideal ego, the alienated subject, which, re-introjected as an ego ideal, gives rise to the future generation of identification with others. This mirror-moment predates language for the child. Important for this article is the fact that it is an image that constitutes the matrix of the imaginary, of recognition/mis-recognition and identification, and hence of the first articulation of the 'I', of thesis subjectivity. This is helpful essay a moment when an older, fascination with looking (at the mother's face, for an obvious example) collides with the initial inklings of self-awareness. Hence it is the letter change birth of the long love affair/despair between image and self-image which has found such intensity of expression in film and such joyous recognition in the cinema audience. Quite apart from the extraneous similarities between screen and mirror (the framing of the human form in its surroundings, for instance), the cinema has structures of harmful helpful essay fascination strong enough to allow temporary loss of against watching television ego while simultaneously reinforcing the ego.
The sense of forgetting the world as the ego has subsequently come to perceive it (I forgot who I am and where I was) is nostalgically reminiscent of that pre-subjective moment of image recognition. At the homework essay same time the cinema has distinguished itself in essay the production of ego, ideals as expressed in particular in the star system, the stars centring both screen presence and screen story as they act out a complex process of likeness and difference (the glamorous impersonates the ordinary). C. Sections II. A and B have set out two contradictory aspects of the pleasurable structures of looking, in the conventional cinematic situation. The first, scopophilic, arises from pleasure in using another person as an object of sexual stimulation through sight. The second, developed through narcissism and homework harmful, the constitution of the ego, comes from identification with the image seen. Thus, in film terms, one implies a separation of the cover letter career to non erotic identity of the subject from the object on the screen (active scopophilia), the other demands identification of the ego with the object on the screen through the spectator's fascination with and recognition of his like. The first is harmful essay a function of the sexual instincts, the second of ego libido. This dichotomy was crucial for Freud.
Although he saw the two as interacting and overlaying each other, the tension between instinctual drives and self-preservation continues to manager, be a dramatic polarisation in terms of pleasure. Both are formative structures, mechanisms not meaning. In themselves they have no signification, they have to be attached to an idealisation. Both pursue aims in harmful helpful indifference to perceptual reality, creating the imagised, eroticised concept of the world that forms the oliver perception of the subject and makes a mockery of empirical objectivity. During its history, the cinema seems to have evolved a particular illusion of reality in harmful which this contradiction between libido and ego has found a beautifully complementary phantasy world.
In reality the phantasy world of the screen is subject to the law which produces it. Sexual instincts and paper, identification processes have a meaning within the symbolic order which articulates desire. Desire, born with language, allows the possibility of transcending the instinctual and the imaginary, but its point of reference continually returns to the traumatic moment of its birth: the castration complex. Hence the look, pleasurable in form, can be threatening in content, and it is woman as representation/image that crystallises this paradox. III Woman as Image, Man as Bearer of the Look. A. In a world ordered by sexual imbalance, pleasure in looking has been split between active/male and passive/female. The determining male gaze projects its phantasy on to the female figure which is styled accordingly.
In their traditional exhibitionist role women are simultaneously looked at and displayed, with their appearance coded for strong visual and erotic impact so that they can be said to connote to-be-looked-at-ness . Woman displayed as sexual object is the leit-motif of homework helpful erotic spectacle: from manager essay pin-ups to strip-tease, from Ziegfeld to Busby Berkeley, she holds the look, plays to and signifies male desire. Mainstream film neatly combined spectacle and narrative. Essay! (Note, however, how in the musical song-and-dance numbers break the flow of the diegesis.) The presence of essay woman is an indispensable element of spectacle in normal narrative film, yet her visual presence tends to work against the development of a story line, to freeze the flow of helpful essay action in moments of erotic contemplation. Letter Profit! This alien presence then has to be integrated into cohesion with the narrative. As Budd Boetticher has put it: 'What counts is what the heroine provokes, or rather what she represents. She is the one, or rather the love or fear she inspires in the hero, or else the concern he feels for her, who makes him act the way he does. In herself the woman has not the slightest importance.' (A recent tendency in narrative film has been to dispense with this problem altogether; hence the development of what Molly Haskell has called the 'buddy movie', in which the active homosexual eroticism of the central male figures can carry the story without distraction.) Traditionally, the woman displayed has functioned on two levels: as erotic object for the characters within the screen story, and as erotic object for the spectator within the auditorium, with a shifting tension between the looks on homework helpful either side of the screen. For instance, the device of the acknowledgements thesis show-girl allows the two looks to be unified technically without any apparent break in the diegesis. Homework Harmful Essay! A woman performs within the narrative, the gaze of the spectator and that of the male characters in the film are neatly combined without breaking narrative verisimilitude. For a moment the sexual impact of the performing woman takes the film into a no-man's-land outside its own time and space.
Thus Marilyn Monroe's first appearance in The River No Return and Lauren Bacall's songs in acknowledgements for a To Have or Have Not . Homework Harmful Helpful Essay! Similarly, conventional close-ups of legs (Dietrich, for for a instance) or a face (Garbo) integrate into the narrative a different mode of eroticism. One part of a fragmented body destroys the Renaissance space, the illusion of depth demanded by the narrative, it gives flatness, the quality of a cut-out or icon rather than verisimilitude to the screen. B. An active/passive heterosexual division of labour has similarly controlled narrative structure. According to the principles of the ruling ideology and the psychical structures that back it up, the homework essay male figure cannot bear the burden of sexual objectification. Man is acknowledgements thesis reluctant to gaze at his exhibitionist like. Hence the split between spectacle and narrative supports the man's role as the active one of forwarding the story, making things happen. The man controls the film phantasy and harmful helpful, also emerges as the against representative of power in a further sense: as the bearer of the look of the spectator, transferring it behind the screen to neutralise the extradiegetic tendencies represented by woman as spectacle. This is made possible through the processes set in motion by homework harmful helpful, structuring the film around a main controlling figure with whom the spectator can identify. As the spectator identifies with the essay main male  protagonist, he projects his look on to that of his like, his screen surrogate, so that the power of the male protagonist as he controls events coincides with the active power of the erotic look, both giving a satisfying sense of omnipotence. A male movie star's glamorous characteristics are thus not those of the erotic object of the gaze, but those of the harmful helpful essay more perfect, more complete, more powerful ideal ego conceived in the original moment of skills essay recognition in front of the mirror.
The character in harmful helpful essay the story can make things happen and control events better than the subject/spectator, just as the image in the mirror was more in letter change to non control of motor co-ordination. In contrast to woman as icon, the harmful helpful essay active male figure (the ego ideal of the identification process) demands a three dimensional space corresponding to that of the hass mirror-recognition in which the alienated subject internalised his own representation of this imaginary existence. Harmful! He is for and against a figure in a landscape. Here the function of film is to reproduce as accurately as possible the so-called natural conditions of human perception. Camera technology (as exemplified by deep focus in particular) and camera movements (determined by the action of the helpful protagonist), combined with invisible editing (demanded by realism) all tend to blur the limits of screen space. The male protagonist is free to command the stage, a stage of spatial illusion in skills essay which he articulates the look and creates the helpful essay action.
C.1 Sections III. A and B have set out a tension between a mode of representation of woman in film and conventions surrounding the diegesis. Each is associated with a look: that of the spectator in direct scopophilic contact with the female form displayed for his enjoyment (connoting male phantasy) and that of the spectator fascinated with the image of his like set in an illusion of natural space, and through him gaining control and manager, possession of the woman within the diegesis. (This tension and the shift from one pole to the other can structure a single text. Thus both in Only Angels Have Wings and in To Have and Have Not, the film opens with the woman as object of the combined gaze of spectator and all the helpful essay male protagonists in the film. She is alzheimer's isolated, glamorous, on display, sexualised. But as the narrative progresses she falls in love with the homework essay main male protagonist and becomes his property, losing her outward glamorous characteristics, her generalised sexuality, her show-girl connotations; her eroticism is subjected to the male star alone. By means of identification with him, through participation in his power, the spectator can indirectly possess her too.) But in against television psychoanalytic terms, the female figure poses a deeper problem. She also connotes something that the look continually circles around but disavows: her lack of a penis, implying a threat of harmful helpful castration and hence unpleasure. Ultimately, the meaning of woman is sexual difference, the absence of the penis as visually ascertainable, the material evidence on which is based the castration complex essential for the organisation of entrance to the symbolic order and the law of the father.
Thus the woman as icon, displayed for the gaze and enjoyment of men, the active controllers of the look, always threatens to manager, evoke the anxiety it originally signified. The male unconscious has two avenues of escape from this castration anxiety preoccupation with the re-enactment of the original trauma (investigating the woman, demystifying her mystery) counterbalanced by the devaluation, punishment or saving of the guilty object (an avenue typified by the concerns of the film noir ); or else complete disavowal of castration by the substitution of a fetish object or turning the represented figure itself into a fetish so that it becomes reassuring rather than dangerous (hence over-valuation, the cult of the female star). This second avenue, fetishistic scopophilia, builds up the physical beauty of the object, transforming it into something satisfying in itself. The first avenue, voyeurism, on the contrary, has associations with sadism: pleasure lies in ascertaining guilt (immediately associated with castration), asserting control and subjecting the guilty person through punishment or forgiveness. This sadistic side fits in well with narrative. Sadism demands a story, depends on making something happen, forcing a change in another person, a battle of will and strength, victory/defeat, all occuring in homework a linear time with a beginning and an end. Oliver Stone! Fetishistic scopophilia, on the other hand, can exist outside linear time as the erotic instinct is focussed on homework the look alone. Essay For And Watching Television! These contradictions and ambiguities can be illustrated more simply by using works by Hitchcock and Sternberg, both of homework essay whom take the look almost as the content or subject matter of many of their films. Hitchcock is the more complex, as he uses both mechanisms. Sternberg's work, on the other hand, provides many pure examples of alzheimer's paper fetishistic scopophilia.
C.2 It is well known that Sternberg once said he would welcome his films being projected upside down so that story and character involvement would not interfere with the spectator's undiluted appreciation of the screen image. This statement is revealing but ingenuous. Ingenuous in that his films do demand that the figure of the woman (Dietrich, in the cycle of films with her, as the ultimate example) should be identifiable. But revealing in that it emphasises the homework harmful helpful fact that for term him the pictorial space enclosed by homework helpful essay, the frame is paramount rather than narrative or identification processes. While Hitchcock goes into skills, the investigative side of voyeurism, Sternberg produces the ultimate fetish, taking it to the point where the powerful look of the male protagonist (characteristic of traditional narrative film) is homework harmful helpful essay broken in favour of the image in hass images direct erotic rapport with the spectator.
The beauty of the woman as object and homework, the screen space coalesce; she is no longer the bearer of guilt but a perfect product, whose body, stylised and fragmented by close-ups, is the content of the film and the direct recipient of the spectator's look Sternberg plays down the illusion of oliver screen depth, his screen tends to be one-dimensional, as light and homework essay, shade, lace, steam, foliage, net, streamers, etc. reduce the visual field. Robert! There is little or no mediation of the look through the eyes of the main male protagonist. On the contrary, shadowy presences like La Bessiere in Morocco act as surrogates for the director, detached as they are from audience identification. Despite Sternberg's insistence that his stories are irrelevant, it is significant that they are concerned with situation, not suspense, and cyclical rather than linear time, while plot complications revolve around misunderstanding rather than conflict. Homework Helpful Essay! The most important absence is that of the controlling male gaze within the screen scene. The high point of emotional drama in the most typical Dietrich films, her supreme moments of erotic meaning, take place in the absence of the man she loves in the fiction. There are other witnesses, other spectators watching her on the screen, their gaze is one with, not standing in for, that of the audience. At the end of cover change profit Morocco , Tom Brown has already disappeared into the desert when Amy Jolly kicks off her gold sandals and walks after him. At the harmful essay end of cover letter to non Dishonoured , Kranau is homework indifferent to the fate of Magda. In both cases, the erotic impact, sanctified by cover change, death, is essay displayed as a spectacle for cover to non profit the audience. Homework Essay! The male hero misunderstands and, above all, does not see.
In Hitchcock, by contrast, the male hero does see precisely what the audience sees. However, in the films I shall discuss here, he takes fascination with an image through scopophiic eroticism as the subject of the film. Moreover, in these cases the hero portrays the contradictions and oliver, tensions experienced by the spectator. In Vertigo in particular, but also in Marnie and Rear Window , the look is central to harmful essay, the plot, oscillating between voyeurism and fetishistic fascination. As a twist, a further manipulation of the normal viewing process which in some sense reveals it, Hitchcock uses the process of identification normally associated with ideological correctness and the recognition of established morality and shows up its perverted side. Hitchcock has never concealed his interest in voyeurism, cinematic and non-cinematic. His heroes are exemplary of the symbolic order and the law - a policeman (Vertigo) a dominant male possessing money and power (Marnie) - but their erotic drives lead them into essay, compromised situations. Homework Harmful Essay! The power to subject another person to the will sadistically or to the gaze voyeuristically is turned on to the woman as the object of both. Power is backed by a certainty of legal right and the established guilt of the woman (evoking castration, psychoanalytically speaking).
True perversion is barely concealed under a shallow mask of ideology correctness - the man is on letter career the right side of the law, the woman on helpful essay the wrong. Hitchcock's skilful use of identification processes and liberal use of subjective camera from the point of view of the male protagonist draw the spectators deeply into his position, making them share his uneasy gaze. The audience is manager skills absorbed into a voyeuristic situation within the screen scene and homework essay, diegesis which parodies his own in the cinema. In his analysis of Rear Window , Douchet takes the film as a metaphor for the cinema. Jeffries is the audience, the hass essay images events in the apartment block opposite correspond to the screen. As he watches, an erotic dimension is added to his look, a central image to the drama. His girlfriend Lisa had been of little sexual interest to him, more or less a drag, so long as she remained on the spectator side.
When she crosses the barrier between his room and the block opposite, their relationship is re-born erotically. He does not merely watch her through his lens, as a distant meaningful image, he also sees her as a guilty intruder exposed by a dangerous man threatening her with punishment, and thus finally save her. Lisa's exhibitionism has already been established by her obsessive interest in dress and style, in being a passive image of helpful essay visual perfection; Jeffries voyeurism and cover letter career to non, activity have also been established through his work as a photo-journalist, a maker of stories and captor of images. However, his enforced inactivity, binding him to his seat as a spectator, puts him squarely in the phantasy position of the cinema audience. In Vertigo , subjective camera predominates. Apart from one flash-back from Judy's point of view, the homework harmful essay narrative is woven around what Scottie sees or fails to see. The audience follows the growth of his erotic obsession and subsequent despair precisely from his point of view. Scottie's voyeurism is blatant: he falls in love with a woman he follows and spies on without speaking to. Its sadistic side is equally blatant: he has chosen (and freely chosen, for he had been a successful lawyer) to be a policeman, with all the attendant possibilities of pursuit and investigation.
As a result, he follows, witches and falls in love with a perfect image of female beauty and mystery. Once he actually confronts her, his erotic drive is to break her down and force her to tell by persistent cross-questioning. Then, in the second part of the film, he re-enacts his obsessive involvement with the image he, loved to watch secretly. He reconstructs Judy as Madeleine, forces her to conform in every detail to the actual physical appearance of his fetish. Her exhibitionism, her masochism, make her an ideal passive counterpart to Scottie's active sadistic voyeurism. She knows her part is to against watching, perform, and only by playing it through and then replaying it can she keep Scottie's erotic interest.
But in the repetition he does break her down and succeeds in helpful essay exposing her guilt. His curiosity wins through and she is punished. In Vertigo , erotic involvement with the essay look is disorientating: the spectator's fascination is turned against him as the narrative carries him through and entwines him with the processes that he is essay himself exercising. The Hitchcock hero here is firmly placed within the for a thesis symbolic order, in narrative terms. He has all the attributes of the partriachal super-ego. Hence the spectator, lulled into a false sense of security by the apparent legality of his surrogate, sees through his look and finds himself exposed as complicit, caught in the moral ambiguity of homework harmful helpful essay looking. Far from being simply an skills, aside on the perversion of the helpful essay police, Vertigo focuses on the implications of the active/looking, passive/looked-at split in terms of sexual difference and for and against watching, the power of the male symbolic encapsulated in helpful the hero. Marnie, too, performs for term paper Mark Rutland's gaze and masquerades as the perfect to-be-looked-at image. He, too, is on the side of the law until, drawn in by obsession with her guilt, her secret, he longs to see her in the act of committing a crime, make her confess and harmful essay, thus save her.
So he, too, becomes complicit as he acts out the implications of his power. He controls money and manager essay, words, he can have his cake and harmful, eat it. The psychoanalytic background that has been discussed in thesis this article is relevant to harmful essay, the pleasure and unpleasure offered by robert essay images, traditional narrative film. The scopophilic instinct (pleasure in looking at another person as an harmful helpful essay, erotic object), and, in contradistinction, ego libido (forming identification processes) act as formations, mechanisms, which this cinema has played on. The image of woman as (passive) raw material for term paper the (active) gaze of man takes the argument a step further into the structure of representation, adding a further layer demanded by the ideology of the helpful patriarchal order as it is worked out in its favourite cinematic form - illusionistic narrative film. The argument returns again to the psychoanalytic background in that woman as representation signifies castration, inducing voyeuristic or fetishistic mechanisms to circumvent her threat. None of these interacting layers is intrinsic to film, but it is only in the film form that they can reach a perfect and beautiful contradiction, thanks to the possibility in the cinema of shifting the emhpasis of the look.
It is the place of the hass look that defines cinema, the possibility of varying it and exposing it. This is what makes cinema quite different in its voyeuristic potential from, say, striptease, theatre, shows, etc. Going far beyond highlighting a woman's to-be-looked-at-ness, cinema builds the way she is to be looked at helpful essay into, the spectacle itself. Playing on the tension between film as controlling the career change profit dimension of time (editing, narrative) and film as controlling the dimension of space (changes in harmful distance, editing), cinematic codes create a gaze, a world, and an object, thereby producing an illusion cut to the measure of desire. It is these cinematic codes and their relationship to formative external structures that must be broken down before mainstream film and the pleasure it provides can be challenged. To begin with (as an ending), the voyeuristic-scopophilic look that is a crucial part of traditional filmic pleasure can itself be broken down. There are three different looks associated with cinema: that of the camera as it records the pro-filmic event, that of the audience as it watches the final product, and that of the characters at each other within the screen illusion. The conventions of narrative film deny the first two and acknowledgements thesis, subordinate them to the third, the conscious aim being always to eliminate intrusive camera presence and prevent a distancing awareness in the audience.
Without these two absences (the material existence of the homework essay recording process, the critical reacting of the spectator), fictional drama cannot achieve reality, obviousness and truth. Nevertheless, as this article has argued, the structure of looking in narrative fiction film contains a contradiction in its own premises: the female image as a castration threat constantly endangers the unity of the diegesis and bursts through the world of illusion as an term, intrusive, static, one-dimensional fetish. Thus the two looks materially present in time and homework helpful, space are obsessively subordinated to the neurotic needs of the male ego. The camera becomes the mechanism for producing an illusion of Renaissance space, flowing movements compatible with the human eye, an ideology of representation that revolves around the perception of the subject; the camera's look is robert images disavowed in order to create a convincing world in which the spectator's surrogate can perform with verisimilitude. Simultaneously, the look of the audience is denied, an intrinsic force: as soon as fetishistic representation of the female image threatens to break the spell of illusion, and homework essay, the erotic image on the screen appears directly (without mediation) to the spectator, the fact of fetishisation, concealing as it does castration fear, freezes the look, fixates the spectator and watching, prevents him from achieving, any distance from the harmful helpful essay image in front of him. This complex interaction of acknowledgements for a thesis looks is homework harmful essay specific to film. The first blow against the monolithic accumulation of traditional film conventions (already undertaken by radical film-makers) is to free the look of the camera into essay for and television, its materiality in time and space and the look of the audience into dialectics, passionate detachment. There is helpful no doubt that this destroys the satisfaction, pleasure and privilege of the alzheimer's paper 'invisible guest', and highlights how film has depended on voyeuristic active/passive mechanisms.
Women, whose image has continually been stolen and used for this end, cannot view the homework harmful essay decline of the traditional film form with anything much more than sentimental regret. 1. There are films with a woman as main protagonist, of course. To analyse this phenomenon seriously here would take me too far afield. Pam Cook and Claire Johnston's study of The Revolt of cover career to non profit Mamie Stover in Phil Hardy, ed: Raoul Walsh, Edinburgh 1974, shows in a striking case how the strength of this female protagonist is more apparent than real. 2. This article is a reworked version of a paper given in helpful the French Department of the letter career change to non University of harmful essay Wisconsin, Madison, in the Spring of 1973.
This essay was first published in Screen, vol. 16, (Autumn 1975), pp 6-18.
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What Do You Think of an SAT Essay Question About Reality TV? Questions about issues in the news for students 13 and homework harmful helpful essay, older. Some versions of the SAT test given last week contained an essay prompt asking students to essay write about reality television. What do you think of asking students to write about pop culture and television on a high-stakes test like this? Why? Every year, the SAT reduces more than a few teenage test-takers to tears. But few questions on the so-called Big Test appear to have provoked more anxious chatter — at harmful essay, least in this era of texting and alzheimer's term paper, online comment streams and discussion threads — than an essay prompt in homework some versions of the SAT administered last Saturday in which students were asked to opine on essay reality television. …By Wednesday, comments on the now-infamous prompt — which included the homework harmful, question, “How authentic can these shows be when producers design challenges for the participants and then editors alter filmed scenes?” — had stretched across nearly 40 pages on College Confidential. Manager Essay! Media coverage added to the scrutiny. Angela Garcia, executive director of the SAT program, said she did not think it was unfair to ask that question of students who had neither the time nor inclination to watch Mike Sorrentino on “Jersey Shore,” or Kim Kardashian on homework helpful “Kourtney #038; Kim Take New York.” “The primary goal of the essay prompt is to give students an opportunity to essay demonstrate their writing skills,” she said.
Students: Tell us how you feel about an SAT essay-writing prompt like this. Homework Essay! Do you agree with executives at the College Board who point out that since “everything you need to write the oliver stone essay, essay is in the essay prompt,” the harmful helpful essay, topic, no matter what it is, should just be an opportunity for you to demonstrate your writing skills? Or do you agree with those who claim a student may be at a disadvantage in acknowledgements answering the question if he or she doesn’t watch reality TV? Even if you don’t like the question, do you think a prompt like this that gives you permission to write about Kim Kardashian and Snooki is harmful helpful, a “welcome respite” from typical SAT questions? What kinds of SAT essay question would you like to see when you take the test? Students 13 and older are invited to comment below. Alzheimer's! Please use only your first name.
The narrow, biased SAT should be retired, along with many other top-down so-called measures of achievement. These attempts to pre-determine student success do little more than punish those who don’t fit the in cover career vogue model of acceptability, narrowing both creativity and cultural diversity. But the fanatical paranoia surrounding it all continues to feed the beast… and we all are hurt by it. I suspect that takers of the homework harmful essay, SAT who are truly intellectually curious would have a high probability of either never seeing a ‘reality TV show’ or just a few snipits. That could hamper their ability to respond to the question, On the other hand, a truly curious person with high cognitive skills tends to understand that popular culture does exist and it is important to for a understand that aspect of the zeitgeist — even while dispising it. One does not have to read the New York Pest (sic) to harmful essay understand why it continues to survive given that it is the worst daily tablod published in this city. An NYTimes site that I can read for free and comment upon. I think the essay question should have asked for students to compare and contrast the differences between Burger King and cover career to non, McDonalds burgers and homework harmful essay, their bottom-line effects on the nation’s citizens. I think that is essay, a straight up stupid idea.
Cause only a few students would either understand the question. I think a lot of SAT question are just dumb. Half the time if your in harmful a lower level class and watching, then they throw stuff at you that is 3 levels above you or stuff you’ve never learned. I mean sure they have to and everything but it some times only benefit the students who do take those classes. but I’d rather have some question about changing the weather rather than some stupid question about jersey shore. Just another sad example of the dumbing down of America. If we’re too uninformed or unskilled to harmful helpful essay make the grade, let’s just lower the bar a little more. We certainly don’t want anyone to alzheimer's term feel badly about themselves for not being able to answer a difficult question, that would infer that we all were not equal. Harmful Essay! Provide a lame question about an inane topic and the intelligent among us will do fine, but the ignorant will also get a fair shot because it’s a topic they know well. Great preparation for paper real life. I think that it is essay, a bad thing that the SAT is manager skills essay, using celebrity gossip and reality TV for homework essay questions.
The SAT is an important and serious exam. Cover Change To Non! But there is nothing serious about celebrities and reality TV. Also if people do not watch reality TV it is an unfair disadvantage to them. The SAT should be asking questions over things that the students have been educated with, not by things that happened to be on TV. I think it was an excellent test question that makes the teenage test takers think a little bit, something that teens don’t do enough of any more. If the helpful, SAT’s would put an essay question on the test about reality TV that would just be downright downgrading! some kids dont even have a tv, how would this be fair to them? Just a stupid idea. Teem Mom or world history? Jersey Shore or the government?
I think that for most teens, they enjoyed this question. Instead of having to answer a question about something that they have no interest or knowledge in, reality television shows give them something to write about that they have an opinion on. I think that they aren’t necessarily looking for what it’s about, but how their grammar is and if they make strong points. I think that having a question about reality TV on the SAT is a good idea. I think that because a lot of people from the letter change to non, ages of about 13 to probably 25 watch reality TV. That is homework helpful essay, a good thing because they know about it and could have a decent passage to write about while taking the test and they know that they will do good on it because they know what they are talking about. Also, people either love reality TV or hate it. So it would be an easy topic to write about. I think that a essay question is a essay question, I doesn’t matter what its about manager skills, because the people who are grading it are not looking to see what you think about the topic they just want to see if you can write about it of not. The students are going to know more about that topic because it’s modern and harmful essay, is better then using a old topic that nobody knows anything about.
So that’s what I think, its just a topic! Please. If the question was about for a, space travel, would students be crying because they’ve never been to space? The prompt tells you literally everything you need to homework harmful essay know about alzheimer's term, reality TV in order to homework essay formulate an essay answer. It’s not supposed to be a research paper on the subject, it’s about manager skills, forming an opinion and developing an argument behind that opinion. Nobody expected the harmful helpful essay, test takers to for and against give a complete rundown of the first season of Jersey Shore, they were just expected to answer the question “How authentic can these shows be when producers design challenges for the participants and then editors alter filmed scenes?” which, with good writing and argument skills, can be easily done.
I think an essay essay on Reality TV is a good idea. Most teenagers these day watch reality tv so they will know more about it. This will most likely raise SAT scores and make schools look better around their conference. Overall I think this is a good idea, and it will raise the scores on this testing. Having an manager skills essay question about reality T.V. on the SAT really isn’t that big of a deal. I watch reality T.V. Helpful Essay! just for the humor of it, so this question doesn’t bother me, though it might for cover letter career some people. Reality T.V. is stupid and it just makes a fool of the people who are on it. But even if they don’t like it, that’s what they can say in their essay, they can show their writing skills by homework, bashing these shows. Hass! In my opinion, questions like these add some interest to the SAT, especially after answering on all of the questions. Students who watch reality shows will actually enjoy writing an essay on the SAT because it is something that they are actually up to date on.
Using Reality TV for an essay question on the SAT is not a good idea. Not all people watch reality TV, so they would have a harder time writing an essay over the topic. Having permission to write about homework, Kim Kardashian and Snooki, is nothing that should be written on a state assessment. Stone Essay! Considering not all people even know who these people are it’s not a good idea. Harmful Essay! SAT essay question should be a topic over a current issue in the world or something that everyone knows about, not on reality TV. Having to write about acknowledgements, a Reality TV show on such an important test, such as the SAT is homework, not appropriate. Some of the individuals who take the exam may not even watch TV at all, let alone Reality TV.
I agree with the essay being essay prompt and it is for a thesis, only to show your own writing skills, but this concept may be hard to helpful grasp with kids not knowing what they are even to write about. Letter Career Change To Non Profit! I believe it is such a broad subject, that not all kids are exposed to. Harmful Essay! It wouldn’t be fair for some of the test takers to get a better score just because they watch “The Situation” get in skills essay bar fights or Kim Kardashian try and find new hook-ups in harmful helpful the club. I think that using a question about reality TV on the SAT, I think, is a good idea. The SAT is already hard and people stress out about it so having a question like this is somthing everyone can answer and essay, will know. When you write an essay you have to know what your talking about and be able to explain yourself and essay, I think by having this on the SAT allowed students to acknowledgements thesis really know what they are saying. Harmful Helpful! The SAT is already hard enough and having a quetion that everyone would know really allowed students to be able to answer it instead of stressing out about the question and watching television, not knowing. I think that using asking about homework harmful essay, reality TV on robert hass the SAT essay is a good idea because I think that people need to know about reality TV.
And If I was asked a question like that I would know a lot to homework harmful helpful write about because I watch a lot of reality TV. Oliver! When you are asked a question like that most people will know how to answer that. Asking about reality TV doesn’t make matters worse, you will get a lot of good answers because of the fact a lot of teenagers are watching reality TV now a days. The SAT already has a lot of homework helpful tough questions as it is and as an essay question it is always good to get a question that people know about and term, would like to answer. I think that the question is a little “out there,” Students would be at a disadvantage if they didn’t watch reality TV.
It really isn’t a very fair question to write at length if you don’t watch what goes on. On the other hand, you would have to homework be really sheltered to not be able to acknowledgements for a answer the homework harmful helpful essay, question at all. Students know what goes on for a in these shows even if they do not participate in watching them themselves. Any student who watches any TV can guess what goes on in these shows and harmful helpful essay, they hear about it all the time. The SAT essay questions are there to show the students ability in writing. Alzheimer's Term Paper! This past year the essay questions were about reality TV, shows such as ‘Jersey Shore’ and ‘Kourtney #038; Kim Take to New York’. Harmful Helpful Essay! In my opinion this can put students at a great disadvantage.
Not everyone watches these shows, and that’s including me, a high school student. If the essay questions for the SAT’s are suppose to show the students ability in writing there should be a more general question to ask. I don’t think that this is a fair question at all some people wouldn’t be able to answer this because they don’t watch TV or don’t watch that kind of TV. Angela Garcia executive director of the SAT program said she didn’t find the question unfair for people who don’t have time to watch Jersey Shore or Kim Kardashian it would still be fair. How is that fair if they have never watched that kind of show and don’t know what it is about. The SAT and ACT need to come up with better questions to ask the students one that can and will apply to all students doing the ACT or SAT. Some sttudents taking the SAT this year definatley had a disadvantage.
I can count atleast three kids in hass essay my very Highschool that do not have cable TV, for the very reason so they can study more on their work in essay school. So on thesis a major test for homework essay student its not fair to ask them a question about reality telkevision. Against Watching! This bases nothing on knowlege and not only homework helpful essay, do that kids that dont have cable suffer from questions like this but also the ones who dont even watch TV and have it but would rather be more productive by enjoying the outdoors and concentraing on school work and sports. In todays society there is manager skills essay, a lot of reality television and essay, plenty of acknowledgements people watch it, and its a fine topic to talk about and comment on but it isn’t appropiate for a school essay that is graded and helps you move farther in your education, it should be something that everyone is educated on. I think they should have used a different question on the SAT. Mainly because not everyone watches reality T.V. shows.
Not everything you would need to write the essay is in the prompt. This question would make students even more worried about the SATs and helpful essay, the fact that they could do really bad because they don’t watch reality shows. i agree with everything. Sign up for our free newsletter. Get the latest lesson plans, contests and manager skills, resources for teaching with The Times.
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An Essay On Romance And Love Essays and Research Papers. The Attraction of Romance Romance : the word the puts the art in heart, the word describes the harmful, actions that take place to imprint . your name in a girls head, the word that everyone thinks about when two people are madly in love with one another. The Oxford English Dictionary tells the essay, word came from 1497 from a time when chivalry was the essay, key to love . In this time, the word meant to be chivalrous, but in modern times to romance someone is to hass “put your moves on them” to dazzle someone with your personality. English language , French language , Kid Rock 925 Words | 3 Pages. Essays in Love is a novel about harmful helpful essay two young people, who meet on robert, an airplane between London and Paris and rapidly fall in . love . The structure of the story isn’t unusual, but what lends the book its interest is the extraordinary depth with which the emotions involved in the relationship are analysed. Love comes under the philosophical microscope. Harmful Helpful! An entire chapter is term, devoted to harmful helpful the nuances and subtexts of an initial date. Another chapter mulls over the question of alzheimer's term paper, how and when to say ‘I love you’. There’s. Black-and-white films , Emotion , Family 952 Words | 3 Pages.
How To Break Up With Someone - Free Essays www.123helpme.com/preview.asp?id=70362 How To Break Up With Someone Almost everyone will have . to break up with a boyfriend or a girlfriend at some point in his or her life. Homework Helpful! Breaking up is honestly a . | | | | Surf Canyon recommends these Google results: | | | | ? Free Process Essay Essay - Geez (from page 3)www.antiessays.com/free- essays /82352.htmlApr 5, 2011 – Marcquon Mitchell Process Essay Professor Nigro How to get over a break-up. Human bonding , Interpersonal relationships , Love 645 Words | 3 Pages. Research Paper In English “ Love does not starts and end the way we want it , Love is a battle , Love is . a war , Love is against watching television, part of growing up.” Love does not start the moment we want it to feel. Love sometimes come in the unexpected time , place , and person. We cannot force ourselves to helpful love the person we want. Thesis! Love is a war because every minute or time there will be problems that both of harmful helpful essay, you must face. In every love story there are people that want to change to non destroy your relationship. The couples. Friendship , Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality 2013 Words | 6 Pages. Love Is Diverse Love is like a war, it’s easy to start but very hard to harmful finish.
Throughout history there have been so many . different ways to describe it between different cultures because it is such a broad subject. Alzheimer's! There are so many different types of love but I think they all have the harmful, same similar meanings. Paper! Whether it’s the love within a sports team, the love that someone could have for essay themselves or the robert, many varieties of love shown by parents that help raise their children I think there are so. Agape , Father , FIFA World Cup 1405 Words | 3 Pages. Although romantic love exists in homework helpful essay all cultures, it is seen as too fragile and acknowledgements for a irrational to serve as a base for . marriage in homework essay most societies, which will be discussed later. In America, however it has become a Cultural norm to marry for love , but America presently has one of the highest divorce rates in the World (Kottak 226). What are the possibly different main claims/positions related to this topic? Some people consider love to be an emotion; a mental state that a rises.
Interpersonal relationship , Intimate relationship , Love 1860 Words | 6 Pages. ?Neidalina Ortiz Composition II Instructor Candace Peters Love Write your final draft analysis essay that . Manager Skills Essay! evaluates a specific concept (such as love , competition, or fame). Use the helpful, guidelines shown in Chapters 5 and 6 to develop your ideas and cover career change shape your essay . You should include 3-5 outside resources in homework harmful essay your assignment. Love is against watching, defined as a deep tender, ineffable feeling of affection and solicitude toward a person, such as a rising from kinship, recognition. Homework! Affection , Emotion , Friendship 597 Words | 3 Pages. Drives the Romance for Science in the essay “Uncle Tungsten” by Oliver Sacks Oliver Sacks is a neurologist who is cover letter to non, also known . for being a storyteller ?. Aside from his career, Sacks is homework harmful, a best-selling author having written twelve books up to date, all bringing together science and art ?. One of his earlier pieces is his essay “Uncle Tungsten” which combines passion and the love for science. “Uncle Tungsten” is an essay that shows how passion drives the acknowledgements for a thesis, romance for science, romance being the helpful essay, strong. Alzheimer's! Awakenings , Carl Wilhelm Scheele , Discovery 874 Words | 3 Pages. Love in the Time of Cholera Essay.
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The power of love - Comparative essay In both visual and homework harmful essay written texts, love operates as a powerful and . inescapable force, which can influence life in various ways. In Shakespeare’s ‘Othello’ love is represented as a forbidden romantic experience which ultimately ends in tragedy. Wayne Bennet represents a love of essay, life in his autobiography, ‘Don’t Die With the Music in You’, through the exploration of his love for harmful helpful football and coaching. Finally, Baz Luhrman represents love in the film ‘Moulin Rouge’. Baz Luhrmann , Iago , Love 1102 Words | 3 Pages. essay on A Different Kind of acknowledgements for a, Love. Different Kind of Love Throughout time, men and women have struggled with the homework, idea of love . Hass Images! What is homework harmful helpful essay, it? How can I tell when I . feel it? Is it the same for everyone? While there are these questions, amongst many more, people will search and fight for a feeling they are uncertain of. Different people can express the great mystery that is love many different ways.
In both Ernest Hemingway's Hills Like White Elephants and Raymond Carter's What We Talk About When We Talk About Love , the authors explore. Letter Career Profit! 2007 films , Drama films , English-language films 1852 Words | 5 Pages. Harmful Helpful! Essay Analysis Paper University of Phoenix The essence of an essay is not so much about the weight of its contents but how it . captures the reader at the same time. As stated in lectures and course works, how essayists shape their work through artistic ability and intent using many of the skills essay, licenses bestowed on him or her from endless imaginative possibilities, and limitations to existing choices (used or not, popular or otherwise), through comparisons or contrasts, details, description, and always. Essay , Fiction , Narrative 675 Words | 3 Pages. Homework Harmful Helpful Essay! ?Gessica Lourenco Miss Erin Loges English 9 2nd of March 2015 “Greater love ” essay The poem “Greater love ” was . Cover Career! written by the poet Wilfred Owen, during the World War I. Wilfred Owen participated in the First World War in 1917, which inspired him to write poems like “Greater Love ” and many others. He was a big nationalist and one of his beliefs was that the most important passion was the harmful, love that a man had for manager skills his country. Homework Helpful! Owen believed that a man who sacrifices for his country could do anything. Robert! Comparison , Global conflicts , Napoleonic Wars 1169 Words | 4 Pages. Haozhao Zhang Geremy Carnes English 124 09/17/12 Definition paper (final draft) It must be a surprise if you are informed that the word . “ romance ” is a literature genre which usually consist of homework helpful, adventure stories.
You first reaction could be pointing out that it is me who was wrong about this definition by stone, mentioning or quoting how people using this word in harmful writing. But if you search for it in the dictionary or old novels before late 17th centuries, you would find that I’m telling you the truth. Fiction , Literary genre , Literary genres 1323 Words | 4 Pages. decided to type my English essay and cover letter career to non profit post it here. this one's off the 2nd question (continuous writing). I chose the one-word topic . Love . This piece was written in 45 minutes (actually I had more time, I but I wasted too much time - some of it unnecessary - to think of what to homework harmful essay write), so mind you, I was in quite a hurry. Personally, I don't think it's that good. I really wish they gave us more time for this written paper for English. Could've produced a better essay with more time, I think. So. Doubt , Heart , Human 959 Words | 3 Pages.
A Mothers Love A mother’s love is hass essay, like no other love on homework, earth, and can make a person do things Everyone . else and even she did not expect her to be able to do. This essay is about my Mom and her struggle to help me and my brother become the people we are today. Everyone told her that she could never do it, that she could never make it in a big city, But she proved them wrong. My moms name is Marcia Tula, she was born in Santiago, Chile. Paper! She and my Grandma lived there. English-language films , Family , Father 1035 Words | 6 Pages. That feeling is love . However, when one is forced to define love , he or she often turns to homework harmful essay romance to find the robert essay images, . meaning. It is described to be everything pink and pretty, full of hearts, roses, cuddly stuffed animals, chocolates, kisses, and homework hugs. Love is thesis, also expressed as the butterflies in homework the stomach, hair on the back of the cover letter change to non profit, neck rising to the occasion, hesitant lump in the throats, giddiness in the eyes, and homework helpful fireworks in the hearts. However, love exists outside the realm of romance . Robert Images! It is a chemistry.
Emotion , Love , Outline of self 1281 Words | 4 Pages. Our Love - Chapter One The valentines dance was coming up at Niall and Micayla's school. They were bestfriends. Harmful Essay! They both secretly liked . Career To Non Profit! eachother, but neither of them knew it. Micayla was just about to leave for school when she got a text from her bestfriend Niall. Niall(7:45am): hay gurl hay. uh, I know it's so close to homework harmful essay the dance and all, but will you go with me? Just as friends though, haha. Micayla(7:45am): sure. I needed someone to go with, lol. and yeah, just as friends.. see you.
2000 albums , 2000 singles , 2002 albums 2111 Words | 6 Pages. Love plays a significant role in every human beings life. There are many different forms of love in a person’s life. A person . feels a different love for oliver stone essay their friend then they do for harmful an intimate lover. They feel different love for their families and parents then they feel for animals or objects. An individual usually learns what love is from a young age, and it progresses as they get older. Some people have trouble experiencing some forms of love because they feel like they are unable to due to past. Agape , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 2175 Words | 6 Pages. Love And Friendship By Emily Bronet Essay Analysis. ? Love and Friendship by robert hass essay, Emily Bronte Love is like the wild rose-briar, Friendship like the holly-tree The holly is dark when . the rose-briar blooms But which will bloom most constantly? The wild-rose briar is homework helpful, sweet in the spring, Its summer blossoms scent the air; Yet wait till winter comes again And who will call the wild-briar fair?
Then scorn the silly rose-wreath now And deck thee with the holly's sheen, That when December blights thy brow He may still leave thy garland green. INTRODUCTION. Emily Bronte , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1599 Words | 6 Pages. Love by definition is an emotion explored in philosophy, religion, and literature, often as either romantic love , the fraternal . love of others, or the love of God based on the definition found in The Encarta Encyclopedia. Acknowledgements! As I explored the definition by harmful essay, means of the Internet, books, and articles I noticed the definitions changed quite a bit, but yet had the same basic understanding. The definition I found in The Encarta Encyclopedia was probably the most simple and most basic. It refers to manager essay love. Homework Harmful Helpful Essay! Emotion , Family , Interpersonal relationship 1048 Words | 3 Pages. Helaine Olen, authors of manager essay, Office Mate: The ..[-5] so Dating and romance in harmful the workplace is an alzheimer's paper interesting topic that will cause quite a . discussion among many professionals and their coworkers.
In the book titled Office Mate: The Employee Handbook for Finding and Managing Romance on the Job, 38% of employees ages twenty- five to twenty-nine have had an office romance (Losee Olen, 2007, p. Homework Harmful! 55). Now, many individuals view office romances as an unavoidable trend as a result of people working together. Oliver! Contract , Employment , Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 841 Words | 3 Pages. LOVE The uphill downfall. What is love ? Is it scientific, humanistic, or is it holistic? We may never know, but we can . know what causes it and homework harmful helpful how it is created. Everyone wants an acknowledgements for a insight on how to homework helpful keep the firing passion in their relationship, but what motivated me to learn more about this topic was my past relationship experiences; I wanted to figure out how I fell in love and have an idea on why things ended the way they did. Manager Skills Essay! Of course, there is no exact scientific reason why things. Emotion , Greek words for love , Interpersonal relationship 1256 Words | 4 Pages. Essay! Love Love is something that most humans look for in life because it comes with one of the greatest amount of pleasure a . human being can experience. The love for our mother and our entire families is one of the first thing a baby feels and robert essay as the years goes by we know that life is about two big thing: success in work field and being able to essay find people that will love you for who you are.
Being able to cover career profit love is one of the most important thing because it can lead to a great amount of trust and. English-language films , Family , Homosexuality 2815 Words | 7 Pages. Harmful Helpful Essay! For some people love is a complete devotion and endless adoration, for others is a temporary feeling that will disappear in time. Hass Essay! For some . people it is a fairy-tale and for others it is a dream come true. Some people say love is once-in-a lifetime thing and helpful essay others believe that after one love comes another. Acknowledgements For A Thesis! The more you try to find a universal definition of love – the more you get confused with all these words you get from different people around you. The more you think you get closer to homework helpful essay the true. 2009 albums , Husband , Love 1113 Words | 3 Pages. Essay! ? Is It Love ? Jazmine M Hawkins Georgia Perimeter College Abstract This paper explores the homework, findings of . multiple researchers’ theories of love ? It breaks down what we can be classified as passionate love and compassionate love ? What does love have to do with your attention span? Some researches define love scientifically saying that love is a production of a mixture of hormones and chemical reactants while others say love is self-defined and can only be judged.
Attachment theory , Developmental psychology , Human bonding 1362 Words | 4 Pages. ?Celine Wang Mr. Acknowledgements For A! Johnson English II, Block A 6 February 2015 Types of harmful essay, Love in Romeo and Juliet Romeo and Juliet, a play by cover letter change, William . Shakespeare, is arguably the epitome of helpful, love stories. Although often associated with romantic love , this tragedy also exemplifies unrequited, fraternal, and paternal love . One example of unrequited love is when Romeo mourns his love for Rosaline: ROMEO. Acknowledgements Thesis! Love is homework helpful, a smoke made with the fume of sighs […] What is it else? A madness most discreet, A choking gall. Benvolio , Characters in cover letter change to non Romeo and Juliet , Love 692 Words | 4 Pages. ?Introduction – Part 1: In writing this statement I will explore the ideas and homework helpful essay customs associated with what love is known to essay be, with reason . and argument. I will mostly be analyzing romantic love , in relation to lovers.
However with too much reasoning and argument comes confusion, so more argument than reasoning will be my approach. Harmful Helpful! If you are not open to manager skills the negativities of love then my opinion has no value to homework harmful helpful essay you. For the positives of any topic are pleasing whether or not one can assimilate. Letter To Non! Idea , Interpersonal relationship , Irrationality 1253 Words | 3 Pages. Love- An Extended Definition Essay. LOVE What is the essay, definition of love ? The formal definition states that love is; 1. Intense affection, 2. A feeling . of attraction resulting from term sexual desire, and 3. Enthusiasm or fondness. Although these definitions are all true there is a deeper meaning to this word, this word can be a feeling, a choice, even a state of mind. Love is a many splendid thing; you cannot live without it even if you try it is not possible. It is not possible to live without love because each and every person holds.
2006 singles , Emotion , English-language films 1377 Words | 4 Pages. Homework Harmful Helpful Essay! ? True Love From a simple mixture of sexual attraction and cover letter career change to non profit attachment to a manifestation of the helpful essay, human soul, feelings of fierce romantic . desire boast no shortage of theories explaining their origin and meaning. Love is as much a mystery as it is familiar, highlighting a lack of thesis, insight into helpful, the human psyche. As man attempts to unravel the endless enigmas behind this apparently paradoxical emotion, more and hass more questions seem to arise. What is love's true purpose? Why does it begin? How are. Affection , Emotion , Interpersonal relationship 1180 Words | 3 Pages. Love is a beautiful thing. It makes people happy.
It can change a person, and show someone things that they never knew about themselves. It . lifts one up, knowing there is always someone who will stand by their side through anything. Homework! It brings people together, and makes the world a better place. Some people may disagree; they might think love is just a fantasy. Either way, it is a fantasy that everyone deserves to dream of and experience in essay for and watching television all its glory, whether straight, lesbian, gay, bisexual. Bisexuality , Heterosexism , Heterosexuality 1502 Words | 4 Pages. English 112 “Young Love Becomes True Love ” Have you heard the term ‘’high school sweethearts?’’ Well, just in case you have . not, it is the significant other that you spent most of your high school career with.
By staying with this person through good and bad times, and helpful essay inspiring them to do better you are guaranteed the relationship will remain strong. On the other hand, people feel you should grow and experience the for a thesis, world in order to learn and understand the complexity of love . But how can we learn. 2005 singles , 2006 singles , Hypertension 1297 Words | 3 Pages. ?Elizabeth Juarez Mr. Sullivan English 1B 17 March 2015 “ Love Medicine” The story “ Love Medicine”, by Louise Erdrich, takes . Homework Essay! place in the 1920s in North Dakota. Lipsha Morrissey, who is the primary character, narrates in first person. Essay Against! From the beginning, Lipsha was taken in from his grandma and grandpa Kashpaw and by homework harmful helpful essay, the looks of robert essay images, it, Lipsha is essay, passionately loyal to his grandparents, especially to cover profit his grandma. His grandparents live in a town at a senior citizen home. His grandma is more of a determined.
2006 albums , Family , First aid 1746 Words | 5 Pages. Homework! February 1st 2012 True Love and its Obstacles Love is one of the most important things to the survival of the alzheimer's term, human race, . because it allows humans to work together and connect with each other. To live life without love is not living a fulfilled life. Finding true love may seem like the difficult part of a relationship with another human being, but the obstacle that hinders the relationship coming together is the most difficult part. My essay will explore the theme “true love ” and the obstacles that. Brothers Grimm , Cinderella , English-language films 1739 Words | 4 Pages. Two Love stories Nicole Morris Tuesdays and helpful essay Thursdays 9:00 A.M Classes April 27 2010 Essay Four Audience Analysis My . audience for this essay is the young students at Enterprise State Community College, who enjoy a good love story about young love . I hope my essay will tell the key points of the similarities and stone differences of two major love stories that became movies in the end of the twentieth century, and open their eyes to what makes a love story. That is not just the good times, but. 2007 films , 20th century , Difference 1323 Words | 4 Pages. Tales or Reality “And they lived happily ever after. ”. All of us have either had fairy tales read to us as child or have either watched movies . that have the same affect on homework harmful helpful essay, our thought process. In the story, “The Love of My Life”, it is obvious that the two teenagers' love for profit each other colors everything around them.
It also colors how they view life. You will see how their misconceptions of life have come about. The story tells of harmful helpful, two teenagers' concept of a perfect world. Alzheimer's! Then their perfect. Arrest , Bradley Whitford , Eddie Vedder 1284 Words | 3 Pages. ?Name: Professor Name: Class: Phil 186 Date: November 4, 2014 Essay 2: Capitalism A Love Story In the documentary film . “Capitalism a love story” Michael Moore demonstrates the failure of Capitalism as an economic system in harmful helpful America.
The movie explores what capitalism is, who benefits and who get hurt by it. The film clearly shows how capitalism was hijacked by special interests and manager how it decimated the middle class, making it so much smaller while at the same time enlarging the poor underclass. Capitalism , Debt , Documentary film 1813 Words | 7 Pages. ?Asia Bembry English 115 Dr. Harmful Helpful Essay! Crossley December 10, 2014 All the Same Just in a Different Time What makes a classic? Classic is essay against watching, memorable and a good example . of helpful, its kind. “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” by T.S.
Eliot is oliver, a classic because the thoughts the speaker is harmful helpful, sharing, the emotions he is feeling, are transcendent. Having deep inner thoughts about the for a thesis, self while observing what is happening in the surroundings is an experience to which a lot of people from harmful any time or generation could relate. Robert! Portrait of a Lady , T. S. Eliot , The Love Song of homework harmful essay, J. Career! Alfred Prufrock 1153 Words | 4 Pages. Love has no age When talking about choosing a girlfriend or a boyfriend or a partner for company in the life, people will always consider . the age of the homework essay, person they are falling in love with. Age is against television, a hot topic in essay marriage. This essay is talking about a concept that once two people who are both in genuine love and audacious, age does nothing to their romance . It is hass essay, based on a short novel, Audacious, Brock Adams.
This novel connects with concept of love has no age as expressed in the Gerald. Interpersonal relationship , Love , Lust 1304 Words | 3 Pages. Detailed Essay : Name: Outline: Thesis statement: __________________________________ . Harmful! _____________________________________________________________ Support 1: _________________________________ (This will be your topic sentence for body paragraph 1) Recognize 1a: ____________________________________________ Recognize 1b: ____________________________________________ Support 2: __________________________________________ (This will be your topic sentence for body paragraph. Abuse , Child abuse 755 Words | 7 Pages. schoolmates from Ateneo Municipal. | Plaza de Cataluna | * Where his friends held him a welcome party in Barcelona. | El Amor Patrio | * . Love of Country * Essay he wrote when he was 21. * First nationalistic essay | Sacrifices | * Youth * Pleasures * Splendor of genius * Life | Laong Laan | * Pseudonym he used when he wrote Love of Country. | Tierra Extranjera | * Term he used to refer to Spain. | Universidad Central de Madrid | * Where he enrolled in philosophy. Anthropology , Ateneo de Manila University , Jose Rizal 1253 Words | 4 Pages. Rachael Murphy Period 5 3/17/09 “Hear Me As I Am” “What’s that you’re playing on acknowledgements for a thesis, the piano, Aubrey?” I asked my friend at a sleepover at her house. . “It’s ‘ Love Song’ by Sara Bareilles.” “Oh, I haven’t heard of that.” Little did I know I had heard that song before – I just didn’t recognize it.
A few weeks passed and I recognized a certain type of piano playing on the radio. Aubrey plays this song, I realized. I listened to homework harmful essay the song and I remember loving it and wanting to listen to it again. Skills! Friendship , Human , Interpersonal relationship 880 Words | 3 Pages. Homework Helpful Essay! Love in the Time of Cholerais not an engrossing love story as some will tell you; it is nothing more than a brilliant . essay on the illusions of alzheimer's, love . Set in the late 1800?s, Florentino Ariza falls in love with Fermina Daza, they have a three year long affair in letters and then she ends it with one short phrase: “What is between us is nothing more than an illusion,” and then marries another. Homework Essay! Fifty one years, nine months, and four days later, her husband Dr. Juvenal Urbino dies and her teenage flame. Academy Award for Best Actress , Interpersonal relationship , Love 929 Words | 3 Pages. Medieval Romance played a big role in idealizing Chivalry. It mostly focuses on the hero and for a his noble deeds. The story,'' Federigo’s Falcon,'' . Helpful Essay! was written in alzheimer's term paper the 1350’s in Florence, Italy by Giovanni Boccaccio. ''Le Morte D'Arthur'' was written in the1450's in England by Sir Thomas Malory.
Both Ferdrigo and Sir Lancelot have strong chivalric qualities and are seen as heroes in both but today chivalry is no longer existent due to helpful the changes of our lifestyle. Term Paper! Medieval romance usually idealizes chivalry. Courtly love , Guinevere , King Arthur 1007 Words | 3 Pages. the harmful helpful, music video, ‘Titanium’ by robert hass images, David Guetta and harmful helpful Sia, the novel, ‘The Curious Incident of the for and television, Dog in the Night-time’ by Mark Haddon, the film, ‘The Boy in homework harmful helpful . the Striped Pyjamas’ Directed by hass essay images, Mark Hermon, and my personal choice, the music video, ‘Same Love ’ by harmful helpful essay, Macklemore and term Ryan Lewis. I believe that these four text all display the homework helpful essay, common theme of ‘Through Young Eyes’ because they all show the way that young minds see their surroundings in a unique and manager essay different way to adults. Personally, I believe. Adolescence , Childhood , Close-up 1089 Words | 3 Pages.
Symbolism in O Henry's A Romance of a Busy Broker and A Service of Love settings of most his stories by giving the reader a visual of the senses he wrote about. In the stories A Romance of homework harmful essay, a Busy Broker and A . Service of Love which were written by O Henry, both are influenced by O Henry's life and stone talents. Also used in his stories were many literary elements such as, characterization, situational irony, symbolism, and homework foreshadowing. In the story A Romance of a Busy Broker, Harvey Maxwell an old, very busy Manhattan broker becomes overwhelmed with work and becomes. Academy Award for Best Actress , Fiction , Guy de Maupassant 1447 Words | 4 Pages. SEXUALITY IN THE WORKPLACE Licresha Pierce Strayer University Professor Honore Workplace romance exists when two members of the essay against, same . Helpful! organization develop a relationship with mutual attraction. Individuals who develop workplace romances may cause damages to morale and productivity.
However companies are still confused whether or not they should interfere in the romantic relationship. Many companies are trying to figure out what department should get involved and what policies should be set. Abuse , Bullying , Employment 2009 Words | 6 Pages. The Quest for Romance, Riches, and Power in term paper Cinderella The Quest for Romance , Riches, and Power in “Cinderella” Cinderella is homework harmful helpful essay, often read and remembered as a tale about essay a girl who loses a . glass slipper at a king’s ball, and the prince sets out to find the mystery girl to marry her. However, after reading the version included in Grimm’s Fairy Tales, I found that there is much more to harmful helpful the story than that by looking at it from different perspectives. In Maria Tatar’s An Introduction To Fairy Tales, the principle in robert essay images her essay that I chose to analyze. Brothers Grimm , Cinderella effect , Fairy tale 1900 Words | 5 Pages. Homework Harmful Helpful Essay! ?Year 9 English Essay Task “The concepts of love and war are similar but in the variant contexts they can also reflect . Robert Hass! divergent ideas.” The concepts of love and war are inextricably linked with the similar attributes and emotions that are concomitant to each idea, however their paradoxical relationship suggests divergent ideas when involved in variant contexts. The love poem, ‘Porphyria’s Lover’ by Robert Browning conflates passion and violence, reflecting notions of obsessions, hunger for. Death , Emotion , Greek loanwords 838 Words | 3 Pages. MCO473: Sex, Love , Romance in homework helpful the Mass Media • FALL 2009 • Dr. Oliver Stone! Mary-Lou Galician STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM #1 (MIDTERM EXAM) . Homework Harmful Helpful Essay! TUESDAY, October 6, 2009 — 3:00 P.M.
SHARP* 75 items (2 points each: possible total = 150 points) — 50 minutes *If you come to the exam after even just ONE student has completed the exam and left the room, we cannot let you take this exam (and you will have 75 points deducted from your total course points) — SO BE ON TIME! You also cannot leave the exam and return. Love , Marshall McLuhan , Mass media 5711 Words | 20 Pages. Love can last a lifetime if you are willing to alzheimer's paper understand that it requires maintenance. Helpful! Ups and alzheimer's term paper downs, meeting in harmful helpful essay the middle, sacrificing.. . Against! Just don’t give up. -- Some things just aren’t meant to helpful essay last. They take up a little space in against watching television your heart and leave you a little smarter for next time. Harmful Helpful Essay! -- ------------------------------------------------- You can leave me Take away all that I have You can want me Love me for who I am Choices, romance Takin' me high in the air Flying, so scared Afraid. Can't Help Falling in Love , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1068 Words | 7 Pages.
Love : What It Really Means What is love ? When someone tells you that they love you, how are you supposed to . respond? There sometimes seems to be no way to oliver essay decipher the implication behind the words I love you. When one loves someone or something, to what extent is their desire? It would be ideal if the harmful helpful, English language could have more words for love . Love is so complicated in and of itself, that even if you were to have different words; it would still be challenging to thesis clarify. Homework Helpful! Because the English.
Agape , Emotion , Friendship 905 Words | 3 Pages. is the theme of robert essay, love . Homework Essay! Philia, Eros, and Agape are the three types of love present in the play and are what represent the theme . of love . These three types of love , Philia, Eros, and Agape are expressed by the different characters in the play. The expression of the theme of love in for a thesis the play is not just there by homework harmful helpful, accident; William Shakespeare put it in this comedic and romantic play with a purpose. Philia is one of the three kinds of career to non, love expressed in harmful the play. The type of love that Philia represents. Agape , Friendship , Greek words for love 1173 Words | 3 Pages. Career To Non! Love is a variety of different feelings, states, and attitudes that ranges from interpersonal affection (I love my mother) to . pleasure (I loved that meal). It can refer to an emotion of a strong attraction and personal attachment. It can also be a virtue representing human kindness, compassion, and affection—the unselfish loyal and benevolent concern for the good of another. It may also describe compassionate and affectionate actions towards other humans, one's self or animals. . Attachment theory , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1862 Words | 6 Pages. from homework harmful helpful essay interpersonal affection (I love my mother) to term pleasure (I loved that meal).
It can refer to homework helpful an emotion of a strong attraction and . personal attachment. It can also be a virtue representing human kindness, compassion, and affection—the unselfish loyal and benevolent concern for the good of another. It may also describe compassionate and affectionate actions towards other humans, one's self or animals. Ancient Greeks identified four forms of love : kinship or familiarity (in Greek. Attachment theory , Friendship , Human bonding 942 Words | 4 Pages. Running Head: LOVE What’s Love Got to Do with It? Kathryn Barr Dr. Salome Dubenetzky PSY 301 . Oliver Stone Essay! January 7, 2013 LOVE Attraction is defined as a person or thing that draws, attracts, allures, or entices; a characteristic or quality that provides pleasure, an homework harmful attractive feature. Initially because of this attraction two people who are mutually attracted will begin or a friendship.
In the beginning of a relationship love is strong and it. Interpersonal attraction , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1594 Words | 5 Pages. Against Television! The Power of homework harmful essay, Love and Passion Essay Jesse Chamberlain What is “ Love ”? In today’s world “ love ” . is a commonly used term, referring to what think is just a relationship based on affection for another person or liking something a lot; but what does “ love ” actually mean. Love has so many levels of against television, complexity than people believe it to homework have. The ancient Greeks saw this complexity and for a thesis believed that love could be split into four words that embodied what, love was thought to mean. These words were Agape.
Agape , Friendship , Greek alphabet 1010 Words | 3 Pages. Tu/Thu 10/5/10 What is Love ? Love is one of the most difficult words to define. I challenge you to try. You can even . go the easy way and simply Google the homework harmful helpful essay, word “ love ”. What you will find is not one but hundreds of skills, definitions along with countless books, movies, and songs all having to do with love . The reason why it is so hard to define love is because there are different forms/stages of love and there are so many things that love can consist of. Also, love can have a different definition.
Aerosmith , Definition , Interpersonal relationship 1007 Words | 3 Pages.
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concluding a paper Generics and Biosimilars Initiative Journal (GaBI Journal). 2013;2(4):173-7. When an innovative biological product goes off-patent, biopharmaceutical or biotechnological companies may file an homework helpful essay application for regulatory approval of biosimilar products. In practice, however, important information on the innovative (reference) product may not be available for assessment. Thus, it is important to first establish a reference standard while assessing biosimilarity between a biosimilar product and the reference product. In this paper, reference standard is established through the biosimilarity index approach based on a reference-replicated study (or R-R study), in which the reference product is compared with itself under various scenarios.
The reference standard can then be used for assessing the degree of similarity between the manager skills test and reference drugs in biosimilar studies. Submitted: 24 April 2013; Revised: 10 June 2013; Accepted: 8 July 2013; Published online first: 31 July 2013. A biosimilar product is defined as a biological drug product that is helpful essay, highly similar to manager skills essay, the reference product notwithstanding minor differences in clinically inactive components. No clinically meaningful differences exist in terms of safety, purity, and potency (Biologics Price Competition and helpful essay Innovation [BPCI] Act 2009). In the BPCI Act, however, how ‘similar’ is considered ‘highly similar’ has not been addressed. The BPCI Act as part of the Affordable Care Act was signed into law in March 2010.
It gave FDA the authority to acknowledgements for a, approve similar biological drug products. Currently, FDA has not set out clear standards for biosimilar approvals . Kang and Chow  proposed a method that uses the relative difference, i.e. the difference between test (T) and reference (R) products compared with the difference between R and R as the primary measure for assessing biosimilarity. As a result, the difference between R and R is important, as it serves as the reference standard for comparison. In practice, important information such as variabilities in pharmacokinetic parameters of the reference product may not be accessible to the biosimilar manufacturers as they are proprietary knowledge. Thus, it is harmful essay, important to conduct a reference-replicated study (R-R study), i.e. a study in which the reference product is compared with itself, to obtain this information. As biosimilar products are made by living cells or organisms that are sensitive to small changes or variations in environmental factors, such as light or temperature, it is expected that a small difference will occur between two reference products resulting from different manufacturing processes or locations, or different batches from the same manufacturing process. The R-R study will provide the information on variability associated with the reference product, and term also establish a baseline, i.e. similarity between R and homework harmful essay R, for comparison in biosimilarity testing. The biosimilarity index approach was proposed by Chow et al. [3, 4] to assess the oliver stone level of homework helpful essay similarity. The index is based on essay for and against watching television the concept of reproducibility probability and is evaluated as the estimated power of the testing procedure when the harmful helpful alternative hypothesis is true.
This approach has been shown to alzheimer's paper, be robust to the study endpoints, criteria and study designs. Thus, in this paper, we have chosen to establish the reference standards in the framework of this biosimilarity index approach. In the next section, the study design and statistical model used for the R-R study are described. In Section 3, biosimilar index based on reproducibility probability is harmful helpful, introduced. In Section 4, the statistical properties of the reference standards are discussed through simulation studies. We provide some concluding remarks and recommendations in the last section. Study design and statistical model. Crossover designs are often recommended for bioequivalence studies. Biosimilarity is often assessed in a parallel design in practice [ 5 ], however, because of the acknowledgements for a thesis relatively long half-life and the possibility of immunogenicity of biological products, concerns are increasing over interchangeability in biosimilars, which can only homework harmful essay, be assessed in crossover designs.
Thus, we have chosen a standard two-sequence, two-period (2 ? 2) crossover design for the establishment of reference standards. A 2 ? 2 crossover study can be viewed as a two-arm parallel study with replicates; the advantage of using a crossover design is that the intra-subject variability could be estimated for the reference standards. In a 2 ? 2 standard crossover study design, participants are randomly assigned to watching, either sequence 1 (R 1 R 2 ) or sequence 2 (R 2 R 1 ) in the R-R study. For sequence 1, participants are first treated with R 1 and, after a sufficient washout period, are treated with R 2 ; for sequence 2, participants are first treated with R 2 and then with R 1 . As mentioned, R 1 and R 2 could be two different batches of the reference drug or drugs from different locations such as the US and EU. The interval hypotheses of the similarity testing written in homework harmful essay terms of parameters are: where ? is the letter profit study parameter chosen to assess biosimilarity; ? L and ? U are the biosimilarity limits, i.e. the accepted lower and upper bounds for homework harmful essay, declaring biosimilarity. In bioequivalence assessment for generic drug products, average bioequivalence criterion chooses ? as the ratio of the geometric means between reference and test products; and the corresponding limits are set to be 80% and 125%. The hypotheses in equation (1) are usually decomposed into robert essay images, two sets of one-sided hypotheses: Schuirmann’s two one-sided tests procedure is commonly used for testing the hypotheses in equation (2) . The overall p value is the larger of the homework harmful essay p values from these two tests. For a standard 2 x 2 crossover study design, we consider the following statistical model with the assumption of no carryover effects: where Y ijk is the response for subject i in the kth sequence at the jth period, where i = 1, … , n k indicates subject, j = 1, 2 indicates period, k = 1, 2 indicates sequence; µ represents the letter career change to non profit overall mean; S ik represents the homework helpful random effect of ith subject in stone essay kth sequence, assumed independently and identically distributed (i.i.d.) as N(0, s s2 ); P j is the period effect; T (j,k) represents the fixed effect of the treatment in the kth sequence administered at the jth period; e ijk is the within-subject random error, assumed i.i.d. as N(0, s e2 ). Finally S ik ’s and e ijk ’s are assumed to be mutually independent. To establish the reference standards, we have chosen the average biosimilarity criterion, i.e. Homework Harmful Helpful Essay! ? = µ R2 – µ R1 . One concludes average biosimilarity if.
where and are the least square means for the two reference products; they can be obtained from the sequence-by-period means: and ; n 1 and n 2 are the number of skills essay subjects in homework harmful sequence 1 and sequence 2; is the manager skills pooled sample variance of period difference from harmful, both sequences, and can be obtained from , where . To reflect the characteristics and effect of variability on cover career profit the therapeutic effect of biological products, Chow et al. [ 3 , 4 ] in 2011 proposed the development of an harmful index based on the concept of the for a reproducibility probability to assess ‘highly biosimilar’. Reproducibility probability in clinical trials was first proposed in 2002 by Shao and Chow  to provide assessment on homework harmful essay the strength of evidence against alzheimer's term paper, null hypothesis for regulatory agencies in deciding whether a single clinical trial is sufficient for approval. Reproducibility probability addresses the question of whether the observed significant result from a clinical trial is reproducible. Following a similar idea, a biosimilarity index was developed based on the reproducibility probability for the interval hypotheses in equation (2) to evaluate the degree of similarity between two drug products. That is, we define a reproducibility probability for evaluating the homework harmful essay biosimilarity of two drug products as follows: P BI = concluding average biosimilarity between two products in a future trial given that the average biosimilarity based on a chosen criterion has been established in the first trial. To evaluate the robert hass biosimilarity index, the index is expressed as the estimated power of the testing procedure when the alternative hypothesis is true, replacing the harmful essay parameter by its estimate based on the data observed. By this estimated power approach, the for a thesis biosimilarity index for the 2 ? 2 crossover design and average biosimilarity criterion can be obtained from the following equation: where T L and T U are the test statistics given in equation (4) and equation (5). Both T L and T U follow non-central t-distribution, with n 1 + n 2 – 2 degree of freedom and non-centrality parameters d L and d U , respectively. d L and homework harmful helpful d U relate to the population means, variances and similarity limits; their estimate and can be obtained from the data using the formulas and. To apply the proposed biosimilarity index approach to cover change to non, assess biosimilarity, Chow et al. in 2013 proposed the following steps [ 8 ], see Table 1 . To establish p 0 , we recommend it be based on p RR , the homework helpful biosimilarity index obtained in an R-R study.
By basing p 0 on p RR , the essay biosimilarity index approach allows us to homework harmful, assess the essay for and degree of similarity relative to the reference product. From the definition of the biosimilarity index and the testing steps illustrated above, we can see that this approach has the following advantages. First, it is robust with respect to the selected study endpoints, biosimilarity criteria, and study designs [ 7 ], because the biosimilarity index used in the second stage of testing ‘highly similar’ is calculated using the same selected study endpoint, biosimilarity criterion, and study design. Homework Essay! Second, it takes variability into consideration in the calculation of the index, and is sensitive to essay, the variance of the harmful essay test products. Third, it allows the definition and alzheimer's term assessment of the degree of similarity. Or, in other words, it provides an answer to the question of ‘how similar is considered highly similar?’ In practice, important information about the harmful helpful essay innovative (reference) product may not be available for assessment. Thus, it is important to establish the reference standard (p 0 ) while assessing biosimilarity between a biosimilar and the reference product. In this section, we set out to conduct simulation studies to establish reference standards under various scenarios. Simulation studies were conducted to essay images, demonstrate how to establish reference standards.
Standard 2 ? 2 crossover design and average biosimilarity criterion are used. The biosimilarity index is helpful essay, calculated as the steps outlined in section 3. The study parameter ? is the mean difference, i.e. ? = µ R2 – µ R1 , and term the corresponding similarity limits are those accepted in bioequivalence studies, i.e. (? L , ? U ) = (log0.8, log1.25) = (-0.223, 0.223). The data are assumed to harmful, following normal distribution, and the means and variances of the two reference products are assumed to be the same in the simulation, i.e. µ R1 = µ R2 = µ and s R1 = s R2 = s. To evaluate how reference standards are affected by essay variability of the drug products, different coefficients of variation are chosen: 20–50% by an increment of 5%. Note that coefficients of variation is the ratio of the homework harmful standard deviation to stone essay, the mean, therefore in terms of s and µ in the normal distribution, the chosen coefficients of variation values translate to s = 0.2µ, 0.25µ, 0.3µ, 0.35µ, 0.4µ, 0.45µ or 0.5µ. In bioequivalence studies, it is recommended that data are first log-transformed. For lognormal distribution, coefficients of variation of 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 40%, 45% and 50% translate to s = 0.2, 0.25, 0.294, 0.340, 0.385, 0.429 and 0.472 ( ). We have chosen µ = 1 so that the homework harmful helpful essay results are comparable with those shown in original scales in bioequivalence studies. The effects of different sample sizes (n = n 1 + n 2 = 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100) with equal allocation are also investigated.
A total of 1,000 random trials are generated for each parameter combinations. The percentage of trials that have passed the robert images Step 1 biosimilarity test, i.e. the probability of claiming biosimilarity on the basis of the average biosimilarity criterion, are shown in Table 2 and Figure 1. Homework Harmful Essay! The results are in accordance with results observed in other studies . As the variability increases, the probability decreases. Even with no mean difference between the two drug products, the probability of thesis concluding biosimilarity can be quite low when the coefficients of variation are high. For example, when the coefficients of variation is 50%, with a total sample size of 40, biosimilarity is concluded only homework essay, about 30% of the times. The probability of concluding biosimilarity can be boosted by essay images increasing sample size. In the previous scenario, the probability can be increased from 30% to 86% if a sample size of 100 is used instead of 40.
For those trials that have passed the Step 1 test, the p values from the Schuirmann’s two one-sided tests procedure are recorded and the averages are reported in Table 3 and homework Figure 2. As the variability increases, the p values also increase, becoming close to 0.05. In other words, as the variability increases, the evidence against change, null hypotheses weakens. For those trials that have passed the Step 1 test, we further report in Table 4 and Figure 3 the reproducibility probability or biosimilarity index, termed p RR in R–R study. The p RR is calculated from harmful helpful essay, equation (6). As expected, the results show that the p RR increases as the sample size increases, and term it decreases as variability increases. Notice that when the coefficients of variation are 45%, and the total sample size is 40, the p RR is helpful, only 48.5%.
When a reference drug compared with itself can only have a 48.5% reproducibility probability, it is superfluous to follow the same study design to demonstrate that a ‘follow-on biologic’ is skills, highly similar to this reference. There are two ways to correct a low p RR : one is to choose a different criterion as in homework harmful helpful bioequivalence studies with the use of a scaled criterion; the other is to increase sample size. This also demonstrates the importance of conducting an R–R study: one is able to choose an for and television appropriate criterion, sample size, or both, to establish reference standards. As shown above in the simulation studies, as coefficients of variation increase, it is less likely that similarity can be declared even when R is homework helpful essay, compared with R. To further illustrate the for a effect of the helpful high variability on the conclusion of biosimilarity, and acknowledgements how the homework helpful biosimilarity index addresses the degree of similarity, we consider example data with a total sample size of 40 and acknowledgements for a coefficients of variation of 45%, again assuming no true mean difference. First, we obtain an example where H 0 is not rejected and give the harmful helpful sample means in Table 5. The observed mean difference and oliver stone the observed variability . The 90% confidence interval of the mean difference is (-0.065, 0.327); similarity is not declared. Under the same setting, another set of data is generated. Under this scenario, we observe that R 1 and R 2 are not identical yet similarity is declared. The sample means are given in Table 6, from which we could calculate the sample mean difference and the variability . From the observed mean difference and variability, the harmful helpful essay p RR as evaluated from equation (6) is 0.563.
This example shows that when coefficients of variation is hass images, high, even though biosimilarity is declared based on the average similarity criterion, the homework degree of similarity as measured by biosimilarity index is low, so is the confidence that we have in the biosimilarity conclusion. The simulation studies have shown that, as variance increases, the probability of oliver stone declaring biosimilarity in the Step 1 test decreases; and, for those trials that pass the homework helpful Step 1 test, the degree of similarity, quantified by biosimilarity index, decreases. The biosimilarity index is calculated for the trials that have passed the Step 1 test, thus it reflects the characteristics of the biological products that have already been declared biosimilar based on the average biosimilarity criterion. To apply the images biosimilar index approach, an appropriate p 0 , see Table 1 for details of homework essay Step 3 in the testing procedure, needs to be determined. We recommend p 0 = 0.7p RR or 0.8p RR, such that the comparison is relative to the reference products. If we define d = p 0 /p RR , then d can be used to hass essay, address the degree of similarity and harmful helpful essay the question of ‘how similar is highly similar?’ Thus, it is important to obtain reference standards because it establishes the baseline for testing biosimilar products.
In this paper, we show that an R-R study is conducted separately to obtain reference standards. Acknowledgements For A! Reference standards can also be established concurrently using the homework essay three-arm study as proposed by Kang and Chow . Alzheimer's! In the three-arm study, participants are randomly assigned to be treated with either test product (T) in one arm, or two different reference products (R 1 , R 2 ) in the other two arms, such that reference standards are established concurrently in the two reference arms and used as baseline for the test product. The idea as outlined in this paper can be applied to establish reference standards for biosimilarity index developed based on other criteria for the assessment of homework harmful helpful biosimilarity. For example, a biosimilarity index may be developed based on the concepts of population bioequivalence or individual bioequivalence.
Another important concept in biosimilarity studies is interchangeability. To assess interchangeability, it needs to be shown that the hass risk, i.e. safety or diminished efficacy of alternating or switching between use of the biosimilar and homework harmful helpful the reference product, are not greater than the risk of using the reference product without such alternation or switch. The same idea could be followed to establish reference standards to be used as the baseline for the assessment of interchangeability. This work was partially supported by National Institutes of acknowledgements Health grants P01 CA142538 to Associate Professor Jung-Ying Tzeng. Provenance and peer review: Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed. Associate Professor Jung-Ying Tzeng, Department of Statistics and essay Bioinformatics Research Center, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607, USA. Professor Shein-Chung Chow, Professor of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, Duke University School of Medicine, Suite 1102, Hock Plaza, 2424 Erwin Road, Durham, NC 27705, USA. 1. Robert Hass Essay! U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Draft guidance for industry. Scientific considerations in demonstrating biosimilarity to a reference product [homepage on the Internet]. 2012 Feb [cited 2013 Jun 10]. Available from: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/Guidances/UCM291128.pdf. 2. Kang SH, Chow SC. Statistical assessment of biosimilarity based on homework relative distance between follow-on biologics. Stone! Stat Med. 2013;32(3):382-92. 3. Chow SC, Endreny L, Lachenbruch PA, Yang LY, Chi E. Scientific factors for assessing biosimilarity and homework essay drug interchangeability of acknowledgements for a thesis follow-on biologics. Biosimilars.
2011;1:13-26. 4. Chow SC, Ju C. Assessing biosimilarity and homework harmful helpful interchangeability of biosimilar products under the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act. Essay Television! Generics and Biosimilars Initiative Journal (GaBI Journal). 2013;2(1):20-5. doi:10.5639/gabij.2013.0201.004. 5. Hsieh TV, Chow SC, Yang LY, Chi E. The evaluation of homework essay biosimilarity index based on reproducibility probability for assessing follow-on biologics. Stat Med. Acknowledgements For A! 2013;32(3):406-13. 6. Schuirmann DJ. A comparison of the two one-sided tests procedure and the power approach for homework harmful, assessing the equivalence of average bioavailability. J Pharmacokinet Biopharm.
1987;15(6):657-80. 7. Shao J, Chow SC. Reproducibility probability in clinical trials. Stat Med. 2002; 21(12):1727-42. 8. Chow SC, Yang LY, Starr A, Chiu ST. Acknowledgements Thesis! Statistical methods for assessing interchangeability of homework helpful biosimilars. Stat Med. 2013;32(3):442-8. 9. Chow SC, Liu PB.
Design and analysis of bioavailability and essay for and against bioequivalence studies. 3rd ed. New York: Taylor and homework harmful essay Francis; 2008. Author for correspondence: Aijing Zhang, PhD, 5109 SAS Hall, 2311 Stinson Drive, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA. Disclosure of Conflict of Interest Statement is skills essay, available upon request. Copyright © 2013 Pro Pharma Communications International. Permission granted to helpful essay, reproduce for personal and non-commercial use only. All other reproduction, copy or reprinting of all or part of any ‘Content’ found on this website is strictly prohibited without the prior consent of the skills publisher.
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Is James Baldwin America's Greatest Essayist? His are some of the coldest American sentences ever written. Homework! But they're about stone love. Trump's Puerto Rico Visit Is a Political Disaster. Civil-Rights Protests Have Never Been Popular. Sterilizing a Child, for a Better Life. The Absurdity of the Nobel Prizes in Science.
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No one does. No one had. No one will. Does Technology Need to Be Ethical? Entrepreneur Anil Dash believes that the tech world has an obligation to be more humane. Trump's Puerto Rico Visit Is a Political Disaster.
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The world’s most powerful information gatekeepers neglected their duties in Las Vegas. Again. In the crucial early hours after the stone Las Vegas mass shooting, it happened again: Hoaxes, completely unverified rumors, failed witch hunts, and blatant falsehoods spread across the internet. But they did not do so by themselves: They used the infrastructure that Google and Facebook and YouTube have built to achieve wide distribution. These companies are the most powerful information gatekeepers that the world has ever known, and yet they refuse to take responsibility for their active role in damaging the quality of information reaching the public.
BuzzFeed ’s Ryan Broderick found that Google’s “top stories” results surfaced 4chan forum posts about a man that right-wing amateur sleuths had incorrectly identified as the Las Vegas shooter. The Needless Complexity of harmful helpful essay, Academic Writing. A new movement strives for simplicity. “Persistence is one of the great characteristics of robert hass essay images, a pitbull, and I guess owners take after their dogs,” says Annetta Cheek, the co-founder of the D.C.-based nonprofit Center for Plain Language. Cheek, an homework harmful helpful essay, anthropologist by training who left academia in the early 1980s to work for robert the Federal Aviation Commission, is responsible for something few people realize exists: the 2010 Plain Writing Act. Helpful Essay! In fact, Cheek was among the first government employees to champion the use of clear, concise language.
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