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How to write an academic paper proposal

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Purdue OWL: Academic Proposals

Black Rain Essay Research Paper BLACK RAIN. Write An Academic. Author: Monte Karlo. Black Rain Essay, Research Paper. BLACK RAIN by Masuji. Ibuse The main character in the novel is in newspaper edu, some ways like. Write. myself. Mr. Shizuma is a person that is intrigued by many. Dramatic Essay 2. things and likes to see what reaction people have from any. action. Throughout the novel he feels the need to go to. different parts of the city and surrounding communities in. order to write an academic paper, see the effects of the unknown bomb. Mr.

Shizuma. Du. was not only interested in what happened to the people of. the community but he was also interested in finding out what. the weapon used was called and made out of. There were. different names given to the bomb throughout the how to write an academic paper book and. he sums up the names in one paragraph, The name of the. bomb had already undergone a number of changes, from the. initial ?new weapon? through ?new-type bomb,? ?secret. weapon,? ?special new-type bomb,? to ?special. high-capacity bomb.? That day, I learned for the first time to. call it an ?atomic bomb.? (Black Rain 282) The importance. of the name of the bomb may seem ineffectual, but he seems. to buy home work, dwell on finding out what caused this type of destruction. Something else that Mr. Shizuma wants to do is remember. every little detail about what happens to everything from. what angle the house was on after the bomb to what his wife. cooked for dinner with the food rationing. He even likes to. write how people cured themselves of radiation sickness and. what the burns and other injuries look and act like. These. things are like myself in the fact that he does not like to. forget what things are like, wants to paper, see first hand what the. effects are, and is very interested in finding information about. new things that he has never seen before. He also likes to. help people greatly such as his constant wanderings looking. for coal for his community. If you were depended on 2, would. you help your community?

I think so. The theme that is very. meaningful to me is that war hurts two different parts of a. country. The first is the military, which was not really talked. about, and how to paper proposal then there is the civilians. The civilians must ration. food so that the military can eat, and then they must also. Essay. suffer because the bomb that was dropped was not meant. for any military base but to destroy and kill a city. The theme. is clear in meaning that it hurts the civilians much more than it. hurts the military and that war is very, very cruel. Write Proposal. The people. that were rationing had very little to eat and that amount.

became smaller as the war continued. People were forced to. grow carp in small, and search for mussels in ponds in order. to get any type of meat. By the end of the war there were no. mussels left in any of the many streams and there were also. no fish in any of the ponds. The only thing that survived were. the eels who were seen swimming up the river a day before. the surrender was given. This was a sign of audioprothesistes rebirth. It only. took a year after the Hiroshima bombing for the surrender. and during that time the government did not help any of the. people that really were hurt by how to paper proposal, the war, the civilians. It was. strange that the drunk people felt any remorse at how to an academic paper, all for losing the. war when the government that they were supposed to. believe in left them homeless and without any food. Innocent, unarmed people killed and mangled by a weapon. that could kill the entire planet. For what purpose was the. bomb dropped? Mr.

Shizuma made many remarks about. how if the opposition would have only waited a while longer. they would not have had to drop the mark antoine essay bomb because the. country was internally falling apart. This seems to me that the. dropping of the bomb was nothing but a science experiment. to the ?opposition?. That is the hidden theme to this novel. The only type of person that could possibly read this book is. a person that is very open minded to other ideas.

To most. people from the United States the bomb was necessary in. order to write proposal, stop the mark antoine laugier's on architecture war. In the eyes of the Japanese the how to write an academic paper bomb. was not needed to newspaper terminology, stop the how to write paper war. Which side is true? The. answer is both sides. To have an open mind and to be able. to accept new ideas is crucial when you look at people from. a different type of background and way of thinking. To read. this novel you must also have a pretty solid stomach because. there are many detailed entries about wounds and the way. that the skin starts to melt right off the living body.

The. whole story is told from the eyes and thoughts of the main. character Mr. Shizuma is different than any first hand. account that I have ever read and a reader must be willing to. get into that character in order to newspaper, get the how to write paper message, feelings, and pictures that Mr. Shizuma is trying to put forth. The. novel is written extremely clear but one of the problems is. that it gets slow every once in a while if Mr. Shizuma gets. something into his mind so he decides to prevent drunk driving essay, get it done. The. pond that his friend is growing carp in is traveled to what. seems to how to paper, be about a thousand times. What is christian contrast islam jew, good about the. many travels to these same places is that each time the how to an academic paper scene. changes slightly with someone becoming sick or the carp. growing.

What a person needs to read this book is careful. Newspaper. thought because of the slight changes and also a map seems. to grow inside your head of the an academic different places that he goes. to. These places are described in so much detail that it does. not take very much imagination to see what is going on and. what he is antoine laugier's, seeing. The title has a lot to do with the book. because the title is how the write an academic proposal whole thing started, with Mr. Shizuma?s daughter coming home with black spots on her. Edu. skin where the black rain had hit her. An Academic Paper Proposal. It could not be washed. off and it burnt through clothing. The ending to the novel was. satisfactory because the end of the war was a good place to. end the novel.

The only problem that I can see with this type. of ending is that the reader wants to know what has. happened to the community after a few years but what the. writer is driving, trying to say is very clear and enforced with people. crying because they lost the war. The crying was not only. because the how to write paper war was lost but also for the people that died, or are dyeing, in the community. Also the crying was also. from fear of 2 what was going to happen to them now that. another country had control of them.

The men mostly feared. that they were going to be castrated but they knew that the. country would never be the same but they would be able to. eat. How To Write Paper Proposal. The eels that were viewed in the river were still in the. larvae stage and they were swimming upriver. This gives the. man in the story hope that things will be all right and that they. have the drunk driving essay power to build a new community and help his. family deal with the how to write proposal sickness that his daughter has. The. overall meaning of the novel is that war makes things hard. for the people that have to stay at home and support their. soldiers. The heart of any country is with the general. population and when that general population was hit with. something unknown it did not only shock the rest of the. country but it made the country wonder if they were strong. enough.

People will pull through for themselves and family. before they think about what is going to happen to the way. that they live. This novel shows the power and curiosity of. the human spirit. It does accomplish what it set out to do,

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Persuasive Essay On Banned Books Essays and Research Papers. ever so greatly over the course of time there are still factors that stand in its way, mainly book banning and an academic paper, the fact that the compare islam, nation is . becoming more and more excepting of the fact, and not truly willing to take any action to how to an academic prevent it what so ever. Though some pieces of literature might have instances of crude and dramatic violin 2, unsettling language, it does not give the community the how to write an academic, right to du ban them. Write An Academic Proposal? Say no to violin 2 book banning, say no to write an academic paper the man that believes to be above all others, say no to dramatic the system that. American Library Association , Book , Censorship 1103 Words | 3 Pages. ? Banned Books Books are supposed to an academic paper be used as reading materials where information can be retrieved.

Due to this, . books are widely used in christian compare contrast essay jew learning institutions amongst students. The books themselves come in different genres and how to write an academic proposal, age requirements depending on their customers; this is such that there are children and essay, adult books . Write An Academic Paper? However, before a book gets printed and published for used, it undergoes vetting to determine its credibility. Once published, the different genres of books can then be distributed. American Library Association , Censorship , Freedom of expression 1507 Words | 6 Pages. 111 22June2012 Banned Books Banned books are becoming more current in this day of time. People . often do not understand the challenge of books or why a book is buy home work being banned . Write Paper Proposal? Ken Petrilli, the author of “ Banned Books Week: Celebrating You (and Celebrating Your (and Your Teens!) Freedom to Read” in audioprothesistes the Young Adult Library Services summer of 2009, talks about how he understand, how the parents feel about paper proposal some books being banned . Antoine Laugier's On Architecture? He also advised ways to make displays for banned books week. How To An Academic? Petrilli. American Library Association , Book , Censorship 1901 Words | 5 Pages.

Persuasive essay to your Employer Maria Cummings-Pinole Comm. Audioprothesistes? /105 May 22, 2010 Margaret Fletcher Persuasive . Write An Academic Proposal? essay to your Employer Tuition reimbursement program is one thing that every company should consider to offer to their employees. The program will not only benefit employees but the company as well. Companies who offer this program are usually at an upper hand over a company that does not offer it. Three advantages for a company that offer tuition reimbursement program are, more knowledge. Commerce , Company , Employment 960 Words | 3 Pages. Rhetoric and Persuasive Speech Topics.

view within a short period. It may seem difficult, but, in reality, it is not. Remember that the key lies in the speech topic that you have chosen. It is . essential to look for a speech topic that is dramatic contemporary and fascinating to how to write an academic paper the audience. Persuasive speech topics should be based on themes and ideas that the audience strongly feels about or may easily relate to.

You should choose a topic that interests you. It will be an additional benefit if you already have some prior knowledge of essay islam jew, the. Animal testing , Audience , Human rights 859 Words | 6 Pages. Persuasive Essay The idea of a doll who is write an academic paper supposed to teach my child and she what a cute young girl looks like, would you . think it would be dress to essay 2 a parents idea of how to an academic paper proposal, cute? The Bratz Dolls are unbelievably dressed and constructed. There has recently been much controversy over these dolls in my home town. It was a young Childs birthday party; she received a Bratz Doll as a present for essay jew her party. The following is the story that was written on what happened after the mother opened the gift and. Barbie , Bratz , Bratz Babyz 860 Words | 3 Pages. ?Iomy Estevez April 8, 2013 Persuasive essay Mandaory School Uniform Have you thought about how your family, your . home, music and write, even television have influenced you on the way you behave or even dress? While I was in buy home work middle school it was mandatory for all students to wear uniform and how to write proposal, I loved it, i felt welcome into newspaper terminology edu the school and since every one had to an academic wear the same thing no one was bullied and i became a straight A student sice i would only focuse in school.

Then high school came. Clothing , College , Dress code 802 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Erica Crawley COMM215 August 10, 2014 University of Phoenix Running head: PERSUASIVE . ESSAY 1 PERSUASIVE ESSAY 2 Persuasive Essay Many people can benefit from joining the Military service for a lot of different reasons. Some joined for the pay, to serve their country and some do it for the experience. There are many reason people join the christian islam, United States Army. Some other reasons to join the Army could be job security, education benefits, health insurance benefits, life. Ernest McFarland , G.I.

Bill , Health insurance 779 Words | 3 Pages. Writing assignment seriesPersuasive or argumentative essaysIn persuasive or argumentative writing, we try to convince othersto agree with our . facts, share our values,accept our argument and conclusions,and adopt our way of how to write an academic paper, thinking.Elements toward building a good persuasive essay include establishing factsto support an argument clarifying relevant valuesfor your audience (perspective) prioritizing, editing, and/or sequencingthe facts and values in importance to build the argument . Argument , Conclusion , Logic 691 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay COMM/215 Legalize Marijuana This essay will be about the legal issues of marijuana. Audioprothesistes Du? The . California government chooses to have a vote in an academic paper proposal California and other states and it passed the vote, now the federal government is trying to shut down dispensaries in the state. Even though California passed the vote in dramatic 2 1996 to allow the use of medical marijuana for medical use, the drug is still illegal under federal law. According to federal law, any amount found on a person is a misdemeanor. Cannabis , Domestic violence , Global Marijuana March 963 Words | 3 Pages.

people are attempting to how to write proposal restrict our access to certain books , by either challenging them or banning them. The reasons are usually because it . has sexual content or witchcraft and newspaper edu, the encouragement of violence. Book banning has become so common that the how to paper, last week of September is known as Banned Books Week. There have also been lists of frequently banned authors, as well as banned books . What is interesting about these is that many of the books are classics. The First Amendment of the Constitution. 2000 albums , Censorship , First Amendment to the United States Constitution 940 Words | 2 Pages. Persuasive Essay Craig Harper Comm/215 Essentials of College Writing September 19, 2012 Richard Cammarota . Persuasive Essay Crime is on the rise throughout America and audioprothesistes, it is how to an academic proposal happening at alarming rate. The offenders are getting younger and essay violin 2, younger and they seem to have no respect for other people property or values. Violent crimes is on the rise and the offenders getting younger and creating homelessness. This is how to an academic paper proposal just part of compare islam jew, what I want to discuss in my essay . How To Write? . Bloods , Crime , Criminology 772 Words | 3 Pages. Banning books blocks young children’s minds from real world information.

By limiting their range of reading, their knowledge is lowered to a . steady lull of comforting information. Audioprothesistes? When they are pushed into situations relating to these topics, they are at a disadvantage. How To Write Proposal? The Clan of the Cave Bear is a perfect example of this situation. The Clan of the Cave Bear has very useful information on laugier's essay on architecture, early human life. Write An Academic Paper Proposal? The Clan of the christian compare islam jew, Cave Bear is about a young early homosapien named Ayla. Ayla got separated. Earth's Children , Jean M. Auel , The Mammoth Hunters 1293 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Ryan Murphy COMM/215 March 6, 2013 Gary Christiansen Persuasive Essay . Sequester, what is it? How did we get here? Who is at how to write an academic paper proposal fault? These are the thing we will discuss.

Recently a lot of laugier's essay on architecture, people have been in an uproar over sequester and write paper proposal, the spending cuts that will automatically take place. What most people fail to understand is that this is not something that happened overnight it has loomed over us for months and our government has failed to take appropriate action to prevent. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , George W. Bush 980 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Raquel Daniel COMM/215 Essentials of College Writing July 7, 2011 Cassundra Flemister-White . Persuasive Essay Gangs Gangs are killing our upcoming generations. Gangs have always been around for many years and mark essay on architecture, they are still growing. They are becoming more violent now because they are using more than just their body parts to how to write an academic paper beat up people. These gangs are killing and raping people. It used to be about audioprothesistes colors and different language but now it is about something different.

Bloods , Crime , Gang 921 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Maurice R. McKenzie Comm/215 August 23, 2012 Dr. Robert Hobson Introduction A universal healthcare . plan would lower the overall healthcare cost and how to write paper proposal, make it affordable for more people. The Obamacare, addresses key issues that are beneficial to essay 2 the majority and not the rich minority population. How To An Academic Proposal? The plan focus on affordable insurance for more people, coverage for children with pre-existing conditions, and requiring business with fifty or more employees to offer health insurance. Health , Health care , Health economics 794 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Medelin Ocasio COMM/215 Essentials of Collage Writing January 29, 2013 Instructor Beverly Raznoff . Persuasive Essay In the future; university education would be free? A few days ago my daughter asked me why people pay for our college education if everyone can help the society. Immediately flowed many questions in my mind and realized that her inquietude was true. Education is the key to success.

At different stages of mark laugier's on architecture, my life I have heard this phrase. Academic degree , College , Education 827 Words | 5 Pages. Michelle Wang Language Arts Persuasive Essay 6/29/2012 Craving Friendship In the book “Of Mice . and Men” by John Steinbeck, the how to an academic proposal, characters felt considerable loneliness, even around other people. They feel left out, ignored, and even invisible with no one to talk concerning his own thoughts. Although a person is surrounded by driving essay, others, feelings of loneliness can occur. For instance, in how to paper “Of Mice and Men” the characters ignored by other people at essay the farm felt. Friendship , Great Depression , John Steinbeck 347 Words | 3 Pages. PERSUASIVE ESSAY COMM/215 ESSENTIALS OF COLLEGE WRITING JANUARY 20TH, 2013 The use of guns is everywhere nationwide. How To An Academic Proposal? . Many families and individuals own a gun for christian contrast jew their own personal protection. Some families only feel comfortable owning a gun in their home to protect their families, than Sandy Hook happened and write an academic paper, the world started turning.

All of the sudden guns became dangerous but what people don’t understand is that before that tragedy happened many families and buy home work, individuals still had ownership. Cannon , Firearm , Gun 812 Words | 3 Pages. ?Lorenzo Escude BBonincontri Ethical decision September / 22 / 2014 Persuasive essay The social network The social . How To Write? networks like Facebook actually alienate people instead of prevent essay, bringing them together through the isolation of how to write proposal, sitting alone on essay violin 2, the computer. How To Paper? The film The social network, is a film that brings the story how does this person create the drunk driving, Facebook. It is a story of entrepreneurship and theft, and of friendship and betrayal. Write An Academic Paper Proposal? More than anything else, it is dramatic essay violin a study of Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook’s.

Dustin Moskovitz , Facebook , Mark Zuckerberg 904 Words | 4 Pages. Persuasive Essay : Many people would be happy and satisfied if they were in how to paper a relationship with money and fame. Doesn't that seem . like the driving essay, perfect life? Everyone begins to write an academic paper think that in mark antoine on architecture life that's all that matters, and write proposal, that's all they need, nothing could be better. Society dictates our morals, feelings, the way we do things and try's to tell us certain things we do are wrong and we need to audioprothesistes do them the way they feel necessary. Our generations to come will have no clue what the meaning of a true. Celebrity , Civil disobedience , Concord, Massachusetts 2066 Words | 5 Pages. Persuasive Essay In 1983, Raymond Carver introduced his short story “Cathedral” to the public. The first-person narrative takes . place within the write paper, narrator’s home, where his wife is mark essay waiting upon the arrival of her blind friend Robert. The narrator, however, becomes more concerned about how Robert’s visit will affect him rather than enjoy the an academic, situation.

Once Robert arrives, the narrator tries to understand the blind man, but he is unaware of what tasks Robert is prevent drunk driving essay capable of performing due to the narrator’s. Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 807 Words | 3 Pages. Chana Mushka Kalmanson Persuasive Essay November 26, 2012 Physical Education is a Necessity Schools are struggling with . the issue of how to write proposal, whether physical education classes (“PE”) are a necessity or are an christian contrast islam jew, extra-curricular. How To Write Paper Proposal? However, PE is and must be an absolute necessity. It is integral to du the comprehensive school experience, both academically and socially. As such, it is vital that physical education classes be incorporated into an academic paper proposal the curriculum, regardless of audioprothesistes du, grade. High school students. College , Exercise , Grammar school 868 Words | 3 Pages.

Adam A Bentley English Comp. I Professor Singer January 31, 2012 Persuasive Essay , I’d Rather Smoke Than Kiss In times . How To Write An Academic? like today, people have mixed views on essay on architecture, smoking and on the effects it has on the human body. Most people who smoke, feel that non-smokers are against write, them, and believe in the myths that are portrayed by cigarette companies. Violin 2? They do not realize how addictive cigarettes are, and how to write an academic paper proposal, end up stuck with the essay, burden. I feel that her entire article is truly opinionated and biased about. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 889 Words | 3 Pages. Evan Bennett November 4, 2010 Persuasive Essay Gay discrimination is a major problem that affects individuals all across the . How To Write Paper? country. The Defense of audioprothesistes, Marriage Act needs to be repealed.

First, the Defense against Marriage Act will be explained and then why it needs to an academic paper proposal be repealed, then the effects the law has on society. The federal government needs to give same sex couples the same health benefits that heterosexual couples receive. Currently, the mark essay on architecture, government offers employees benefits such as health. Bisexuality , Bullying , Discrimination 881 Words | 3 Pages. Gabby Nelson Mr. Telles English 2; Period 4 6 March 2013 Persuasive Essay Although many countries use nuclear weapons, it . is a struggle for them to realize that it is write an academic paper very destructive and laugier's essay on architecture, harmful to the people and write paper, land. One nuclear bomb can kill a many as an entire city, and can cause many long-lasting effects on peoples lives. The use of essay on architecture, nuclear weapons is never justified, it is destructive to the country and can kill many innocent people. Many people say that nuclear weapons should be used. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Hiroshima , Little Boy 905 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Communications The housing . market or the housing bubble, which burst did affect everyone nationally and local has been hit by the economy .My opinion I do not think that the housing market contributed to what the economy is today.

But he housing market did hit the peak for what houses were worth in the San Diego area.( And this was all caused by the actions of lenders are directly attributable. Debt , Fannie Mae , Mortgage 856 Words | 3 Pages. In persuasive writing, a writer takes a position FOR or AGAINST an issue and writes to write an academic paper convince the reader to believe or do something. Buy Home Work? . Persuasive writing is write paper often used in advertisements to mark get the reader to buy a product. It is also used in essays and other types of writing to get the reader to accept a point of view. In order to convince the how to, reader you need more than opinion; you need facts or examples to back your opinion. So, be sure to do the research! Persuasive writing follows a particular. 2005 albums , Doctor of buy home work, Philosophy , Essay 1013 Words | 4 Pages. ? Persuasive Essay Many movies, television shows, music songs, and video games are filled with violence: murder scenes, nonstop . profanity, rape and torture scenarios.

By placing scenes like these in an academic paper proposal the movies for the children and teenagers to drunk essay see, the media is causing them to write proposal become more violent than it already is. What has our society come to these days? Everywhere we look, violence is present; in buy home work the streets, back alleys, schools, and even at home. How To An Academic Paper? Even if one might be a pacifist, violence will. Columbine High School massacre , Media violence research , Seung-Hui Cho 888 Words | 2 Pages. Should drugs be banned in dramatic violin 2 sport? (persuasive essay)

Ferdinand and his missing drugs test case, we have had Dwain Chambers, the European 100m record-holder, who was tested positive for THG and more recently we . have had the Greg Rusedski case. The British number two tennis player has tested positive for the banned drug nandrolone and in the past Ben Johnson tested positive after his world-record winning run at the at the 1988 Seoul Olympics. Both Dwain Chambers and write an academic paper, Greg Rusedski deny taking the drugs but both could face serious consequences if they are actually. Anabolic steroid , Carl Lewis , Cheating 1076 Words | 3 Pages. you ever be interested in the topic of war? Fallen Angels is a book about just that, the Vietnam War to be exact. The main character’s name is . On Architecture? Perry, a soldier who was drafted into the military in the 1960’s. In 2002, Fallen Angels was banned in some middle schools “for offensive language, racism, violence, and being unsuited to age group.” People think the book has too much profanity and drug use. Fallen Angels should not be banned because it tells young people the history of America.

It gives. Angel , Army , High school 991 Words | 3 Pages. ? bcom/215 Persuasive Essay At least 11% of women smoke during pregnancy. Many of these . How To An Academic Paper? women smoke without knowing the drunk, significant negative effects smoking has on their babies before, during, and write paper, after the pregnancy. When a woman smokes during pregnancy, she exposes her baby to dangerous chemicals such as tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine, and terminology, other poisonous chemicals that travels through the write an academic proposal, bloodstream and du, goes directly to the baby.

Nicotine restricts the oxygen. Acute respiratory distress syndrome , Breastfeeding , Childbirth 788 Words | 3 Pages. ? Sydia Smith December 17, 2013 ENGL 101 Persuasive Essay Assignment: For generations people . of color have been put into a system caste of write proposal, injustice. Christian Compare Contrast? From slavery, to the Jim Crow era, and now in today’s society. Today in the United States the incarceration rate has nearly tripled over the years. With the significant increase in the incarceration rates, it leads you to how to an academic paper proposal wonder what the cause may be.

The government has found a way to indirectly create another system. African American , Drug addiction , Incarceration 1013 Words | 3 Pages. Final: Persuasive Essay “Home Sweet Home” COM/156 Why spend money that is really needed for other things? Why live . uncomfortably? Why be trapped in this hole called a home that belongs to another person? Why not live free and peacefully? When a person rents he or she usually throws away money that could be used to purchase something that belongs to them. Islam? Money is not easy to an academic paper come by so why pay out hundreds toward something that is not benefit to the person paying it out. There is no good explanation.

Apartment , English-language films , Landlord 1195 Words | 3 Pages. ? ENG 121.201 14 July 2014 Persuasive Essay : It's not just a game, to many athletes this statement rings . Mark Antoine Essay? true. Sports fuel the drive and determination within people, and how to write an academic, provide them an buy home work, essential learning tool from which they can grow. Competitive is defined as, of write paper proposal, or relating to a situation in which people or groups are trying to win a contest or be more successful than other : relating to or involving competition .(merriam-webster.com) This concept of competitiveness is. Child , Game , Health 1173 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Laziness in America By Greg Hill Comp 2 America today is a very lazy place; people have become too . accustomed to terminology edu their ways and will not even consider what it is doing to them. How To? Everyone constantly praises our wonderful technology; what they don’t realize is what our tech has done to christian jew us.

As we depend more and more on gadgets to how to write paper proposal do things for newspaper terminology us we lose ourselves to apathy and our personal interests completely forgetting the common good. Paper Proposal? When it becomes so easy to satisfy our. Adipose tissue , Body mass index , Body shape 1046 Words | 3 Pages. ?Hannah Gillespie Mr. Shoupe Period 7 Persuasive Essay 6 October 2014 Don’t Protect Marriage, Expand It Everyone has rights. In . America, we have the driving essay, Bill of Rights, telling the American people that they have the right to bear arms, freedom of speech, etc. An Academic? A human, in terminology edu any circumstance, has the right to love, and to get married.

Why is how to proposal it that men and newspaper terminology edu, women are expected to an academic paper proposal get married, have a family, and grow old together, but the right to be in driving essay a relationship with someone of the how to write paper proposal, same gender is unspeakable. Civil union , Heterosexism , Homophobia 990 Words | 4 Pages. number of people are employed by cigarette making companies. If the production of cigarettes is banned , a lot of essay on architecture, people will lose jobs. The . probability of all of these people getting employed again is low; as most of them are not educated enough to meet the minimum requirement for other jobs and are the sole sources of income for their families. The main reason governments all over the world have not banned cigarette production is the huge amounts of revenue and taxes generated from its sale. These. Cancer , Cigar , Cigarette 1495 Words | 4 Pages. ? Banned Books in Connecticut By: Jasdeep (Jazzy) Sandhu Communications 100, 2/16/2010 Why Catcher in the rye was . Banned Although Catcher in the rye became No. 1 on the New York Times bestseller list when it was published in 1951, it attracted the attention of censors immediately.

It was banned from how to an academic public libraries and schools for reasons ranging from using excessive vulgar language, sexual scenes, moral issues, excessive violence, racist, rude and the occult. Regardless of efforts to ban the. First Amendment to the United States Constitution , Holden Caulfield , Joan Caulfield 1413 Words | 4 Pages. A. Buy Home Work? Write a persuasive essay on: People depend too much on computers. B. Audience: Your college professor C. Position: For or . against it? D. Composing your three page persuasive essay : 1. Introduction A. Hook B. Thesis 2. Body (several paragraphs) A. Topic sentence B. Supporting Details C. Transitions 3. Conclusion (a paragraph) A. Restate your main point B. Leave the reader with something to think about Nowadays people use computers in business, public services, education and. Computer , Docent , Lecturer 321 Words | 3 Pages.

Carolyn Gaudioso 2-13-12 Dr. Vericker: English 211 Persuasive Essay School Budget Cuts Do More Harm Than Good Due to the . financial crisis there have been many changes made to government programs to write an academic paper proposal reduce costs and help with debt. Many of these cuts are happening statewide, in America’s public schools. Prevent Driving? The first programs that are being cut are the art programs, and the excuse is that the core classes are more important. The argument is how to an academic paper that children need to be more focused on test scores.

Art , Arts , Education 1386 Words | 4 Pages. English 1021 Diagnostic Essay Some people believe that writing an essay is extremely hard. They are wrong. If you have the . correct information, time, and antoine laugier's essay on architecture, a cup of coffee you should have no problem. There are many different types of how to paper, essays , for example, an dramatic 2, informative essay , a research paper, or a persuasive essay . Although they all have a different overall theme and purpose for being written, they all have the same outline for how exactly to how to an academic paper write it. No matter what you always start off with an. Abstraction , Question , Quotation 946 Words | 3 Pages.

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The Golden Age of Abstraction: Right Now. It’s tempting to see the years 1912–25 and 1947–70 as the proposal two golden ages of abstract art, and to feel that the present revival of abstraction is no more than a silver age. But the drunk essay present is always deceptive: it was not evident to their contemporaries that Malevich, Mondrian, and Pollock were the towering giants they seem to us in retrospect. An Academic Paper? The fact is, there is a vast amount of good abstract art being made today, and islam, the best of it is every bit as good as the how to write an academic best abstract art of the past. The golden age of abstraction is right now . Museums and art centers have lately been taking a remarkable interest in abstract art, past and buy home work, present. Last year, MoMA opened “Inventing Abstraction, 1910–1925”; the how to write proposal Guggenheim offered “Art of Another Kind,” comparing American and European abstraction of the 1950s; “Destroy the Picture,” at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, explored the mark antoine fascination with dirty, distressed materials among artists of the same era; the Musee d’art contemporain de Montreal traced the impressive history of Canadian abstraction since 1939; the Hunter College/Times Square Gallery presented “Conceptual Abstraction,” a survey (which I curated with Joachim Pissarro) of 20 abstract painters who came to prominence in New York in the 1980s; and an academic proposal, MUDAM (the Musee d’Art Moderne) in Luxembourg gathered 23 contemporary European artists in “Les Detours de l’abstraction.” Already in 2013, the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis has opened “Painter Painter,” a survey of emerging abstract painters from audioprothesistes du, both the U.S. and Europe, and next month, the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago opens “MCA DNA Chicago Conceptual Abstraction,1986–1995,” with works in various mediums. How do we make sense of how to, all this activity in a type of art that was declared dead 40 years ago? I believe the most useful way to understand abstraction is not in terms of its formal evolution (which does not, in any case, fit the linear models beloved of theoreticians) but in terms of drunk essay, thematic content. The formal qualities of an abstract painting or sculpture are significant not in themselves but as part of the work’s expressive message. Artists work by reviving and transforming archetypes from the unconscious of modern culture. Therefore, the most useful questions to ask about contemporary abstract painting or sculpture are: What themes and forms does it retrieve from the tradition of modern art?

How have they been changed? And how has the artist used them to express the social, political, and write an academic paper proposal, spiritual experience of our own time? We might view abstract art as falling into six basic categories. Laugier's Essay? Three respond to nature: cosmologies, landscapes, and anatomies. And three respond to culture: fabrics, architecture, and signs. These categories are not mutually exclusive. It often happens, for instance, that cosmological images include anatomical imagery or that images inspired by paper proposal, fabric patterns include drawn or written signs. Chris Martin’s Seven Pointed Star for Isaac Hayes , 2009, touches on cosmology and technology. COURTESY MITCHELL-INNES NASH, NEW YORK. Cosmological imagery in modern art assumes three main forms: orbs, orbits, and constellations. The orbs and orbits in the work of buy home work, pioneering abstract artists like Alexander Rodchenko and Liubov’ Popova reflected the how to an academic paper Russian avant-garde’s obsession with space travel as an allegory of revolution: the newspaper terminology edu cosmonaut left behind the corrupt old world to build a rational utopia in outer space.

Another kind of cosmological imagery emerged in the 1920s: the constellation or star chart, consisting of an array of dots connected by lines. In the late 1940s, Pollock took the fixed constellations and set them into motion, in paintings like Reflection of the Big Dipper (1947). Both static and mobile versions of the motif play important roles in contemporary abstraction. For the Parisian Surrealists, the dot-and-line motif of the star chart was significant as an example of the way that intelligible meaning (the figurative image of Orion or the Great Bear) can emerge from chance events (the random distribution of stars in the night sky). For a contemporary audience, however, the same formal motif is likely to read not as a literal constellation but as the more abstract image of a network.

Chris Martin’s cagelike “constellations” evoke the Internet Age, with its promise of write, total connectedness and its threat of incessant surveillance. The funky, handmade facture of his painting, with papier-mache spheres emerging at du each node, reasserts the paper value of flawed humanity over the seamless web of prevent driving, technology. Julie Mehretu’s paintings similarly transform the meaning of her sources. An Academic Proposal? Where Pollock’s swirling constellations appeared to their original audience as images of the compare jew Jungian unconscious, Mehretu’s grids and streaks, punctuated by shifting crowds and billowing smoke, express the dynamism and turmoil of the global economy. Among contemporary painters, David Row combines orbital imagery with crystalline forms, shifting its meaning from an academic proposal, social and prevent driving, utopian to spiritual and transcendent. Write An Academic Proposal? Other abstract artists using cosmological imagery include Olafur Eliasson, Iole de Freitas, Bill Komoski, Albert Oehlen, Matthew Ritchie, Peter Schuyff, and prevent drunk essay, Christopher Wool. Anish Kapoor’s Cloud Gate , 2004, in Chicago’s Millennium Park, reflects and how to write paper, distorts the prevent drunk surrounding landscape. PETER J. SCHLUZ/COURTESY THE CITY OF CHICAGO AND GLADSTONE GALLERY, NEW YORK AND BRUSSELS. A half-century ago, in how to write proposal the February 1961 issue of ARTnews , the iconoclastic art historian Robert Rosenblum coined the term “abstract sublime” to describe the way that the paintings of Clyfford Still, Mark Rothko, and Barnett Newman call to mind a sense of the immensity and power of nature comparable to that found in newspaper terminology edu the landscapes of such Romantic painters as J.M.W. Turner and Caspar David Friedrich. While the sublime may be out of fashion, references to write paper, the natural landscape persist in contemporary abstraction.

The huge popularity of Anish Kapoor’s monumental Cloud Gate may be due to the hallucinatory impression it gives of having brought the heavens down to Earth. At the same time, the sculpture’s mirrorlike skin, recalling Brancusi’s polished bronzes, places it in the avant-garde tradition of art that actively interacts with its viewers and its environment. In the setting of downtown Chicago, Kapoor’s silvered sculpture seems to christian contrast essay islam, absorb, concentrate, and reemit the an academic paper proposal essence of a great American metropolis. Of course, abstract art does not need to be monumental to newspaper edu, evoke the natural environment. David Reed shades his gestural brushwork with such precision that it suggests roiling clouds over a western landscape. Gerhard Richter’s abstract pictures glow with the same damp, shimmering light as his paintings of the German countryside. His translucent colors and modulated shading look like photographs even in how to write an academic paper proposal his nonfigurative compositions. At the opposite extreme, Mary Heilmann uses opaque colors and rough brushwork to avoid any hint of illusionism.

Nonetheless, the baroque swerves and switchbacks of her stacked bands in a painting like Surfing on Acid (2005) suggest the parallel lines of waves approaching a beach, swelling and breaking as they near the shore. Using the new technology of digital animation, Jennifer Steinkamp transforms trees, vines, and christian compare essay islam, branches into writhing, abstract arabesques. Landscape-related imagery also appears in the abstract work of Tara Donovan, Stephen Ellis, Anoka Faruqee, Jacqueline Humphries, Shirley Kaneda, Wolfgang Laib, Fabian Marcaccio, Joseph Marioni, Odili Donald Odita, Cornelia Parker, Joanna Pousette-Dart, Pat Steir, William Wood, Sanford Wurmfeld, and John Zinsser. Jonathan Lasker’s The Quotidian and the Question , 2007, suggests anatomical structures. COURTESY CHEIM READ, NEW YORK. In Jonathan Lasker’s canvases, thinly painted stage sets and imaginary landscapes are occupied by brooding presences laid in with thick strokes of impasto. These “presences” have typically come to take the form of P-shaped configurations suggesting massive heads that confront one another, like the haunted eyeballs and truncated feet of how to paper, late Philip Guston. However, the abstract anatomies of contemporary artists rarely correspond to the image of the human body as a whole. Audioprothesistes Du? Instead, their work tends to how to write proposal, hint at individual body parts, internal organs, or the “abject” substances excreted by the body. The masterwork of sculptor Tim Hawkinson is an enormous installation of floating bladders linked by audioprothesistes, long intestinal tubes, appropriately titled Uberorgan . Among painters, Sue Williams has created throbbing allover compositions of sexual organs, while Carrie Moyer uses biomorphic curves and blushing colors to intimate arousal in write an academic paper proposal compositions that initially look like abstract landscapes.

Leaving the recognizable body further behind, Ingrid Calame depicts a universe of drips, stains, and smears, their pathetic associations offset by bright, incongruous colors. It seems at first glance that Calame’s skeins and pools of color must have been dripped freely onto newspaper edu canvas, Pollock-style. However, the apparent fluidity of her work is the how to write paper result of a meticulous process of tracing markings found on sidewalks, floors, and streets. These drawings on translucent paper are archived and then arranged in layers to create new compositions. The work of Valerie Jaudon, who emerged from the Pattern and Decoration movement, has remained highly abstract but alludes to the repeat patterns of fabric or wallpaper, as in newspaper edu Circa , 2012.

COURTESY THE ARTIST AND VON LINTEL GALLERY, NEW YORK. Turning from natural to an academic, man-made models for abstraction, fabric has figured prominently as a source of inspiration. Throughout much of the 20th century, male abstract artists rejected comparisons between their paintings and decorative fabrics. In the 1970s, however, women artists, such as Miriam Schapiro and Joyce Kozloff, set out to revindicate decoration and to use it as the point of departure for dramatic violin a new, feminist mode of abstraction. The artists (both male and female) of the Pattern and paper, Decoration movement often incorporated representational and buy home work, architectural elements into their brilliantly colored compositions. Of the artists emerging from this movement, Valerie Jaudon has remained one of the most severely abstract. In her recent work, she almost eliminates color, using only black and white, or white paint on an academic bare brown linen. But she combines this austere palette with a sensual profusion of antoine laugier's essay on architecture, pattern, numbing and teasing the write an academic proposal mind like a carved wooden panel from the Alhambra. Her designs suggest the repeat patterns of fabric or wallpaper, without ever quite resolving into regularity.

In the 1970s, some American artists, like Kim MacConnel, looked to African fabrics as models of driving essay, laid-back geometry. Today, it is African artists themselves who are winning recognition as brilliant innovators. Take, for example, the abstract tapestries of El Anatsui, on an academic view in newspaper terminology a retrospective that runs through August 4 at the Brooklyn Museum. Anatsui’s tapestries are put together from hundreds or thousands of pieces of metallic scrap—the caps, bands, wrappers, and labels that adorn the bottles and other items you would find in a market or trash heap in western Africa. The shimmering gold and silver of Anatsui’s work offer an image of celebratory splendor. Draped and folded, rather than hung flush against the wall, these tapestries challenge our assumptions about the obligatory flatness of write an academic proposal, abstraction. Prevent? Other contemporary abstractionists working with the imagery of fabric and decorative patterning include Linda Besemer, Bernard Frize, Richard Kalina, Ryan McGinness, Beatriz Milhazes, Sean Scully, Frank Stella, Philip Taaffe, and Adriana Varejao. Architectural structures inform Peter Halley’s paintings, as in Accretive Cognition , 2010.

©PETER HALLEY/COURTESY MARY BOONE GALLERY, NEW YORK. Peter Halley’s paintings, which launched the Neo-Geo movement of the 1980s, focus obsessively on how to an academic the motif of a rectangular cell, reminiscent of a house, a prison, a computer chip, or a piece of machinery. Resting on a narrow band of compare contrast islam jew, earth or flooring, the structure is plugged into how to an academic proposal its environment by driving, conduits that run through the ground or take to how to an academic paper, the sky, connecting it into an invisible urban grid. Buy Home Work? Instead of how to an academic proposal, a place of dramatic essay 2, refuge, the cell becomes a symbol of the postmodern self: isolated, immobilized, and under surveillance. The pure optical quality of 1960s modernism gives way in Halley’s work to a purgatory of Day-Glo colors and motel-room textures: garish, menacing, and weirdly seductive. How To Write Paper Proposal? Another painter, Sarah Morris, uses tilted grids and pulsing colors to suggest the dazed confusion found in the mirrored facades of corporate modernism. Whereas Halley and Morris propose large allegorical statements about contemporary society, Rachel Harrison speaks to a realm of personal experience.

Her sculptures often incorporate beams, lintels, and moldings embedded in essay cement or pieces of sheetrock fastened into a loose grid, accompanied by toys, framed photographs, and write an academic paper, other household furnishings. The works seem like fragments of houses that have been smashed apart by natural disasters or worn down by everyday life. And yet there’s something oddly cheerful about Harrison’s eroded architectures, even when they’re not painted in the primary-school colors she often favors. They have a kind of pluck, as if they’re determined to antoine essay, carry on, no matter what. (In Harrison’s most recent work, architecture has mutated into anatomy, as her stacked forms begin to resemble living creatures.) In Untitled , 2010, Wade Guyton updates abstraction, eliminating the artist’s hand by write an academic paper, using digital printers instead of stencils. LAMAY PHOTO/COURTESY THE ARTIST AND PETZEL, NEW YORK. Signs have been an essay 2 important element of modern art ever since 1911 and 1912, when Picasso and Braque put stenciled letters and scraps of newspaper into their Cubist pictures. Write Proposal? But Jasper Johns’s flag, map, and number pictures of the du 1950s and early 1960s initiated a revolutionary transformation in the character of sign painting.

His stenciled letters and regular grids came to convey meaninglessness instead of meaning. How To Paper? They didn’t express emotion; they repressed it. Buy Home Work? In one way or another, his work lies behind much of the most important art of 1960s, from the monochromes of how to write an academic paper proposal, Frank Stella and Brice Marden to the Minimal boxes of Robert Morris and Donald Judd. Fifty years later, Johns continues to exercise a decisive influence on audioprothesistes du abstraction. Write Paper? Wade Guyton, shown last year at christian compare islam the Whitney, updates Johns’s number paintings, eliminating the artist’s hand by using digital printers instead of stencils. Guyton’s insistent X’s seem less like marks than like cancellations, refusing to signify and then fading into blankness. Mark Bradford’s paintings resemble the giant computer screens that sophisticated police departments use for real-time surveillance of traffic, crime, and accidents, with data overlaid on urban grids. But in contrast to the flickering pixels of the computer screen, Bradford’s images have actual substance. An Academic Paper? Like Calame, he works with papers and materials gathered from the streets of Los Angeles, shredding and aging them, then layering them into his compositions. Drunk? Bradford’s powerful combination of imagery and materials captures the experience of living simultaneously in the parallel universes of information and sensation.

Ultimately, the evolution of how to proposal, abstract art—like the evolution of newspaper edu, modern art more broadly—has been a series of responses to the experience of life in the 20th and 21st centuries. As Halley argues in a brilliant 1991 essay, abstraction before World War II was largely inspired by the utopian belief that rational technocracy (i.e., socialism) would create a better world. The technocratic ideal found its most powerful symbol not in the rosy-cheeked workers of Socialist Realism but in geometric abstraction. After the devastation of World War II and the revelation of the horrors of Stalinist Russia, geometry could no longer function as an image of utopia. Changing polarity, it became instead a symbol of alienation. Much contemporary art—not to mention fiction, film, and television—reflects a Blade Runner vision of a world, in which the individual is rendered powerless by anonymous government agencies, giant corporations, and an academic, deafening mass culture. It’s useful to remember that this nightmare vision is itself a romantic stereotype, ignoring the positive aspects of drunk essay, postmodern society. Since 1980, the how to write paper number of people living in extreme poverty has declined dramatically, both as a percentage of world population and in absolute numbers. The principal reason is the essay globalization of the how to write proposal economy, which has created millions of factory jobs in the former Third World, lifting workers from du, starvation in the countryside to subsistence in the cities. Some of the most exciting abstract artists today are those, like Anatsui and Mehretu, whose work responds to this transformation, either by reinventing traditional arts for a global art world or by creating visual allegories of social change that carry us beyond the how to write an academic paper proposal old capitalism-socialism divide.

In 2013, as in 1913, abstraction is how we think about the future. Pepe Karmel is associate professor of du, art history at New York University. Copyright 2017, Art Media ARTNEWS, llc. 110 Greene Street, 2nd Fl., New York, N.Y. 10012. All rights reserved. Your cart is empty. Picket Fences: Ai Weiwei Protests Oppressive Borders with a Work of how to write an academic paper, Public Art.

‘The Painting’s Not Really on the Wall’: Mary Corse on 50 Years of Her Elusive, Seductive Art, and Shows in Los Angeles and New York. Acquiring Minds: Top 200 Collectors Reveal Their Mentors and Inspirations.

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I#039;ve got a fairly short little animation sequence that the folks here at my work would like to insert into essay jew one of our web pages on our site.? It#039;s a demo on how to write, use one of our products, so I#039;d like to dramatic violin 2, add a few buttons so the user can pause and then resume the entire movie.? There is how to an academic absolutely no scripting applied to the FLA right now. I#039;ve been working on mark laugier's another project that involves scripting some buttons with AS3, so I have some knowledge, but am still having a lot of difficulty, Javascript :: Pause/resume/manipulate A Swiffyobject? There seems to write paper proposal, be little support or discussion around regarding Google Swiffy [URL] ActionScript 2.0 :: Pause And Resume Slideshow After 10 Seconds? I built an audioprothesistes du XML based slideshow, but need to how to write an academic paper proposal, delay the actions of it for 10 seconds. basically, I want the first image to come up and pause for 10 seconds, then resume with the original speed. Everything works, except I can#039;t figure out how to pause it. I tried using a separate function to essay violin, call the write an academic proposal, first image, then a setTimeout for essay, the main slideshow function, but when the main slideshow came up, it had already started and how to write an academic first two slides were already gone. so I removed the setTimeout and have tried a few different things, but nothing seems to work how i need it to. [code].

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So my config is: 2 - Load pages 3, 4, 5 in the case user is browsing page 1 or 2. 3 - If user clicks on page 3, 4 or 5, load this page. 4 - If user clicks on 3, 4, or 5, preload the on architecture, clicked page and how to write paper stop the preloading of the two others. 5 - If user clicks on another non-essential page, resume loading of the page. Audioprothesistes Du. Flash :: Pause And Resume Button For Nested Movies? I hav a flash-movue with several movieclips at write an academic different depths.Is there a way to mark antoine laugier's, program a universal pause/resume-button in actionscritp 2? ActionScript 3.0 :: Pause/Resume Audio From External SWF Loaded. How To Write. loaded an external swf (with audio) in a conteiner swf. From the cointeiner I want to controll audio pause/resume. I know the essay, procedure to how to write, do this with a mp3 file, but I can#039;t? intercept the sound channel of my child swf. this should be the code to obtain the sound position: var soundChannel:SoundChannel = new SoundChannel(); var sound:Sound = new Sound(new URLRequest(SOUND.mp3)); But I haven#039;t the mp3 path. My mp3 is embedded into swf child.

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ActionScript 3.0 :: Timer Class: Precise Pause And Resume? i have a mc with a slideshow nested on the main timeline and two buttons with a simple code to islam, pause and resume: ActionScript 3.0 :: Pause And Resume A Game When It Has More Than One Enterframe Event? how can i pause and resume a game when it has more than one Enterframe Event? ActionScript 2.0 :: Flash Movie - Pause And Resume Control At Certain Frames. I#039;ve set up my flash movie to play and how to write stop at certian frames in the movie. I#039;d like to add a pause button to pause the movie anywhere in the timeline or animation and then resume from spot it#039;s paused on. This is for a presentation. ActionScript 1/2 :: Create A Pause, Resume, Rewind, Or Fast Forward Button For An External Mp3?

I#039;m loading an external .swf using the following code: voiceover = new Sound ();voiceover.loadSound(Audio/Test.mp3, true); The audio plays fine. My question is how can I create a pause, resume, rewind, or fast forward button for an external mp3? ActionScript 3.0 :: Flash - Add A Play/pause Btn That Will Pause Both Pictures And Sound? I have a timeline of 30 frames, each it#039;s own mc (page01_mc, etc.). In each mc I show a picture or two and hear narration.I have a first, prev and next nav on buy home work the main timeline. I need to add a play/pause btn that will pause both pictures and sound.

I assume I do that in paper proposal, each mc, but do not know where to find the code.Here is what is in each mc now: ActionScript 3.0 :: Pausing Resume Sound? I#039;m trying to newspaper edu, pause and paper proposal resume play a background sound loop and tweens with the same button. ActionScript 3.0 :: Resume Website Timeline After Intro Plays? I made an intro animation for buy home work, a website. How To An Academic Paper Proposal. Packaged it up into a movie clip, selected Export for ActionScript, dragged it into my timeline, and gave it an christian essay islam jew instance name (myIntro_mc).

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Example Persuasive Paper on the Death Penalty. Death penalty has been an inalienable part of write an academic paper proposal, human society and its legal system for centuries, regarded as a necessary deterrent to dangerous crimes and a way to buy home work, liberate the community from dangerous criminals. However, later on this type of write paper, punishment came to be regarded as a crime against drunk driving humanistic ideals by many, and its validity in the legal system has been questioned. Until now, the debate rages on. How To Paper Proposal! This resulted in a wide discrepancy of laws on this issue. Some nations including China, the US, Iran, Belarus, and others preserve the death penalty as an option, while others like Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and almost all European nations have abolished capital punishment. Still others keep the newspaper edu, norm in their legislations, but have de facto suspended execution of criminals sentenced to capital punishment. This paper will seek to prove that death penalty has to be preserved as a valid means of prevention serious crimes. It will examine the effect of death penalty on society and its relevance to the protection of interests of common citizens.

The history of death penalty is almost as old as the paper, history of mankind. Various means of capital punishment involved burning, hanging, drowning, crucifixion, breaking on the will, boiling to antoine laugier's, death, electrocution, firing squad, gassing - the list can be continued. The choice of a particular method in Europe in an academic proposal, the Middle Age, for instance, depended on the social status of the condemned. Painless and respectable ways were reserved for the aristocracy; and more painful for the common people, such as hanging or breaking on the wheel. In other cases, the choice of the method was warranted by the time of crime: witches and heretics had to prevent driving, be burned at the stake. Capital punishment was envisaged for an academic paper a broad array of crimes, “including robbery and theft, even if nobody was physically harmed in the action” (Wikipedia). The French Revolution introduced a more humane execution method, the guillotine that cut off the heads of the condemned. The first decision to abolish capital punishment was made by the Grand Duke Leopold II of Habsburg in christian compare jew, Granducato di Toscana (Tuscany) on 30 November 1786. The duke cancelled the penalty and write an academic paper proposal, ordered to destroy all the instruments of murder in his nation after being influenced by the book the Italian Cesare Beccaria Dei Delitti e Delle Pene On Crimes and Punishments. The anniversary of the christian compare islam, decree is since 2000 celebrated as a holiday in Tuscany.

In 2004, as reports Amnesty International, 3,797 people in 25 nations were executed. China accounts for the bulk of write paper, these executions - 3,400 cases. Kuwait is the audioprothesistes, leader in the number of write an academic paper, executions per antoine essay 100,000 residents - 400 compared to 260 in China and 230 in Iran, the how to, runner-up on the total number, 159 (Wikipedia). In most nations, death penalty is used to punish criminals for war crimes or serious crimes associated with physical injury. In Asia (Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand) it is used to punish for drug-related crimes, even though these crimes are mot related to physical injury. As part of anti-death penalty movement, this call to repeal this measure has been upheld by various international organizations.

For instance, “the United Nations Convention on driving the Rights of the Child, which among other things forbids capital punishment for how to write an academic proposal juveniles, has been signed and ratified by all countries except the USA and newspaper terminology edu, Somalia” (Wikipedia). Some international conventions such as the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on how to write proposal Civil and Political Rights, and the Sixth Protocol to dramatic essay 2, the European Convention on Human Rights have been adopted, although they only bind nations that have ratified them. Organizations like the European Union demand from new members the abolition of write, death penalty as a condition of entry. Thus, there is a significant pressure on buy home work nations to cancel it. Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch are two prominent organisations fighting against how to write proposal death penalty. The issues involved in newspaper terminology, the discussion of death penalty usually focus around two main parts. How To Write An Academic Paper! First, this punishment is analysed from a purely utilitarian perspective in newspaper, an effort to find out an academic whether application of capital punishment really helps to deter crime and reduce the risk of recidivism, when criminals commit repeated crimes. The evidence for this is sought in crime rates in terminology edu, regions and paper proposal, nations where executions are carried out. Second, supporters or opponents of death penalty need to find out whether this penalty can be acknowledged on moral grounds, solving the problem of whether human beings are justified in killing other human beings.

Although the arguments stated remain basically the same throughout history of the laugier's on architecture, discussion, evidence can vary, and the findings, although controversial, can tilt the public opinion to one or the other side. Write Paper Proposal! Thus, the support for death penalty surges in nations where especially outrageous murders take place. On the contrary, a lower criminal rate reduces the support. Death penalty, in my view, has to be supported on the ground of edu, just retribution for murder. Still, I do not believe in death as a form of punishment for drug dealers, however heinous their activities might be, since they did not violate human lives. Political crimes should not be punished with death either, as this would open the way to political repression and physical elimination of how to write an academic, political rivals, as it happened in prevent drunk, Stalin's times in the Soviet Union. Write An Academic! However, when a person murders another person, death is the right kind of retribution. This is analogous to penalties imposed for instance for robbery or theft - the criminal often has to newspaper terminology, forfeit one's possessions for taking the property of another person. Similarly, it is fair that one who has consciously taken the an academic paper proposal, life of another person should suffer death. In a research paper “Is Capital Punishment Morall Required?

The Relevance of Life-Life Tradeoffs” by laugier's Cass R. Susstein and Adrian Vermeule, the authors suggest that death penalty is morally justified on the basis of distinction between acts and omissions. Most opponents of death penalty argue that it is how to proposal, barbaric for a government to take a human life since there is a difference between an act, such as killing a person, and omission, such as refraining from the act. But, researchers argue, by forbidding official penalty, government officials de facto allow numerous private killings that are left unpunished. However, a government that fails to maintain the welfare of the du, citizens by omitting death penalty from the criminal code will leave citizens unprotected and decrease their welfare “just as would a state that failed to enact simple environmental measures that could save a great many lives” (Sunstein, Vermeule 2005:41). Therefore, punishing the criminals is a necessary part of any state policy. The interests of victims or potential victims of murders cannot be overlooked in write an academic paper proposal, order to consider the interests of the criminals guilty of the most heinous crime - taking a person's life. One of the most important arguments in favor of death penalty is the fact that it helps to deter capital crimes.

This issue is debatable since there have been suggestions that application of mark antoine, death penalty has no serious effects on the rate of murders, for instance. Write An Academic Paper! Besides, opponents of death penalty claim that it is not possible to deter so-called crimes-of-passion committed in an emotionally affected state when a person is not capable of thinking about future punishment. However, there is evidence that application of capital punishment can indeed prevent crimes, even those that are committed by intimates. A study by Joanna M. Dramatic Violin! Shepherd “Murders of Passion, Execution Delays, and Deterrence of Crime” points to how to an academic proposal, the existence of a correlation between the number of crimes and death penalty. To find this relationship, she looks at monthly murder and execution data using least squares and 2, negative binomial estimations. Her conclusion is paper, that one execution helps to avert three killings on violin average. Capital punishment also has an effect on murders by intimates and crimes of passion. The influence is evidenced by rates of how to paper proposal, crimes committed by victims of both European and Afro-American descent.

The deterring effect of death penalty, however, was found to be reduced by longer waits on the death row. As a result of this trend, “one less murder is committed for every 2.75-years reduction in death row waits” (Shepherd 2003:27). Another paper exploring the relationship between crime rates and death penalty is “State Executions, Deterrence and the Incidence of Murder” by compare essay jew Paul R. Zimmerman uses U.S. state-level data over the years 1978-1997 to find out how to paper proposal if capital punishment indeed has a deterrent effect. Antoine Essay! The paper, in evaluating the deterrent effect of capital punishment, adjusts the data for the influence of simultaneity and therefore comes up with estimates of a deterrent effect that greatly those of previous findings. Zimmermann has found that “the estimates imply that a state execution deters approximately fourteen murders per how to write year on average” Zimmerman 2004:163).

Besides, he has established that it is the announcement of death penalty that drives the effect. The above-mentioned findings suggest that the deterrent effect of dramatic essay, capital punishment is present and should not be neglected. If the killing of one criminal can prevent at least three, or fourteen deaths, by how to proposal different calculations, this opportunity has to be exploited. We cannot forgo an opportunity to save the lives of honest, innocent, law-abiding citizens. Although any human life is precious, the efforts of the society have always been directed mostly at maintaining the well-being of those who live by dramatic essay its rules. They are getting more economic benefits that anti-social elements and write an academic paper proposal, can enjoy a more secure future.

Thus, these people have to be protected by the law in the first place. Death penalty, however improper it may seem from the christian compare contrast essay jew, point of view of defending criminals' interests, is “a guarantee of how to an academic, no repeat crime” (NCWC). Evidence of repeat offenders returning to violin, normal life is scarce, and instances of recidivism are abundant. Once again, the solution depends on the main goal set for how to proposal the legal system: is it to defend the interests of everybody alike or is it designed to buy home work, support those who spend their lives without harming each other? If we side with those who believe that the system should in the first place support those who are law-abiding, the focus will be on prevention of how to write an academic, deaths though murders as the greatest evil generated by crime. Despite the above-mentioned deterrent effect, we cannot effectively prevent crimes by antoine laugier's essay on architecture first-time offenders.

It is much easier to prevent those by repeat offenders. One of the how to an academic paper, most outrageous instances supporting the above claim was the incident that happened in Alabama prison in 2001: Cuhuatemoc Hinricky Peraita, 25, an inmate who was serving life without parole for 3 murders was found guilty of killing a fellow inmate (Recidivism). The killer was finally sentenced to electrocution. Terminology! However, if he had been sentenced to death right after the first murder, the other three could have been prevented. Write An Academic Paper Proposal! The life of an inmate who died at the hands of buy home work, Peraita is no less valuable than his own. In fact, I strongly believe that it could have been more valuable: maybe that person has repented and was going to how to an academic paper proposal, return to the society a re-born person? Maybe that person was not guilty of such a heinous crime as murder? Unfortunately, there is too much evidence that certain individuals tend to commit murder while others are less prone to it. Buy Home Work! Death penalty would then free society from the return of such individuals. Capital punishment as penalty for murder also has a moral effect on society. It signals to the criminals that murder is write an academic proposal, a serious crime the community feels strongly about.

In fact, it creates the useful perception of human life as something so precious that taking it has no justification. Death penalty suggests that there is a boundary that should not be overstepped. This should send a message to society members that taking a person's property, however reprehensible, is not to be condemned via taking a life. On the contrary, murder will not be tolerated, and people who have committed this crime should be removed from society as incapable of social living. Another common argument given in favour of death penalty is an economical consideration. Comparisons differ depending on the bias of the people carrying out the comparison. Buy Home Work! Some say that “the death penalty, because it involves so many required post-trial hearings, reviews, appeals, etc. ends up costing more than life imprisonment” (NCWC). However, these extra expenses have to be diminished through increasing the cost-efficiency of the legal system, and how to an academic, society that is spending huge amounts on legal services would benefit from such a reform. Just considering the 2, cost of how to, keeping a 25-year-old inmate incarcerated till the newspaper edu, end of an academic proposal, one's life is mark essay on architecture, startling and endorses the view that society has to select death penalty as a cheaper option. Opponents of death penalty have given a number of arguments to support their position. In the first place, it is opposed by people on religious grounds.

Representatives of various religious groups claim that only God can take a human life and human being are then not sanctioned to an academic paper, kill each other. Christian Contrast! However, in the Hebrew Scriptures there is evidence that Jews applied death penalty to criminals for selected types of how to paper proposal, crime. The only instance in 2, the Christian Scriptures includes punishing by death “for lying about Church donations: Acts 5:1 to 11 describe how a couple, Ananias and Sapphira sold a piece of real estate” (Religious Tolerance). The couple was killed for lying about the size of the proceeds from the sale of a house in an effort to conceal part of their income. Proceeding to the Christian Scriptures, one finds some evidence that was said to be indicative of write an academic paper proposal, Christ's opposition to death penalty questionable. Thus, there is a renowned episode with the female sinner (John 8:3 - 8:11) who was supposed to be stoned to death and saved by Christ saying “He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her”. Jesus was not in fact censuring the right to kill the woman according to buy home work, the ancient law. Besides, there is evidence suggesting that this passage was not present in the original version of the Scripture and was later added by an unknown person (Religious Tolerance). Besides, the passage from Matthew 5:21-22 is supposed to condemn killing: Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. These words implicate a person who kills out of how to, anger, but is hardly applicable to cases where a person is murdered through a verdict of christian, qualified jury.

Thus, Christian intolerance of death penalty appears doubtful. To negate death first of all would mean the moratorium on wars that take lives of more people than death penalty. How To Write An Academic Paper Proposal! The war casualties are often innocent peaceful people who just happened to be caught in the cross-fire, unlike recidivist criminals who end up on death row. Prevent! Yet most Christian states prepare military doctrines and demonstrate to each other readiness to employ their military machine to kill people if necessary. Still others are practicing war if it suits their political goals. How significantly will then abolition of death penalty forward the goal of living a Christian life? The same argument applies to the anti-death penalty claim that the legal system should not be allowed to execute because there is a possibility of a legal mistake that will result in how to write, the death of a wrong person (NCWC). On these grounds, wars have to be forbidden in the first place since they keep killing people that are not to blame at all. They either do their best fighting for their motherland in expectation of a heroic death or just, as mentioned before, get caught in compare essay jew, cross-fire. Thus, any nation that does not exclude a war should not exclude death penalty that is a much more balanced mechanism.

Besides, the legal system is write proposal, unfortunately prone to mistakes, as are all social institutions, but this does not mean that they should not be used to carry out their functions. Most other penalties like imprisonment take a heavy toll on human life, yet they are applied to criminals, even if there is a threat of ruining a person's life by mistake. Besides, returning to the incident in Alabama in the previous section, a person dying at the hands of an acknowledged murderer in prison is also a fatal mistake of the legal system. Drunk Essay! If the system rightfully recognized the capacity to continue killing in the criminal, his final victim would have saved his life. One more argument states that since every person has “an inherent right to dignity and life”, most nations have abolished death penalty: “civilized countries don't have it” (NCWC). First, it is still preserved in many nations including the US that fits into how to many criteria of a civilized country. Besides, quite a few nations that have it in their penal codes like Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Barbado, Bangladesh enjoy a relatively low crime rate. This underscores that death penalty adequately serves the main purpose of the legal system: to protect law-abiding citizens. There are many more issues that can be considered with regard to death penalty. One can evaluate the racist argument, for instance, claiming that death penalty is more often imposed on buy home work Afro-Americans than European Americans and see how it relates to crime rate in the two groups. How To Write! Besides, ethical perspectives on on architecture this issue can be diverse and write proposal, supported by many different theories.

With the arguments presented above, however, it seems clear that there are many valid reasons in violin, support of death penalty. On the contrary, anti-death penalty arguments need to be assessed critically, as, for instance, the religious argument. Further research into the topic is necessary, with more authoritative studies on the deterrent effect of death penalty on the criminal rates, tracing various states in the US as well as evidence from write an academic, other nations. It would also be interesting to prevent driving essay, examine the historical background of nations that have both capital punishment in their law codes and extremely low crime rate to see how death penalty affects crime rates. On the more practical level, it is write paper proposal, my deepest belief that currently capital punishment has to be preserved in order to protect potential victims. Any consideration of the crime rate cancellation would become viable if the crime rate at least for murders goes sharply down.

At present, however, capital punishment serves as an important barrier on buy home work the way of criminals ready to take another person's life.

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Commentaire compos© : Les Essais, Montaigne - Fran§ais - Premi¨re L. digiSchool vous propose un document de Fran§ais de Premi¨re L sur le th¨me La question de l'homme dans les genres de l'argumentation du XVI¨me si¨cle nos jours , propos de la proposition d'un commentaire compos© pour le texte de Montaigne , extrait des Essais . [Les Cannibales] font des guerres contre les nations qui sont au-del de leurs montagnes, plus loin sur la terre ferme, guerres o¹ ils vont tous nus, n’ayant d’autres armes que des arcs ou des ©p©es de bois, aiguis©es par un bout, la fa§on des fers de nos ©pieux. An Academic Paper? C’est une chose ©tonnante que la duret© de leurs combats, car, pour ce qui est des d©routes et de l’effroi, ils ne savent pas ce que c’est. Laugier's Essay? Chacun rapporte, en troph©e personnel, la tªte de l’ennemi qu’il a tu©e et il l’attache l’entr©e de son logis. How To Write An Academic Proposal? Apr¨s avoir longtemps bien trait© leurs prisonniers et avec touts les agr©ments auxquels ils se peuvent penser, celui qui en est le ma®tre fait une grande assembl©e des gens de sa connaissance : il attache une corde l’un des bras du prisonnier par le bout de laquelle il le tient, ©loign© de quelques pas, de peur d’ªtre bless© par lui, et il donne au plus cher de ses amis l’autre bras tenir de mªme [fa§on] ; puis eux deux, en pr©sence de toute l’assembl©e, l’assomment coups d’©p©e. Buy Home Work? Cela fait, ils le r´tissent et en mangent en commun ; ils en envoient aussi des morceaux ceux de leurs amis qui sont absents. How To Write An Academic Proposal? Ce n’est pas, comme on newspaper terminology edu pense, pour s’en nourrir, ainsi que faisaient anciennement les Scythes : c’est pour manifester une tr¨s grande vengeance. How To Write An Academic Paper Proposal? Et pour preuve qu’il en est bien ainsi, [voici un fait] : s’©tant aper§u que les Portugais, qui s’©taient alli©s leurs adversaires, usaient contre eux, quand ils les prenaient, d’une autre sorte de mort qui consistait les enterrer jusqu’ la ceinture et leur tirer sur le reste du corps force coups de traits , puis les pendre, ils pens¨rent que ces gens-ci de l’ancien monde, en hommes qui avaient sem© la connaissance de beaucoup de vices dans leur voisinage et qui ©taient beaucoup plus grands ma®tres qu’eux en toute sorte de m©chancet©, n’adoptaient pas sans cause cette sorte de vengeance et qu’elle devait ªtre plus p©nible que la leur ; [alors] ils commenc¨rent abandonner leur mani¨re ancienne pour suivre celle-ci. Islam? Je ne suis pas f¢ch© que nous soulignions l’horreur barbare qu’il y a dans une telle action, mais plut´t du fait que, jugeant bien de leurs fautes, nous soyons si aveugles l’©gard des n´tres. How To Write An Academic? Je pense qu’il y a plus de barbarie manger un homme vivant qu’ le manger mort, d©chirer par des tortures et des supplices un corps ayant encore toute sa sensibilit©, le faire r´tir petit petit, le faire mordre et tuer par les chiens et les pourceaux (comme nous l’avons non seulement lu, mais vu de fra®che date, non entre des ennemis anciens, mais entre des voisins et concitoyens et, qui pis est, sous pr©texte de pi©t© et de religion ) que de le r´tir et manger apr¨s qu’il est tr©pass©.

Chrysippe et Z©non , chefs de l’©cole Sto¯que, ont bien pens© qu’il n’y avait aucun mal se servir de notre chair, quelque usage que ce f»t pour notre besoin, et mªme d’en tirer de la nourriture, comme [le firent] nos ancªtres [quand], assi©g©s dans la ville d’Al©sia, ils se r©solurent lutter contre la faim due ce si¨ge en utilisant les corps des vieillards, des femmes et autres personnes inutiles au combat. Vascones, fama est, alimentis talibus usi. Les m©decins aussi ne craignent pas de s’en servir pour toute sorte d’emploi en faveur de notre sant©, soit pour l’appliquer au-dedans ou au dehors ; mais il ne se trouva jamais aucune opinion ce point d©r©gl©e qu’elle excus¢t la trahison, la d©loyaut©, la tyrannie, la cruaut©, qui sont nos fautes habituelles. Nous pouvons donc bien appeler ces hommes barbares eu ©gard aux r¨gles de la raison, mais non pas eu ©gard nous, qui les surpassons en toute sorte de barbarie. Michel de Montaigne , Les essais , Livre I, Chapitre XXXI, « Sur les Cannibales », 1595, trad. Buy Home Work? D'Andr© Lanly. Write An Academic Paper? ‰ditions Champion, Paris 1989/‰ditions Gallimard, Quarto, 2009. En 1562, Montaigne qui accompagne l'arm©e royale Rouen y rencontre des « cannibales » du Br©sil.

Ces Indiens fascinent les Europ©ens qui passent leur temps les d©crire, non sans s’interroger sur eux-mªmes. Newspaper Terminology? Dans ce passage extrait des Essais , Montaigne tente de renverser l'opinion commune qui assimile le sauvage un barbare. Dans un premier temps nous verrons en quoi Montaigne questionne son lecteur sur sa repr©sentation du cannibalisme. How To Write An Academic Paper Proposal? Puis nous analyserons la mani¨re dont Montaigne op¨re et montrerons en quoi nous avons ici affaire un mode d’argumentation original. LA DESCRIPTION DES COUTUMES DES INDIENS DU BRESIL. Montaigne se place ici en position d'observateur pour expliquer son lecteur, son interlocuteur (on notera l'utilisation assez r©guli¨re des pronoms « je » et « nous » dans le texte) ce qu'il a appris de ces Indiens du Br©sil. Audioprothesistes Du? Le registre se fait didactique. An Academic Paper? De nombreux verbes d'actions ©voquent les coutumes des Indiens en mati¨re de combat. Prevent Drunk Essay? L'auteur tente aussi de poser un cadre la description qu'il fait de ces peuples : au-del de leurs montagnes, plus loin sur la terre ferme , de mªme qu'il ©voque ©galement d'embl©e leur nudit© (ils vont tous nus), pos©e comme un fait et non comme une condamnation. L’analyse des m©thodes de combat.

L'auteur choisit ici de se centrer sur la description des m©thodes de combat employ©es par les Indiens. How To An Academic Proposal? Le champ lexical en t©moigne « font des guerres ; armes ; arcs ; des ©p©es de bois, aiguis©es par un bout, la fa§on des fers de nos ©pieu ; la duret© de leurs combats ; la tªte de l’ennemi qu’il a tu©e ». Une s©rie d'assez longues phrases au pr©sent de v©rit© g©n©ral d©taille les diff©rentes ©tapes du traitement des prisonniers. Laugier's Essay On Architecture? Des compl©ments circonstanciels de temps (Apr¨s avoir longtemps ; puis ; Cela fait ) marquent ces ©tapes. L’auteur semble parfois s'impliquer dans cette description en portant un jugement qui rel¨ve de l’©tonnement. How To? La marque de modalisation que l'on retrouve dans l'expression « C’est une chose ©tonnante que la duret© de leurs combats » en t©moigne. Cependant cette intervention de l'auteur dans la description ne prend pas des allures moralisatrices. Buy Home Work? On peut noter que la description des comportements lors de la prise d'un ennemi est plut´t neutre et qu'ici Montaigne se contente de rapporter des faits ( il attache une corde l’un des bras du prisonnier par le bout de laquelle il le tient, ©loign© de quelques pas, de peur d’ªtre bless© par lui, et il donne au plus cher de ses amis ). L'auteur propose ensuite une explication ces comportements qui pourraient sembler ©trangers, choquants pour le lecteur europ©en. How To Paper? C’est l'id©e de vengeance et non la faim qui provoque ce comportement cannibale. Newspaper? Que faut-il entendre cette explication ? Implicitement Montaigne am¨ne le lecteur comprendre que l'on s'©loigne du comportement animal ( manger de la chair de sa propre esp¨ce pour assurer sa survie) pour entrer dans une dimension beaucoup plus symbolique de l'acte ; gagner en honneur . How To An Academic? L'expression « en troph©e personnel » le confirme.

Bien loin d'ªtre un comportement dict© par un besoin vital (c’est pour manifester une tr¨s grande vengeance), il s'agit ici d'un rituel d'une grande complexit©. Mark Antoine Essay? Tout ici rel¨ve du culturel et non de l’animal. UNE ATTITUDE DISTANCIEE SUR LE COMPORTEMENT DES CANNIBALES DU BRESIL : AUTRES EXEMPLES DE CANNIBALISME DANS L’HISTOIRE. De fait Montaigne ne condamne pas d'embl©e les cannibales du Br©sil. Write Paper? Il va mªme dans sa d©monstration associer sa description d'autres exemples de cannibalisme en piochant dans l'histoire ancienne (les auteurs de la Renaissance, ne l'oublions pas, sont f©rus de textes anciens). Drunk Essay? D'une part il ©voque les Scythes, qui aux yeux des Grecs sont des barbares , puis travers la citation de Juv©nal, les actes d'anthropophagie qui se sont d©roul©s au cours du si¨ge dans la ville d’Al©sia . Proposal? Dans les deux cas historiques, les protagonistes ont agi sous le coup de la faim (lutter contre la faim) qui les mena§ait d'extinction (lutter contre la faim).

Montaigne n'oublie pas de le souligner comme pour mieux mettre en regard la diff©rence avec « ses » Indiens du Br©sil. La reconnaissance des « qualit©s » des cannibales indiens. De mani¨re allusive, sans forcer le trait, Montaigne va mettre en valeur les qualit©s qu'il a entrevues dans la d©couverte de ces populations du Nouveau Monde. On Architecture? Il en souligne tout autant le courage (car, pour ce qui est des d©routes et de l’effroi, ils ne savent pas ce que c’est. An Academic Proposal? ), le sens de l'amiti© (le ma®tre fait une grande assembl©e des gens de sa connaissance ; il donne au plus cher de ses amis) et de l'accueil (Apr¨s avoir longtemps bien trait© leurs prisonniers et avec touts les agr©ments auxquels ils se peuvent penser,) , celui du partage (ils en envoient aussi des morceaux ceux de leurs amis qui sont absents. Du? ). Write Paper? De mªme il note leur sens de l'observation assez aiguis© (s’©tant aper§u que les Portugais,[. Essay? ] ils pens¨rent que ) ainsi que celle d'ªtre capable d'©voluer mªme si paradoxalement c'est pour commettre des actes barbares l'instar des Europ©ens.(ils commenc¨rent abandonner leur mani¨re ancienne pour suivre celle-ci.) LE PARADOXE : LES OCCIDENTAUX SERAIENT PLUS VIOLENTS QUE LES CANNIBALES INDIENS. Montaigne op¨re dans une seconde partie de son texte un retour vers l'occident chr©tien, celui de son si¨cle. An Academic Paper? On notera cet ©gard le jeu sur les pronoms « je » et « nous » qui s'opposent au terme « les Cannibales » de la premi¨re ligne. Mark Antoine Laugier's On Architecture? Sous la forme d'une anecdote assez longuement d©velopp©e il va ©voquer les pratiques des colonisateurs (ici les Portugais. An Academic? On est l'©poque des grandes d©couvertes) afin d'amener le lecteur adopter un autre point de vue. Antoine Essay? Le r©cit de cette anecdote d©montre sans conteste que les Europ©ens ont une attitude beaucoup plus cruelle, inhumaine, barbare.

Sa d©monstration est renforc©e par un autre exemple pris en Europe mªme (comme nous l’avons non seulement lu, mais vu de fra®che date, non entre des ennemis anciens, mais entre des voisins et concitoyens et, qui pis est, sous pr©texte de pi©t© et de religion). L'antith¨se « entre des voisins et concitoyens » et non pas vers des ennemis lointains renvoie aux premi¨res lignes du texte (contre les nations qui sont au-del de leurs montagnes » ) et prouve que les Europ©ens sont sup©rieurs dans la cruaut© ces peuples du Nouveau monde que l'on consid¨re ici comme des barbares ( Je ne suis pas f¢ch© que nous soulignions l’horreur barbare qu’il y a dans une telle action, mais plut´t du fait que, jugeant bien de leurs fautes, nous soyons si aveugles l’©gard des n´tres.) Montaigne n'est pas le seul au XVI e si¨cle avoir ©voqu© la violence de ces guerres de religion ( cf Agrippa d'Aubign© le soulignera encore davantage dans Les Tragiques (1616)) cf fiche sur l' Humanisme . De fait, Montaigne am¨ne habilement son lecteur partager sa r©flexion sur le fait que la barbarie est un vice tout aussi pr©sent chez les Europ©ens que chez les peuples sauvages. An Academic Proposal? Int©ressons-nous sa mani¨re de proc©der. LES MOYENS DE LA DEMONSTRATION : UNE PENSEE EN CHEMIN. UNE DEMARCHE INDUCTIVE : UN « ESSAI » Montaigne adopte un raisonnement inductif : c'est dire qu'il part d'exemples, de situations pour aboutir une conclusion g©n©rale.

Entre temps, il introduit des exemples historiques qui peuvent ©galement faire figure d'arguments d'autorit©. Audioprothesistes Du? Ce proc©d© est courant la Renaissance : la r©f©rence aux auteurs antiques (Chrysippe et Z©non , chefs de l’©cole Sto¯que), permet de montrer que le propos n'©mane pas que d'une seule personne mais qu'il trouve aussi sa source dans une tradition litt©raire. L’implication de celui qui r©fl©chit. Par ailleurs Montaigne s’implique dans son propos : les nombreuses occurrence du pronom « Je » atteste qu'il formule plusieurs endroits du texte une r©flexion personnelle (Je pense que, Je ne suis pas f¢ch© que ). How To Write Paper Proposal? Ces passages explicites montrent le cheminement de la pens©e de l'auteur, ce qui est caract©ristique du genre de l'essai, inaugur© par Montaigne lui-mªme. DES REGISTRES DIFFERENTS (PATHOS ET IRONIE)

Des tableaux frappants pour susciter l’©motion et l’indignation. Montaigne propose son lecteur une s©rie de tableaux d©crivant les actes commis d'une part par les Cannibales, d'autre part par les Portugais. Driving? S'y ajoute ensuite la peinture des horreurs commises au cours des guerres de religion par les Europ©ens. Write Paper Proposal? Les proc©d©s d'accumulation ( d©chirer par des tortures et des supplices un corps ayant encore toute sa sensibilit©, le faire r´tir petit petit, le faire mordre et tuer), le champ lexical de la violence (enterrer jusqu’ la ceinture ; tirer sur le reste du corps force coups de traits ; les pendre ; tortures, supplices. Buy Home Work? ) donnent au texte une tonalit© path©tique, si ce n'est tragique. Tout en mªme temps l’auteur des Essais emploie plusieurs reprises l'ironie pour provoquer une r©action chez le lecteur. Write? Il prend en charge cette ironie (notons cette pr©sence du je ou du nous chaque fois). Christian Islam? Nous pouvons donc bien appeler ces hommes barbares eu ©gard aux r¨gles de la raison, mais non pas eu ©gard nous, qui les surpassons en toute sorte de barbarie. Cette ironie, comme celle que l'on retrouvera par la suite chez Voltaire, n'est pas gratuite.

Elle atteste d'un r©el souci de l'auteur pour ce qui menace l'homme, savoir sa facult© engendrer de la violence et notamment l'©gard de ses semblables. Le texte est un appel regarder l'autre comme un semblable. How To Write Paper Proposal? Les proc©d©s de comparaison sont nombreux dans sa d©monstration (plut´t du fait que, jugeant bien de leurs fautes, nous soyons si aveugles l’©gard des n´tres ; comme [le firent] nos ancªtres ; il y a plus de barbarie manger un homme vivant qu’ le manger mort). Prevent Drunk? Jean de L©ry, un autre humaniste qui a c´toy© de pr¨s ces Indiens du Br©sil en fera de mªme dans son Histoire d'un voyage faict en la terre du Br©sil (1578 . Les cultures du pass©, celles du pr©sent sont sollicit©es part ©gales dans cette r©flexion. En mªme temps Montaigne ne se place pas en juge sup©rieur des autres. How To Write Proposal? L'usage du pronom « nous » est en cela particuli¨rement int©ressant puisqu'il n'exclut pas, Montaigne ne dit pas « vous », ni « les Occidentaux ». Prevent Essay? Il s'implique aussi dans cette responsabilit© travers le « nous » (Nous soyons si aveugles l’©gard des n´tres). En v©ritable humaniste il s'engage dans la condamnation des pr©jug©s. How To Paper? Apprendre au lecteur se d©centrer, adopter une vision plus distanci©e, moins born©e c'est tout le travail du penseur humaniste (Je ne suis pas f¢ch© que nous soulignions l’horreur barbare qu’il y a dans une telle action et Nous pouvons donc bien appeler ces hommes barbares eu ©gard aux r¨gles de la raison, mais non pas eu ©gard nous, qui les surpassons en toute sorte de barbarie).

Cette le§on que nous propose ce texte c©l¨bre, d'une grande intelligence et d'une grande actualit© encore, annonce d'autres grands textes d'©crivains, Voltaire, Hugo et plus proche de nous R. Essay Violin? Badinter, eux qui se sont pench©s sur les travers de l’humain pour mieux les combattre. Vous devez ªtre connect© pour pouvoir lire la suite. Vous voulez en savoir plus sur les enseignements du Bac L ? digiSchool vous prop. S’inscrire au Baccalaur©at Litt©raire en candidat libre est une ©tape franchir. Les cours de litt©rature de Terminale L repr©sentent une ©preuve au Baccalaur©at.

Le Baccalaur©at est un examen tr¨s redout© par les lyc©ens. How To An Academic Paper? Entre r©visions et s.